Income and Expenditure Accounts Technical Series

    Human Resource Module of the Tourism Satellite Account - A Pilot Study for Ontario

    Conclusion and future work

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    The feasibility of extending the human resources module (HRM) to a regional dimension has been explored and has been successful for Ontario. While a small increase in volatility and in suppressions was experienced with the data for Ontario, it did not compromise the quality of the findings. However details for the air transportation industry group were lost.

    Another pilot is planned with a province of smaller population to explore the limits of the data and methodology used for the HRM, in particular to see if there would be a problematic increase in volatility. As well a pilot with a smaller province will require a more detailed look at the suitability of the selection process for main occupations.

    In addition, we plan to improve the methodology used by the HRM by implementing the following two changes starting with the national level:

    • Labour income information from self-employment is not available and must be imputed from mixed income. In the HRM, labour income is obtained by multiplying hours worked in self-employment by employee hourly labour income (wages plus supplementary labour income). This method assumes that the self-employed and paid employees earn the same on average. The inclusion of Supplementary Labour Income (SLI) as part of labour income for self-employed is planned to be reviewed in the future.1
    • Currently the HRM provides information on the total number of jobs due to the production of commodities in tourism industries whether the commodities are consumed by visitors or by local residents. However, this information does not separately identify the number of jobs due to the production for visitor's consumption from the production for local consumption. Work is currently underway to develop these estimates separately at the national level.


    1. The SLI has been included so that the earnings in the pilot are comparable with earnings for Canada in the HRM, 2007. See Ontario Employment Standards Act, 2000 and regulations 285/01 (sections 4 and 7) and 552/05 (section2).
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