User Guide for the Survey of Household Spending, 2014
5. Derivation of data tables

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This section shows how the SHS data tables have been derived. It then explains the calculations used most frequently to manipulate the data. Users are advised to refer to this section before undertaking their data analysis.

As stated previously, only a subsample of the households is selected to fill out the diary. Therefore, different weights are calculated for the interview questionnaire and for the diary.

5.1 Estimates of number of households

Estimates are generated using two sets of weights; one for the interview and the other for the diary. Adjustments made during weighting ensure that the estimated number of households at the provincial level is the same for both sets of weights for the following domains:

  • household sizes of one, two, or three or more persons
  • household income groups defined according to provincial quintiles

By default, the estimate of the number of households for any aggregation of these domains is also the same for both sets of weights.

For any other domain, an estimate of the number of households may differ somewhat between the two sets of weights, depending on the reliability of these estimates. The estimated number of households in the SHS tables has been produced using interview weights, as opposed to diary weights. The average household size is also estimated using the interview weights.

The estimated number of households and the average household size of the various domains for which expenditure estimates are produced in CANSIM tables are available in Appendix H.

5.2 Estimates of average expenditure per household

Estimates using both interview and diary expenditure data are produced in two steps: estimates are produced separately from the interview and the diary, and are then added together.

For average expenditure per household, the interview average expenditure per household is calculated using the weighted sum of expenditure data obtained from the interview divided by the sum of the interview weights. Similarly, the diary average expenditure per household is estimated using the weighted sum of expenditure data obtained from the diary divided by the sum of the diary weights. The two components are then added to obtain the average expenditure per household. With this approach, for domains in which the interview and diary estimates do not match, the combined interview and diary average expenditure per household does not exactly match the combined interview and diary weighted sum of expenditure divided by the estimated number of households (produced using the interview weights). Nevertheless, the approach ensures that the sum of the average expenditure per household for all categories equals the total average expenditure per household.

5.3 Examples of expenditure estimates

The tables in this section contain examples of expenditure estimates derived using data from either the interview or the diary, as well as an example of expenditure estimates produced using a combination of interview and diary data.

5.3.1 Examples of expenditure estimates obtained from interview data

The CANSIM tables include estimates of average expenditure per household. The estimated number of households and the average household size are also available at the national, regional and provincial levels. The estimated number of households and the average household size for other domains are not included in these tables but are provided in Appendix H. In this document, we present an example of the estimated number of households in Table 7 associated with estimates of average expenditure per household from Table 8 in order to help in the understanding of the examples in Section 5.4. The estimates in Tables 7 to 12 are based on 2011 data.

Table 7
Estimated number of households based on interview weights, by household tenure
Table summary
This table displays the results of Estimated number of households based on interview weights All households, Owner with mortgage, Owner without mortgage and Renter, calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  All households Owner with mortgage Owner without mortgage Renter
number
Estimated number of households 13,514,009 4,812,813 4,219,949 4,481,247
Table 8
Average household expenditures obtained from interview data, by household tenure
Table summary
This table displays the results of Average household expenditures obtained from interview data All households, Owner with mortgage, Owner without mortgage and Renter, calculated using dollars units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  All households Owner with mortgage Owner without mortgage Renter
dollars
Shelter 15,210 23,712 9,643 11,320
Household furnishings and equipment 2,027 2,699 2,235 1,115
Clothing and accessories 3,360 4,289 3,268 2,448
Transportation 11,229 14,505 12,389 6,638

5.3.2 Examples of expenditure estimates obtained from diary data

Table 9
Estimated number of households based on diary weights, by household tenure
Table summary
This table displays the results of Estimated number of households based on diary weights All households, Owner with mortgage, Owner without mortgage and Renter, calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  All households Owner with mortgage Owner without mortgage Renter
number
Estimated number of households 13,514,009 4,785,857 4,214,778 4,513,374
Table 10
Average household expenditures obtained from diary data, by household tenure
Table summary
This table displays the results of Average household expenditures obtained from diary data All households, Owner with mortgage, Owner without mortgage and Renter, calculated using dollars units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  All households Owner with mortgage Owner without mortgage Renter
dollars
Food expenditures 7,795 9,234 8,465 5,642
Food purchased from stores 5,588 6,583 6,053 4,098
Food purchased from restaurants 2,207 2,652 2,412 1,544

5.3.3 Examples of estimates obtained from both interview and diary expenditure data

Table 11 shows the estimated number of households and the average household size by household tenure as provided in Appendix H (not available in CANSIM tables), while Table 12 represents a typical example of an average household expenditures table available to users through the SHS CANSIM tables.

Table 11
Estimated number of households and average household size based on interview weights, by household tenure
Table summary
This table displays the results of Estimated number of households and average household size based on interview weights All households, Owner with mortgage, Owner without mortgage and Renter, calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  All households Owner with mortgage Owner without mortgage Renter
number
Estimated number of households 13,514,009 4,812,813 4,219,949 4,481,247
Average household size 2.48 3.03 2.30 2.05
Table 12
Average household expenditures obtained from interview and diary data, by household tenure
Table summary
This table displays the results of Average household expenditures obtained from interview and diary data All households, Owner with mortgage, Owner without mortgage and Renter, calculated using dollars units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  All households Owner with mortgage Owner without mortgage Renter
dollars
Total expenditure Note 1 39,621 54,439 36,000 27,163
Food expenditures 7,795 9,234 8,465 5,642
Food purchased from stores 5,588 6,583 6,053 4,098
Food purchased from restaurants 2,207 2,652 2,412 1,544
Shelter 15,210 23,712 9,643 11,320
Household furnishings and equipment 2,027 2,699 2,235 1,115
Clothing and accessories 3,360 4,289 3,268 2,448
Transportation 11,229 14,505 12,389 6,638

Tables 7 to 10 above are not available to users; however, the following section provides examples on how to produce other estimates using tables such as Tables 11 and 12 above.

5.4 Calculating various estimates using the tables

The following section explains some of the calculation methods most commonly used to manipulate SHS expenditure estimates.

5.4.1 How to calculate average expenditure per person

To calculate average expenditure per person for a given category, divide the average expenditure per household for that category (Table 12) by the average household size (found on the second line of Table 11).

For example, the average food expenditure per person for renter households is calculated as follows:

Average food expenditure per person for renter households =MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyqaiaabAhacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaa bccacaqGMbGaae4Baiaab+gacaqGKbGaaeiiaiaabwgacaqG4bGaae iCaiaabwgacaqGUbGaaeizaiaabMgacaqG0bGaaeyDaiaabkhacaqG LbGaaeiiaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabccacaqGWbGaaeyzaiaabk hacaqGZbGaae4Baiaab6gacaqGGaGaaeOzaiaab+gacaqGYbGaaeii aiaabkhacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabshacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabccacaqGOb Gaae4BaiaabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsga caqGZbGaaeiiaiaab2daaaa@6BCB@ Average food expenditure per renter householdAverage size of renter householdsMathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeWaaSaaaeaacaqGbbGaaeODaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeyyaiaabEga caqGLbGaaeiiaiaabAgacaqGVbGaae4BaiaabsgacaqGGaGaaeyzai aabIhacaqGWbGaaeyzaiaab6gacaqGKbGaaeyAaiaabshacaqG1bGa aeOCaiaabwgacaqGGaGaaeiCaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaabkhaca qGLbGaaeOBaiaabshacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabccacaqGObGaae4Baiaa bwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsgaaeaacaqGbb GaaeODaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeyyaiaabEgacaqGLbGaaeiiaiaaboha caqGPbGaaeOEaiaabwgacaqGGaGaae4BaiaabAgacaqGGaGaaeOCai aabwgacaqGUbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaabIgacaqGVbGa aeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaaeizaiaabohaaa aaaa@7D3E@ Example:$5,642 2.05= $2,752MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyraiaabIhacaqGHbGaaeyBaiaabchacaqGSbGaaeyzaiaa bccacaqG6aWaaSaaaeaacaqGKaGaaeynaiaabYcacaqG2aGaaeinai aabkdacaqGGcaabaGaaeOmaiaab6cacaqGWaGaaeynaaaacaqG9aGa aeiiaiaabscacaqGYaGaaeilaiaabEdacaqG1aGaaeOmaaaa@4CE6@

When analyzing estimates of average expenditure per person, note that household composition (number of children and adults) is a significant factor in many expenditure patterns.

5.4.2 How to calculate percentages of total average household expenditure (budget shares)

To calculate the budget share of an individual expenditure category as a percentage of total average household expenditure, divide the average expenditure per household for that expenditure category by the total average expenditure per household, and then multiply by 100.

For example, using the Table 12, the percentage of total average expenditure per household represented by the average expenditure on food per household, for renter households, is calculated as follows:

Percentage of total average expenditure per household represented by the average expenditures on food per household,for renter households = MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGceaqabeaba9peaa aaaaaaa8qacaqGqbGaaeyzaiaabkhacaqGJbGaaeyzaiaab6gacaqG 0bGaaeyyaiaabEgacaqGLbGaaeiiaiaab+gacaqGMbGaaeiiaiaabs hacaqGVbGaaeiDaiaabggacaqGSbGaaeiiaiaabggacaqG2bGaaeyz aiaabkhacaqGHbGaae4zaiaabwgacaqGGaGaaeyzaiaabIhacaqGWb Gaaeyzaiaab6gacaqGKbGaaeyAaiaabshacaqG1bGaaeOCaiaabwga caqGGaGaaeiCaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeyDai aabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaaeizaiaabccacaqGYbGa aeyzaiaabchacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabshaca qGLbGaaeizaiaabccacaqGIbGaaeyEaiaabccacaqG0bGaaeiAaiaa bwgacaqGGaGaaeyyaiaabAhacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqGNbGaae yzaiaabccacaqGLbGaaeiEaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabsgacaqG PbGaaeiDaiaabwhacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabohacaqGGaGaae4Baiaab6 gacaqGGaGaaeOzaiaab+gacaqGVbGaaeizaiaabccacaqGWbGaaeyz aiaabkhacaqGGaGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqG1bGaae4CaiaabwgacaqGOb Gaae4BaiaabYgacaqGKbGaaeilaaqaea0=caqGMbGaae4Baiaabkha caqGGaGaaeOCaiaabwgacaqGUbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiai aabIgacaqGVbGaaeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGa aeizaiaabohacaqGGaGaaeypaiaabccaaaaa@B506@ Average expenditure on food per renter household Total average expenditure per renter household  × 100MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeWaaSaaaeaacaqGbbGaaeODaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeyyaiaabEga caqGLbGaaeiiaiaabwgacaqG4bGaaeiCaiaabwgacaqGUbGaaeizai aabMgacaqG0bGaaeyDaiaabkhacaqGLbGaaeiiaiaab+gacaqGUbGa aeiiaiaabAgacaqGVbGaae4BaiaabsgacaqGGaGaaeiCaiaabwgaca qGYbGaaeiiaiaabkhacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabshacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaa bccacaqGObGaae4BaiaabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaae iBaiaabsgacaqGGaaabaGaaeivaiaab+gacaqG0bGaaeyyaiaabYga caqGGaGaaeyyaiaabAhacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzai aabccacaqGLbGaaeiEaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabsgacaqGPbGa aeiDaiaabwhacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGWbGaaeyzaiaabkhaca qGGaGaaeOCaiaabwgacaqGUbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaa bIgacaqGVbGaaeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaae izaiaabccaaaGaaeiiaiaabEnacaqGGaGaaeymaiaabcdacaqGWaaa aa@91A0@ Example:$5,642$27,163× 100= 20.77%MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyraiaabIhacaqGHbGaaeyBaiaabchacaqGSbGaaeyzaiaa bQdadaWcaaqaaiaabscacaqG1aGaaeilaiaabAdacaqG0aGaaeOmaa qaaiaabscacaqGYaGaae4naiaabYcacaqGXaGaaeOnaiaabodaaaGa aeiEaiaabckacaqGXaGaaeimaiaabcdacaqG9aGaaeiOaiaabkdaca qGWaGaaeOlaiaabEdacaqG3aGaaeyjaaaa@51F2@

5.4.3 Combining expenditure categories into your own groupings

The average expenditure per household for different expenditure categories can be added together to create new subtotals.

For example, the average expenditure on shelter and transportation per renter household is calculated as follows:

Average expenditure on shelter per renter household + Average expenditure on transportation per renter household=MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyqaiaabAhacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaa bccacaqGLbGaaeiEaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabsgacaqGPbGaae iDaiaabwhacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGVbGaaeOBaiaabccacaqG ZbGaaeiAaiaabwgacaqGSbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaabc hacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabccacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaab6gacaqG0bGaaeyz aiaabkhacaqGGaGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqG1bGaae4CaiaabwgacaqGOb Gaae4BaiaabYgacaqGKbGaaeiiaiaabUcacaqGGaGaaeyqaiaabAha caqGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGLbGaaeiEai aabchacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabsgacaqGPbGaaeiDaiaabwhacaqGYbGa aeyzaiaabccacaqGVbGaaeOBaiaabccacaqG0bGaaeOCaiaabggaca qGUbGaae4CaiaabchacaqGVbGaaeOCaiaabshacaqGHbGaaeiDaiaa bMgacaqGVbGaaeOBaiaabccacaqGWbGaaeyzaiaabkhacaqGGaGaae OCaiaabwgacaqGUbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaabIgacaqG VbGaaeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaaeizaiaab2 daaaa@9C22@

Example: $11,320 + $6,638 = $17,958MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyraiaabIhacaqGHbGaaeyBaiaabchacaqGSbGaaeyzaiaa bQdacaqGGaGaaeijaiaabgdacaqGXaGaaeilaiaabodacaqGYaGaae imaiaabccacaqGRaGaaeiiaiaabscacaqG2aGaaeilaiaabAdacaqG ZaGaaeioaiaabccacaqG9aGaaeiiaiaabscacaqGXaGaae4naiaabY cacaqG5aGaaeynaiaabIdaaaa@511D@

5.4.4 Calculating aggregate expenditures

To calculate aggregate expenditures, multiply the average expenditure per household from one column for an expenditure category (Table 12) by the estimated number of households from the same column in Table 11.

For example, the aggregate expenditure on food for renter households is calculated as follows:

Average expenditure on food per renter household × Estimated number of renter householdsMathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyqaiaabAhacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaa bccacaqGLbGaaeiEaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabsgacaqGPbGaae iDaiaabwhacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGVbGaaeOBaiaabccacaqG MbGaae4Baiaab+gacaqGKbGaaeiiaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabc cacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaab6gacaqG0bGaaeyzaiaabkhacaqGGaGaaeiA aiaab+gacaqG1bGaae4CaiaabwgacaqGObGaae4BaiaabYgacaqGKb GaaeiiaiabgEna0kaabccacaqGfbGaae4CaiaabshacaqGPbGaaeyB aiaabggacaqG0bGaaeyzaiaabsgacaqGGaGaaeOBaiaabwhacaqGTb GaaeOyaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaab+gacaqGMbGaaeiiaiaabkha caqGLbGaaeOBaiaabshacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabccacaqGObGaae4Bai aabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsgacaqGZbaa aa@86D1@

Example: $5,642 × 4,481,247 = $25,283,195,574MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyraiaabIhacaqGHbGaaeyBaiaabchacaqGSbGaaeyzaiaa bQdacaqGGaGaaiijaiaaiwdacaGGSaGaaGOnaiaaisdacaaIYaGaae iiaiaabIhacaqGGaGaaGinaiaacYcacaaI0aGaaGioaiaaigdacaGG SaGaaGOmaiaaisdacaaI3aGaaeiiaiabg2da9iaabccacaGGKaGaaG OmaiaaiwdacaGGSaGaaGOmaiaaiIdacaaIZaGaaiilaiaaigdacaaI 5aGaaGynaiaacYcacaaI1aGaaG4naiaaisdaaaa@5976@

Note: Since the average expenditure variable comes from diary data and the estimated number of households in the domains used differs slightly depending on whether it is calculated using interview weights or diary weights, the estimate of aggregate expenditure only approximates the value that would have been obtained using the weighted sum of expenditures. Indeed, if we use the estimated number of households based on the diary weights from Table 9 (which are not available in the CANSIM tables), we could derive the weighted sum of expenditures. We then get:

Average expenditure on food per renter household × Estimated number of renter householdsMathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyqaiaabAhacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaa bccacaqGLbGaaeiEaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabsgacaqGPbGaae iDaiaabwhacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGVbGaaeOBaiaabccacaqG MbGaae4Baiaab+gacaqGKbGaaeiiaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabc cacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaab6gacaqG0bGaaeyzaiaabkhacaqGGaGaaeiA aiaab+gacaqG1bGaae4CaiaabwgacaqGObGaae4BaiaabYgacaqGKb GaaeiiaiabgEna0kaabccacaqGfbGaae4CaiaabshacaqGPbGaaeyB aiaabggacaqG0bGaaeyzaiaabsgacaqGGaGaaeOBaiaabwhacaqGTb GaaeOyaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaab+gacaqGMbGaaeiiaiaabkha caqGLbGaaeOBaiaabshacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabccacaqGObGaae4Bai aabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsgacaqGZbaa aa@86D1@

Example: $5,642 × 4,513,374 = $25,464,456,108MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbqaq=dbaaaaaaa aapeGaaeyraiaabIhacaqGHbGaaeyBaiaabchacaqGSbGaaeyzaiaa bQdacaqGGaGaaiijaiaaiwdacaGGSaGaaGOnaiaaisdacaaIYaGaae iiaiaabIhacaqGGaGaaGinaiaacYcacaaI1aGaaGymaiaaiodacaGG SaGaaG4maiaaiEdacaaI0aGaaeiiaiabg2da9iaabccacaGGKaGaaG OmaiaaiwdacaGGSaGaaGinaiaaiAdacaaI0aGaaiilaiaaisdacaaI 1aGaaGOnaiaacYcacaaIXaGaaGimaiaaiIdaaaa@596D@

The estimates of aggregate expenditure are exact for all domains for which the sum of the interview weights and the sum of the diary weights are the same (see Section 5.1), as well as for all variables derived from the interview questionnaire.

5.4.5 Calculating aggregate expenditures by combining data columns

To calculate aggregate expenditures for a given expenditure category for multiple columns, calculate the aggregate expenditure for this category for each of the columns and then add them together.

For example, aggregate expenditure on food by owner households (with or without a mortgage) are calculated as follows:

(Average expenditure on food per owner household with a mortgage × Estimated number of ownerhouseholds with mortgage) + (Average expenditure on food per mortgage-free owner household × Estimated number of mortgage-free owner households)MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGceaqabeaacaqGOa aeaaaaaaaaa8qacaqGbbGaaeODaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeyyaiaabEga caqGLbGaaeiOaiaabwgacaqG4bGaaeiCaiaabwgacaqGUbGaaeizai aabMgacaqG0bGaaeyDaiaabkhacaqGLbGaaeiOaiaab+gacaqGUbGa aeiOaiaabAgacaqGVbGaae4BaiaabsgacaqGGcGaaeiCaiaabwgaca qGYbGaaeiOaiaab+gacaqG3bGaaeOBaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiOaiaa bIgacaqGVbGaaeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaae izaiaabckacaqG3bGaaeyAaiaabshacaqGObGaaeiOaiaabggacaqG GcGaaeyBaiaab+gacaqGYbGaaeiDaiaabEgacaqGHbGaae4zaiaabw gacaqGGcGaae41aiaabckacaqGfbGaae4CaiaabshacaqGPbGaaeyB aiaabggacaqG0bGaaeyzaiaabsgacaqGGcGaaeOBaiaabwhacaqGTb GaaeOyaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiOaiaab+gacaqGMbGaaeiOaiaab+ga caqG3bGaaeOBaiaabwgacaqGYbaabqaq=laabIgacaqGVbGaaeyDai aabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaaeizaiaabohacaqGGaGa ae4DaiaabMgacaqG0bGaaeiAaiaabckacaqGTbGaae4Baiaabkhaca qG0bGaae4zaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyza8aacaqGPaWdbiaabckacaqG RaGaaeiOa8aacaqGOaWdbiaabgeacaqG2bGaaeyzaiaabkhacaqGHb Gaae4zaiaabwgacaqGGcGaaeyzaiaabIhacaqGWbGaaeyzaiaab6ga caqGKbGaaeyAaiaabshacaqG1bGaaeOCaiaabwgacaqGGcGaae4Bai aab6gacaqGGcGaaeOzaiaab+gacaqGVbGaaeizaiaabckacaqGWbGa aeyzaiaabkhacaqGGcGaaeyBaiaab+gacaqGYbGaaeiDaiaabEgaca qGHbGaae4zaiaabwgacaqGTaGaaeOzaiaabkhacaqGLbGaaeyzaiaa bckacaqGVbGaae4Daiaab6gacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckacaqGObGaae 4BaiaabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsgacaqG GaGaae41aiaabckaaeaba9VaaeyraiaabohacaqG0bGaaeyAaiaab2 gacaqGHbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGKbGaaeiOaiaab6gacaqG1bGaaeyB aiaabkgacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckacaqGVbGaaeOzaiaabckacaqGTb Gaae4BaiaabkhacaqG0bGaae4zaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaab2ca caqGMbGaaeOCaiaabwgacaqGLbGaaeiOaiaab+gacaqG3bGaaeOBai aabwgacaqGYbGaaeiOaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGa aeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaaeizaiaabohapaGaaeykaaaaaa@1922@ Example: ($9,234 × 4,812,813) + ($8,465 × 4,219,949) = $80,163,383,527MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaaeaaaaaaaaa8 qacaqGfbGaaeiEaiaabggacaqGTbGaaeiCaiaabYgacaqGLbGaaeOo aiaabccapaGaaeika8qacaqGKaGaaeyoaiaabYcacaqGYaGaae4mai aabsdacaqGGaGaey41aqRaaeiiaiaabsdacaqGSaGaaeioaiaabgda caqGYaGaaeilaiaabIdacaqGXaGaae4ma8aacaqGPaGaaeiia8qaca qGRaGaaeiia8aacaqGOaWdbiaabscacaqG4aGaaeilaiaabsdacaqG 2aGaaeynaiaabccacqGHxdaTcaqGGaGaaeinaiaabYcacaqGYaGaae ymaiaabMdacaqGSaGaaeyoaiaabsdacaqG5aWdaiaabMcacaqGGaWd biaab2dacaqGGaGaaeijaiaabIdacaqGWaGaaeilaiaabgdacaqG2a Gaae4maiaabYcacaqGZaGaaeioaiaabodacaqGSaGaaeynaiaabkda caqG3aaaaa@6B7C@

5.4.6 How to calculate average expenditures per household by combining data columns

To calculate the average expenditure for a given expenditure category for multiple columns, calculate the aggregate expenditure for this category for each of the columns , add them together, and then divide the total by the sum of the estimated number of households in those columns (Table 11).

For example, the average expenditure on food per owner household (with or without a mortgage) is calculated as follows:

Average expenditure on food per owner household (with or without a mortgage) =MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaaeaaaaaaaaa8 qacaqGbbGaaeODaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeyyaiaabEgacaqGLbGaaeii aiaabwgacaqG4bGaaeiCaiaabwgacaqGUbGaaeizaiaabMgacaqG0b GaaeyDaiaabkhacaqGLbGaaeiiaiaab+gacaqGUbGaaeiiaiaabAga caqGVbGaae4BaiaabsgacaqGGaGaaeiCaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiai aab+gacaqG3bGaaeOBaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaabIgacaqGVbGa aeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaaeizaiaabccapa WaaeWaaeaapeGaae4DaiaabMgacaqG0bGaaeiAaiaabccacaqGVbGa aeOCaiaabccacaqG3bGaaeyAaiaabshacaqGObGaae4Baiaabwhaca qG0bGaaeiiaiaabggacaqGGaGaaeyBaiaab+gacaqGYbGaaeiDaiaa bEgacaqGHbGaae4zaiaabwgaa8aacaGLOaGaayzkaaGaaeiia8qaca qG9aaaaa@7B11@ (Average expenditure on food per owner household with a mortgage ×Estimated number of owner households with a mortgage) +(Average expenditure on food per mortgage-free owner household ×Estimated number of mortgage-free owner households)Estimated number of owner households with a mortgage + Estimated number of mortgage-free owner householdsMathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaSaaaqaabe qaaiaabIcaqaaaaaaaaaWdbiaabgeacaqG2bGaaeyzaiaabkhacaqG HbGaae4zaiaabwgacaqGGcGaaeyzaiaabIhacaqGWbGaaeyzaiaab6 gacaqGKbGaaeyAaiaabshacaqG1bGaaeOCaiaabwgacaqGGcGaae4B aiaab6gacaqGGcGaaeOzaiaab+gacaqGVbGaaeizaiaabckacaqGWb GaaeyzaiaabkhacaqGGcGaae4BaiaabEhacaqGUbGaaeyzaiaabkha caqGGcGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqG1bGaae4CaiaabwgacaqGObGaae4Bai aabYgacaqGKbGaaeiOaiaabEhacaqGPbGaaeiDaiaabIgacaqGGcGa aeyyaiaabckacaqGTbGaae4BaiaabkhacaqG0bGaae4zaiaabggaca qGNbGaaeyzaiaabckacaqGxdaabaGaaeyraiaabohacaqG0bGaaeyA aiaab2gacaqGHbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGKbGaaeiOaiaab6gacaqG1b GaaeyBaiaabkgacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckacaqGVbGaaeOzaiaabcka caqGVbGaae4Daiaab6gacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckacaqGObGaae4Bai aabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsgacaqGZbGa aeiiaiaabEhacaqGPbGaaeiDaiaabIgacaqGGcGaaeyyaiaabckaca qGTbGaae4BaiaabkhacaqG0bGaae4zaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyza8aa caqGPaWdbiaabckacaqGRaaabaWdaiaabIcapeGaaeyqaiaabAhaca qGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaabckacaqGLbGaaeiEaiaa bchacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabsgacaqGPbGaaeiDaiaabwhacaqGYbGaae yzaiaabckacaqGVbGaaeOBaiaabckacaqGMbGaae4Baiaab+gacaqG KbGaaeiOaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckacaqGTbGaae4Baiaabk hacaqG0bGaae4zaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaab2cacaqGMbGaaeOC aiaabwgacaqGLbGaaeiOaiaab+gacaqG3bGaaeOBaiaabwgacaqGYb GaaeiOaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+ga caqGSbGaaeizaiaabckacaqGxdaabaGaaeyraiaabohacaqG0bGaae yAaiaab2gacaqGHbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGKbGaaeiOaiaab6gacaqG 1bGaaeyBaiaabkgacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckacaqGVbGaaeOzaiaabc kacaqGTbGaae4BaiaabkhacaqG0bGaae4zaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyz aiaab2cacaqGMbGaaeOCaiaabwgacaqGLbGaaeiOaiaab+gacaqG3b GaaeOBaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiOaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeyDaiaaboha caqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaaeizaiaabohapaGaaeykaaaaea qabeaapeGaaeyraiaabohacaqG0bGaaeyAaiaab2gacaqGHbGaaeiD aiaabwgacaqGKbGaaeiOaiaab6gacaqG1bGaaeyBaiaabkgacaqGLb GaaeOCaiaabckacaqGVbGaaeOzaiaabckacaqGVbGaae4Daiaab6ga caqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckacaqGObGaae4BaiaabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzai aabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsgacaqGZbGaaeiOaiaabEhacaqGPbGa aeiDaiaabIgacaqGGcGaaeyyaiaabckacaqGTbGaae4Baiaabkhaca qG0bGaae4zaiaabggacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaabckacaqGRaGaaeiOaaqa aiaabweacaqGZbGaaeiDaiaabMgacaqGTbGaaeyyaiaabshacaqGLb GaaeizaiaabckacaqGUbGaaeyDaiaab2gacaqGIbGaaeyzaiaabkha caqGGcGaae4BaiaabAgacaqGGcGaaeyBaiaab+gacaqGYbGaaeiDai aabEgacaqGHbGaae4zaiaabwgacaqGTaGaaeOzaiaabkhacaqGLbGa aeyzaiaabckacaqGVbGaae4Daiaab6gacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckaca qGObGaae4BaiaabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaa bsgacaqGZbaaaaaaaa@7B10@
Example:($9,234 × 4,812,813) + ($8,465 × 4,219,949)  4,812,813 + 4,219,949 = $8,875MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaaeaaaaaaaaa8 qacaqGfbGaaeiEaiaabggacaqGTbGaaeiCaiaabYgacaqGLbGaaeOo a8aadaWcaaqaamaabmaabaWdbiaabscacaqG5aGaaeilaiaabkdaca qGZaGaaeinaiaabccacaqG4bGaaeiiaiaabsdacaqGSaGaaeioaiaa bgdacaqGYaGaaeilaiaabIdacaqGXaGaae4maaWdaiaawIcacaGLPa aacaqGGaGaae4kaiaabccacaqGOaWdbiaabscacaqG4aGaaeilaiaa bsdacaqG2aGaaeynaiaabccacaqG4bGaaeiiaiaabsdacaqGSaGaae OmaiaabgdacaqG5aGaaeilaiaabMdacaqG0aGaaeyoa8aacaqGPaWd biaabckacaqGGcaapaqaa8qacaqG0aGaaeilaiaabIdacaqGXaGaae OmaiaabYcacaqG4aGaaeymaiaabodacaqGGaGaae4kaiaabccacaqG 0aGaaeilaiaabkdacaqGXaGaaeyoaiaabYcacaqG5aGaaeinaiaabM daaaWdaiaabccacaqG9aGaaeiia8qacaqGKaGaaeioaiaabYcacaqG 4aGaae4naiaabwdaaaa@73AE@

5.4.7 Calculating the expenditure share of a subgroup among all households

An expenditure share is the percentage of the aggregate expenditures for a given expenditure category that belongs to a particular subgroup of households (e.g., the percentage of all food expenditures made by renter households).

It is calculated by deriving the household subgroup’s aggregate expenditures for the expenditure category and dividing it by the aggregate expenditure for the expenditure category for all households. The result is then multiplied by 100.

For example, the percentage of food expenditures made by renter households is calculated as follows:

Percentage of food expenditures made by renter households = MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aqatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaaeaaaaaaaaa8 qacaqGqbGaaeyzaiaabkhacaqGJbGaaeyzaiaab6gacaqG0bGaaeyy aiaabEgacaqGLbGaaeiiaiaab+gacaqGMbGaaeiiaiaabAgacaqGVb Gaae4BaiaabsgacaqGGaGaaeyzaiaabIhacaqGWbGaaeyzaiaab6ga caqGKbGaaeyAaiaabshacaqG1bGaaeOCaiaabwgacaqGZbGaaeiiai aab2gacaqGHbGaaeizaiaabwgacaqGGaGaaeOyaiaabMhacaqGGaGa aeOCaiaabwgacaqGUbGaaeiDaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaabIgaca qGVbGaaeyDaiaabohacaqGLbGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqGSbGaaeizaiaa bohacaqGGaGaaeypaiaabccaaaa@6B03@
Average expenditure on food per renter household ×Estimated number of renter householdsAverage expenditure on food per household for all households ×  Estimated total number of households × 100MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaWaaSaaaqaace qaaabaaaaaaaaapeGaaeyqaiaabAhacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabggacaqG NbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGLbGaaeiEaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabs gacaqGPbGaaeiDaiaabwhacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGVbGaaeOB aiaabccacaqGMbGaae4Baiaab+gacaqGKbGaaeiiaiaabchacaqGLb GaaeOCaiaabccacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaab6gacaqG0bGaaeyzaiaabkha caqGGaGaaeiAaiaab+gacaqG1bGaae4CaiaabwgacaqGObGaae4Bai aabYgacaqGKbGaaeiiaiaabIhaaeaacaqGfbGaae4CaiaabshacaqG PbGaaeyBaiaabggacaqG0bGaaeyzaiaabsgacaqGGaGaaeOBaiaabw hacaqGTbGaaeOyaiaabwgacaqGYbGaaeiiaiaab+gacaqGMbGaaeii aiaabkhacaqGLbGaaeOBaiaabshacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabckacaqGOb Gaae4BaiaabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsga caqGZbaaa8aaeaGabeaapeGaaeyqaiaabAhacaqGLbGaaeOCaiaabg gacaqGNbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGLbGaaeiEaiaabchacaqGLbGaaeOB aiaabsgacaqGPbGaaeiDaiaabwhacaqGYbGaaeyzaiaabccacaqGVb GaaeOBaiaabccacaqGMbGaae4Baiaab+gacaqGKbGaaeiiaiaabcha caqGLbGaaeOCaiaabccacaqGObGaae4BaiaabwhacaqGZbGaaeyzai aabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsgacaqGGaGaaeOzaiaab+gacaqGYbGa aeiiaiaabggacaqGSbGaaeiBaiaabccacaqGObGaae4Baiaabwhaca qGZbGaaeyzaiaabIgacaqGVbGaaeiBaiaabsgacaqGZbGaaeiiaiaa bIhacaqGGaaabaWdauaabeqaceaaaeaapeGaaeiiaiaabweacaqGZb GaaeiDaiaabMgacaqGTbGaaeyyaiaabshacaqGLbGaaeizaiaabcca caqG0bGaae4BaiaabshacaqGHbGaaeiBaiaabccacaqGUbGaaeyDai aab2gacaqGIbGaaeyzaiaabkhacaqGGaGaae4BaiaabAgacaqGGaGa aeiAaiaab+gacaqG1bGaae4CaiaabwgacaqGObGaae4BaiaabYgaca qGKbGaae4CaaWdaeaaaaaaaaGaaeiiaiaabIhapeGaaeiiaiaabgda caqGWaGaaeimaaaa@E1D4@ Example: $5,642 × 4,481,247 $7,795 × 13,514,009 × 100 = 24.00%MathType@MTEF@5@5@+= feaagKart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLn hiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr 4rNCHbGeaGqiVu0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9 vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=x fr=xb9adbaqaaeGaciGaaiaabeqaamaabaabaaGcbaaeaaaaaaaaa8 qacaqGfbGaaeiEaiaabggacaqGTbGaaeiCaiaabYgacaqGLbGaaeOo aiaabccapaWaaSaaaeaapeGaaeijaiaabwdacaqGSaGaaeOnaiaabs dacaqGYaGaaeiiaiaabEnacaqGGaGaaeinaiaabYcacaqG0aGaaeio aiaabgdacaqGSaGaaeOmaiaabsdacaqG3aGaaeiOaaWdaeaapeGaae ijaiaabEdacaqGSaGaae4naiaabMdacaqG1aGaaeiiaiaabEnacaqG GaGaaeymaiaabodacaqGSaGaaeynaiaabgdacaqG0aGaaeilaiaabc dacaqGWaGaaeyoaaaacaqGGcGaae41aiaabccacaqGXaGaaeimaiaa bcdacaqGGaGaaeypaiaabccacaqGYaGaaeinaiaab6cacaqGWaGaae imaiaabwcaaaa@65D2@
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