Canada at a Glance 2018
Economy

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Table 20
Gross domestic product at basic prices, by industry
Table summary
This table displays the results of Gross domestic product at basic prices, by industry. 2012, 2014 and 2016, calculated using millions of 2007 chained dollars units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  2012 2014 2016
millions of 2007 chained dollars
All industries 1,560,152 1,645,554 1,684,239
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 23,823 25,798 27,831
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 124,136 141,258 137,139
Utilities 36,850 38,165 38,236
Construction 119,406 127,895 118,078
Manufacturing 168,638 173,092 174,416
Wholesale trade 88,008 94,071 95,250
Retail trade 81,037 86,419 91,779
Transportation and warehousing 65,623 70,797 74,782
Information and cultural industries 50,547 51,890 52,320
Finance and insurance 102,324 109,058 119,614
Real estate and rental and leasing 194,860 205,910 219,653
Professional, scientific and technical services 83,971 90,680 92,926
Management of companies and enterprises 11,380 11,297 11,287
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 41,301 43,243 42,940
Educational services 83,538 85,987 88,845
Health care and social assistance 105,644 107,420 112,613
Arts, entertainment and recreation 11,143 11,786 12,942
Accommodation and food services 32,056 35,146 36,543
Public administration 105,309 104,347 106,661
Other services 30,997 32,816 32,513

Chart 13 Real gross domestic product at market prices

Data Table for Chart 13
Data table for Chart 13
Table summary
This table displays the results of data for Chart 13. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Annual percent change (appearing as column headers).
Year Annual % change
1991 -2.1
1992 0.9
1993 2.7
1994 4.5
1995 2.7
1996 1.6
1997 4.3
1998 3.9
1999 5.2
2000 5.2
2001 1.8
2002 3.0
2003 1.8
2004 3.1
2005 3.2
2006 2.6
2007 2.1
2008 1.0
2009 -2.9
2010 3.1
2011 3.1
2012 1.7
2013 2.5
2014 2.9
2015 1.0
2016 1.4
Table 21
Exchange rates in Canadian dollars
Table summary
This table displays the results of Exchange rates in Canadian dollars. 1997, 2007 and 2017 (appearing as column headers).
  1997 2007 2017
United States dollar 1.385 1.074 1.298
Japanese yen 0.011 0.009 0.012
United Kingdom pound sterling 2.268 2.148 1.672
Mexican peso 0.175 0.098 0.069
European euro Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.469 1.465
Table 22
Consumer Price Index, selected components
Table summary
This table displays the results of Consumer Price Index, selected components. 1977 to 1986, 1987 to 1996, 1997 to 2006 and 2007 to 2016, calculated using percent change units of measure (appearing as column headers).
1977 to 1986 1987 to 1996 1997 to 2006 2007 to 2016
% change
All-items Consumer Price Index 7.7 2.9 2.1 1.6
Food 8.3 2.3 2.2 2.7
Shelter Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.8 2.5 1.7
Rented accommodation 5.7 2.8 1.2 1.3
Owned accommodation 7.1 2.6 2.4 1.6
Water, fuel and electricity 10.3 3.6 4.7 2.2
Electricity 7.7 4.4 2.4 3.3
Water 8.2 6.3 3.8 6.4
Natural gas 10.6 0.6 8.7 -2.5
Fuel oil and other fuels 12.3 3.3 7.7 0.4
Household operations Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.5 1.3 2.7
Household furnishings and equipment 5.8 1.6 0.3 0.2
Clothing and footwear 5.5 2.6 -0.2 -0.2
Transportation 8.5 3.7 2.7 1.0
Gasoline 10.3 2.2 5.7 -0.1
Health and personal care 7.3 3.0 1.6 1.5
Recreation, education and reading 6.5 3.7 1.1 1.0
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco products 10.8 3.6 6.0 2.5
Table 23
Retail sales, by industry
Table summary
This table displays the results of Retail sales, by industry. 2006, 2011 and 2016, calculated using millions of dollars units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  2006 2011 2016
millions of dollars
Retail trade 389,474 456,730 550,793
Motor vehicle and parts dealers 92,014 100,088 143,274
New car dealers 74,723 80,211 115,494
Used car dealers 4,666 5,884 9,801
Other motor vehicle dealers 7,382 7,034 9,394
Automotive parts, accessories and tire stores 5,242 6,959 8,585
Furniture stores 9,556 9,465 11,063
Home furnishings stores 5,199 5,548 6,940
Electronics and appliance stores 13,375 15,858 15,390
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers 24,850 26,917 32,821
Food and beverage stores 89,220 104,907 118,859
Supermarkets and other grocery (except convenience) stores 64,210 74,715 81,756
Beer, wine and liquor stores 15,143 18,700 22,395
Health and personal care stores 26,114 32,952 44,174
Gasoline stations 41,086 57,751 54,875
Clothing and clothing accessories stores 22,621 25,786 32,028
Sporting goods, hobby, book and music stores 9,252 10,596 12,393
General merchandise stores 46,023 55,997 64,769
Miscellaneous store retailers 10,165 10,866 14,208

Chart 14 Current account balances

Data Table for Chart 14
Data table for Chart 14
Table summary
This table displays the results of data for Chart 14. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Current account, Goods and services and Primary and secondary income, calculated using billions of dollars units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year Current account Goods and services Primary and secondary income
billions of dollars
2006 20.38 39.96 -19.57
2007 11.93 33.27 -21.34
2008 1.63 28.47 -26.83
2009 -46.19 -23.15 -23.05
2010 -60.00 -31.86 -28.14
2011 -49.08 -21.23 -27.85
2012 -65.68 -35.91 -29.77
2013 -61.12 -31.25 -29.88
2014 -47.78 -19.58 -28.20
2015 -71.53 -49.31 -22.22
2016 -65.37 -49.18 -16.19
Table 24
International transactions in securities
Table summary
This table displays the results of International transactions in securities. 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016, calculated using millions of dollars units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  2013 2014 2015 2016
millions of dollars
Canadian portfolio investment abroad 29,310 56,428 60,236 13,792
Foreign money market instruments 1,586 -88 -1,441 -1,604
Foreign bonds 21,421 20,709 36,314 -4,610
Foreign equity and investment fund shares 6,302 35,806 25,363 20,006
Foreign portfolio investment in Canada 57,264 92,814 117,527 171,766
Canadian money market instruments -2,521 -2,755 6,058 3,107
Canadian bonds 40,889 70,353 98,823 116,183
Canadian equity and investment fund shares 18,896 25,216 12,646 52,476

Chart 15 Canada's international investment position, market value

Data Table for Chart 15
Data table for Chart 15
Table summary
This table displays the results of data for Chart 15. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Assets, Liabilities and Net international investment position, calculated using billions of dollars units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year Assets Liabilities Net international investment position
billions of dollars
1996 750.18 1,081.95 -331.77
1997 914.82 1,208.05 -293.23
1998 1,096.51 1,307.13 -210.63
1999 1,214.22 1,325.16 -110.93
2000 1,336.51 1,399.30 -62.79
2001 1,351.30 1,447.11 -95.81
2002 1,272.08 1,437.40 -165.32
2003 1,339.67 1,540.51 -200.83
2004 1,494.16 1,657.14 -162.98
2005 1,641.06 1,820.87 -179.81
2006 1,984.84 2,047.30 -62.46
2007 2,065.99 2,249.59 -183.59
2008 1,854.49 2,002.23 -147.75
2009 2,067.09 2,288.73 -221.64
2010 2,241.81 2,543.19 -301.38
2011 2,221.66 2,524.39 -302.73
2012 2,447.76 2,774.61 -326.85
2013 2,964.71 2,978.08 -13.37
2014 3,377.72 3,372.54 5.19
2015 4,029.01 3,657.67 371.34
2016 4,308.17 4,099.34 208.83
 
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