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Impact of COVID-19 on small businesses in Canada, fourth quarter of 2021

Release date: January 6, 2022

With the proportion of small businesses making up nearly all of the employer businesses in Canada, small businesses are an important role in employing Canadians and are a significant driver towards economic recovery. This article provides insights on the expectations of small businesses as well as the specific realities faced by these businesses in the fourth quarter of 2021. It involves an examination of the data produced by the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions.

Analysis on businesses majority-owned by various sub-population groups and visible minorities, fourth quarter of 2021

Release date: December 9, 2021

While all businesses in Canada have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, different types of businesses have been impacted in different ways. This is also true for different communities that operate businesses in Canada. This article explores results from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions by looking at the businesses majority-owned by women, First Nations, Métis or Inuit persons, immigrants to Canada and visible minorities in the fourth quarter of 2021.

Rural insights from the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy: October 25, 2020 to January 16, 2021

Release date: December 6, 2021

This article analyzes the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy Regional and Community-level Database from a rural business perspective. This database covers the period from October 25, 2020 to January 16, 2021. It is based on Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (CEWS) microdata and administrative data sources available within Statistics Canada. Topics include number of CEWS supported employees and subsidy amounts in rural areas, comparison of rural and urban businesses, and analysis by industry and province/territory.

Impact of COVID-19 on non-profit organizations in Canada, fourth quarter of 2021

Release date: December 6, 2021

Non-profit organizations represent a significant portion of the Canadian economy. This article provides insights on the expectations of non-profit organizations as well as the specific realities faced by these organizations. It involves an examination of the data produced by the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions.

Changes in fertility intentions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic

Release date: December 1, 2021

This article uses data from the first series of the Canadian Social Survey - COVID-19 and Well-being (CSS-CW) to examine whether persons aged 15 to 49 made changes to their fertility plans because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Changes to fertility intentions are explored, including those related to the timing of childbearing and those impacting the number of desired children. Lastly, we examine to what extent persons having certain sociodemographic characteristics were more or less likely to adjust their fertility plans in response to the pandemic.

Labour market impacts of COVID-19 on Indigenous people living off reserve in the provinces: March 2020 to August 2021

Release date: November 16, 2021

This article uses data from the Labour Force Survey to examine trends in employment, unemployment and labour force participation among Indigenous people in the 18 months following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Trends for Indigenous and non-Indigenous people, by age group, sex, region and occupation, as well as for First Nations people and Métis, are presented.

Trends in businesses' needs for personal protective equipment since May 2021

Release date: October 18, 2021

This study examines businesses' demand for personal protective equipment, and concerns about lack of supply, using new data for August 2021 from the Personal Protective Equipment Survey.

Outlook of rural businesses and impacts related to COVID-19, third quarter of 2021

Release date: October 18, 2021

This article examines some of the effects of COVID-19 on rural businesses in Canada, with comparison to urban counterparts by industry for contextual support. Topics include business obstacles, expectations for the next year, workforce changes and other subjects from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions, third quarter of 2021.

Youth—but not adults—reported less physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic

Release date: September 17, 2021

While lockdown periods and physical distancing measures are fundamental in reducing virus transmission, prolonged restrictions may lead to reduced engagement in physical activity and exercise. This article examines changes in reported physical activity from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic. More specifically, it examines changes in the proportion of Canadians meeting physical activity guidelines, as well as changes in the types of physical activity reported. The article explores differences between youth (aged 12 to 17), adults (aged 18 to 64) and older adults (aged 65 and over).

Impact of COVID-19 on businesses majority-owned by various sub-population groups and visible minorities, third quarter of 2021

Release date: September 16, 2021

While all businesses in Canada have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, different types of businesses have been impacted in different ways. This is also true for different communities that operate businesses in Canada. This article explores results from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions by looking at the businesses majority-owned by women, First Nations, Métis or Inuit persons, immigrants to Canada and visible minorities.

Impact of COVID-19 on businesses in retail trade, third quarter of 2021

Release date: September 9, 2021

Different industries have been impacted in various ways by the COVID-19 pandemic. Initially, retail trade was one of the hardest hit by public health restrictions, but in recent months, retail business sentiment has improved significantly. This paper presents a portrait of the pandemic's impact on businesses in retail trade and the expectations of these businesses moving forward. It involves an examination of the data produced by the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions.

Self-perceived mental health and mental health care needs during the COVID-19 pandemic

Release date: September 8, 2021

Using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, this article examines self-perceived mental health in 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, compared to fall of 2019. Specifically this article explores self-perceived mental health by age group, sex, and provincial region as well as among people designated as a visible minority, immigrants, Indigenous peoples, and LGBTQ2+ Canadians. Further this article looks at mental health care needs, how these needs were met, and any perceived barriers to receiving care.

Impact of COVID-19 on small businesses in Canada, third quarter of 2021

Release date: September 2, 2021

By the third quarter of 2021, the Canadian economy had experienced over a full year of COVID-19. With the proportion of small businesses making up nearly all of the employer businesses in Canada, small businesses are an important role in employing Canadians and are a significant driver towards economic recovery. This paper presents a portrait of the pandemic's impact on small businesses in the third quarter of 2021 and the expectations of these businesses moving forward. It involves an examination of the data produced by the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions.

Financial impacts of the pandemic on the culture, arts, entertainment and recreation industries in 2020

Release date: August 17, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic abruptly disrupted many businesses that create and distribute arts and culture or offer recreational activities. This study looks at preliminary operating revenue estimates and labour-related expenses for the culture, arts, entertainment and recreation sectors in 2020.

Public transit in a post-COVID-19 Canada

Release date: July 30, 2021

Public health measures first enacted in March 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic prompted a massive shift to remote work and learning, contributing to historic year-over-year transit ridership declines in the months that followed. Using data from the Monthly Passenger Bus and Urban Transit Survey and the Labour Force Survey, this study traces the impact of working from home on the number of public transit passengers and points to other data that may help to shape a new normal for the public transit industry.

Navigating the third wave: Trends in businesses’ needs for personal protective equipment since February 2021

Release date: July 16, 2021

This study examines businesses' demand for personal protective equipment, and concerns about lack of supply, using new data for May 2021 from the Personal Protective Equipment Survey.

Outlook of rural businesses and impacts related to COVID-19, second quarter of 2021

Release date: July 9, 2021

This article examines some of the effects of COVID-19 on rural businesses in Canada, with comparison to urban counterparts by industry for contextual support. Topics include business obstacles, expectations for the next year, workforce changes and other subjects from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions, second quarter of 2021.

The effect of COVID-19 on physical activity among Canadians and the future risk of cardiovascular disease

Release date: June 25, 2021

This study looks at how many Canadians could potentially develop cardiovascular disease over the next three years because of reduced levels of physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on small Canadian studies and international research indicating that physical activity has declined during the pandemic, the authors use three hypothetical scenarios to reflect a possible range of changes in physical activity levels—reductions of 10%, 20% and 40%—in addition to a fourth scenario, no change in activity. Whether these reductions apply equally to all population groups is not known. Further, some groups may have increased physical activity levels. These scenarios describe the potential impact on cardiovascular disease by different levels of physical activity reductions.  A three-year period was used in order to illustrate the possible longer-term impact of decreased physical activity. If Canadians return to their normal level of physical activity in fewer years, there would be a corresponding reduction in the number of people that could develop cardiovascular disease over three years.

Internet use and COVID-19: How the pandemic increased the amount of time Canadians spend online

Release date: June 24, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the behaviours of Canadians, particularly regarding their online activities. Using data from the 2020 Canadian Internet Use Survey, this article examines several Internet-related activities Canadians have done more often during the pandemic.

Colorectal cancer screening during the COVID-19 pandemic: Impact of paused screening and evaluation of strategies to reduce delays

Release date: June 17, 2021

Colorectal cancer screening, along with other health care services, was suspended in Canada in the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic response. This pause was deemed necessary to allow health care facilities to establish appropriate infection-control measures to prevent COVID-19 outbreaks and to reserve health system capacity for COVID-19 patients. The current article projects the impact of a three-month suspension of screening for colorectal cancer using a fecal test for average-risk individuals, and compares strategies to minimize the harm from screening interruptions. The projections come from OncoSim, a cancer microsimulation model co-developed by Statistics Canada and the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer.

Impact of COVID-19 on businesses majority-owned by visible minorities in Canada, second quarter of 2021

Release date: June 14, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted many different communities in Canada, including visible minorities. This article presents results from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions which show that businesses majority-owned by visible minorities expect lower profits, and are more likely to expect to face obstacles obtaining financing. Their financial constraints do not differ greatly from all private sector businesses, and over one-tenth of businesses majority-owned by visible minorities can continue to operate for less than 12 months. This article further explores the obstacles these businesses expect to face and their expectations for the future.

Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic in nursing and residential care facilities in Canada

Release date: June 10, 2021

Since the beginning of the pandemic, residential care facilities such as nursing homes and seniors' homes have accounted for a significant number of cases and the majority of COVID-19-related deaths across Canada. This article presents preliminary results from the recently completed Nursing and Residential Care Facility Survey on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, covering the period up to and including December 31, 2020, in nursing homes, seniors' homes, mental health facilities and other residential care facilities.

COVID-19 deaths among immigrants: Evidence from the early months of the pandemic

Release date: June 9, 2021

This article explores differences in the distribution of deaths attributed to COVID-19 by immigration status, focusing on the deaths happening in the early days of the pandemic, from early March when the first COVID-19 death was reported to July 4th, 2020.

Impact of COVID-19 on the tourism sector, second quarter of 2021

Release date: June 8, 2021

Different industries have been impacted in various ways by the COVID-19 pandemic. The tourism sector was one of the hardest hit by travel restrictions. This paper presents a portrait of the pandemic's impact on the tourism sector and the expectations of these businesses moving forward. It involves an examination of the data produced by the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions.

A closer look at the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy: a rural lens

Release date: June 7, 2021

This article analyzes the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy Regional and Community-level Database from a rural business perspective. This database covers the period from March 15, 2020 to October 24, 2020. It is based on Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (CEWS) microdata and administrative data sources available within Statistics Canada. Topics include number of CEWS supported employees and subsidy amounts in rural areas, comparison of rural and urban businesses, and analysis by industry and province/territory.

Impact of COVID-19 on small businesses in Canada, second quarter of 2021

Release date: June 3, 2021

By the second quarter of 2021, the Canadian economy had experienced just over a full year of COVID-19. With the proportion of small businesses making up nearly all of the employer businesses in Canada, small businesses have a significant impact on the overall Canadian economy. This paper presents a portrait of the pandemic's impact on small businesses in the second quarter of 2021 and the expectations of these businesses moving forward. It involves an examination of the data produced by the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions.

Workers receiving payments from the Canada Emergency Response Benefit program in 2020

Release date: June 2, 2021

The Canada Emergency Response Benefit program (CERB) was introduced to provide financial support to employees and self-employed workers in Canada who were directly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. This article examines the proportion of 2019 workers who received CERB payments in 2020 by various characteristics. CERB take-up rates are presented by industry, earnings group in 2019, sex, age group and province, as well as for population groups designated as visible minorities, immigrants and Indigenous people. Some factors that help explain differences in take-up rates among these groups of workers are also examined.

Fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic: A look back at selected industries in the service sector in 2020

Release date: May 21, 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the need for more timely data on the service industries as some of the hardest hit sectors and last to recover will be on that side of the economy. The paper looks at preliminary operating revenue estimates in 2020 for key professional business and administrative support services industries in Canada that traditionally have weathered recessions.

Outlook of rural businesses and impacts related to COVID-19, first quarter of 2021

Release date: May 4, 2021

This article examines some of the effects of COVID-19 on rural businesses in Canada, with comparison to urban counterparts at the provincial and territorial level for contextual support. Topics include revenue changes, business obstacles and challenges, operational status of businesses, and other subjects from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions, first quarter of 2021.

Adapting to a new reality: Trends in businesses' needs for personal protective equipment since December 2020

Release date: April 19, 2021

This study examines businesses' demand for personal protective equipment, and concerns about lack of supply, using new data for February 2021 from the Personal Protective Equipment Survey.

People living in apartments and larger households were at higher risk of dying from COVID-19 during the first wave of the pandemic

Release date: April 13, 2021

The risks of mortality due to COVID-19 have been found to be higher for some Canadians (e.g., older population, especially those living in long term care residences, etc.). For Canadians living in close quarters there could also be an increased risk. This article examines the rate of mortality due to COVID-19 associated with people living in different types of private dwellings in Quebec and Ontario. Additionally, the size of the household and the living arrangements are also explored among individuals.

Working from home: Productivity and preferences

Release date: April 1, 2021

To what extent are teleworkers more or less productive now relative to when they were at their usual place of work? For those who are less productive, what are the main barriers to productivity? Once the pandemic is over, how many Canadians would prefer to work most of their hours at home or outside the home?

Impact of COVID-19 on businesses majority-owned by specific populations, first quarter of 2021

Release date: March 26, 2021

Many communities in Canada have been impacted in various ways by the COVID-19 pandemic. This article presents results from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions in the context of businesses majority-owned by women, First Nations, Métis or Inuit persons, immigrants to Canada, and visible minorities. Differences were noted in certain areas, such as expectations in profitability and sales, changes in revenue, funding and credit, and workforce changes. This article further explores the challenges facing these businesses during these unprecedented times.

COVID-19 vaccine willingness among Canadian population groups

Release date: March 26, 2021

The success of Canada's vaccination program relies on the willingness of Canadians to receive the vaccine. Using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, this article examines the proportion of people who reported being very or somewhat likely to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Specifically this article explores the willingness among population groups designated as visible minorities, immigrants, Indigenous people, and LGBTQ2+ Canadians.

Impact of COVID-19 on food services and drinking places, first quarter of 2021

Release date: March 18, 2021

Different industries have been impacted in various ways by the COVID-19 pandemic. The food services and drinking places subsector was one of the hardest hit by public-safety measures. This paper presents a portrait of the pandemic's impact on food services and drinking places in 2020 and the expectations of these businesses moving forward. It involves an examination of the data produced by the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions.

Impact of COVID-19 on small businesses in Canada, first quarter of 2021

Release date: March 10, 2021

As a result of the widespread measures taken to contain the spread of COVID-19, the Canadian economy contracted. By the end of May, the Canadian economy had been transformed by COVID-19 and many businesses had begun to adapt to the new reality by shifting to teleworking, reducing hours, laying off staff, applying for government funding or seeking rent relief. As parts of Canada were exposed to a second wave of COVID-19 and other parts were in recovery, Statistics Canada ran the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions to better understand the ongoing impacts on businesses. Based on the results of the survey, while the majority of businesses in Canada were impacted, smaller businesses with 1 to 99 employees were slightly more affected.

Crossing the border during the pandemic: 2020 in review

Release date: February 23, 2021

This paper presents a numerical portrait of the pandemic's impact on travel and tourism during 2020. It involves an examination of those data produced directly by the Canadian Centre for Tourism and Transportation Statistics.

Staying partially open: Trends in businesses' needs for personal protective equipment since October

Release date: February 12, 2021

This study examines businesses' demand for personal protective equipment, and concerns about lack of supply, using new data for December 2020 from the Personal Protective Equipment Survey.

Misinformation during the COVID-19 pandemic

Release date: February 2, 2021

Since the beginning of the pandemic, much information has circulated online and on social networks about COVID -19 and many Canadians have used online resources to get information on that matter. This article focuses on COVID-19 information viewed online by Canadians, in particular suspected information, information sharing, and verification strategies of information found online about COVID-19. Analysis are based on the fourth Canadian Perspectives Survey Series 4: Information sources consulted during the pandemic, (CPSS).

Changes to health, access to health services, and the ability to meet financial obligations among Indigenous people with long-term conditions or disabilities since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic

Release date: February 1, 2021

This paper uses crowdsourced data to provide an overview of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health, service access, and ability to meet basic needs of Indigenous participants with disabilities or long-term conditions. Changes in overall health and mental health are examined by disability type, age group and sex. The most commonly reported service disruptions since the start of the pandemic are also presented.

Postsecondary education planning before and during the COVID-19 lockdown

Release date: January 27, 2021

This article examines whether parental expectations of their children to attain further education and their plans for helping their children with the financial aspects of postsecondary education—through savings and other means—have changed since the arrival of COVID-19. The analysis is based on the Survey of Approaches to Educational Planning (SAEP), conducted between February 2 and June 20, 2020.

The impact of the pandemic on the solvency of corporations, third quarter 2020

Release date: January 18, 2021

This article examines the changes in the number of companies that filed under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and the Corporations' Creditors Arrangement Act from 2006 to the third quarter of 2020. The analysis highlights the number of firms filing for creditor protection, as well as the financial position of these firms before the onset of the pandemic.

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