Climate change statistics at Statistics Canada

Release date: May 16, 2023
Infographic: Climate change statistics at Statistics Canada
Description: Climate change statistics at Statistics Canada

Looking for data on climate change?
Statistics Canada has a wealth of information, including data on greenhouse gas emissions, the drivers and impacts of climate change, and the efforts to mitigate and to adapt to its consequences.Note 1 Here are some examples of the data we publish.

Emissions: Data on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and their human cause

Oil and gas extraction accounted for 22.4% of Canada's total GHG emissions in 2020, while households were responsible for 17.5%.Note 2

Main drivers: Data on key contributors to GHG emissions

In 2021, 23.9 million registered vehicles in Canada were fuelled by gasoline, up 5.2% from 2017.

Impacts: Data on the impacts of climate change on human and natural systems

In 2021, the western provinces experienced a significant drought, affecting the amount of crops that could be harvested and their quality. This contributed to a $1.1 billion increase in crop insurance payments in 2022.

Mitigation: Data on efforts to avoid the consequences of climate change

In 2020, businesses in Canada spent $140 million on research and development of renewable energy resource technologies, up $53 million from 2019.

Adaptation: Data on climate change adaptation measures

Percentage of Canadian towns and cities classed as green,Note * by province
Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentage of Canadian towns and cities classed as green 2000 to 2004
(five-year average) and 2018 to 2022
(five-year average) (appearing as column headers).
2000 to 2004
(five-year average)
2018 to 2022
(five-year average)
Canada 82.40% 74.50%
Newfoundland and Labrador 94.30% 92.10%
Prince Edward Island 97.00% 94.60%
Nova Scotia 95.70% 94.20%
New Brunswick 95.40% 94.80%
Quebec 88.00% 82.50%
Ontario 85.20% 77.20%
Manitoba 73.70% 56.50%
Saskatchewan 53.20% 44.30%
Alberta 62.20% 50.60%
British Columbia 83.30% 72.90%

Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian System of Environmental–Economic Accounts, 2020, Vehicle Registrations, 2017 and 2021, Farm Cash Receipts, 2022, Energy Research and Development Expenditures by Area of Technology, 2019 and 2020, and Canadian System of Environmental-Economic Accounting – Ecosystem Accounting, 2002 and 2022.

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