A portrait of Canada’s families in 2021
Description: A portrait of Canada’s families in 2021
In 2021, Canada’s families came in many shapes and sizes.
|Census family structure||Number||Distribution (in percent)|
|Couple families (married or common-law)||8,576,580||83.6|
|Couple families (married or common-law) – Without children||4,286,165||41.8|
|Couple families (married or common-law) – With children||4,290,415||41.8|
|Couple families (married or common-law) – With children – Two-parent non-stepfamilies||3,786,935||36.9|
|Couple families (married or common-law) – With children – Two-parent stepfamilies||503,475||4.9|
In Budget 2021, the federal government laid out a plan to provide Canadian parents with, on average, $10-a-day regulated child care spaces for children aged 0 to 5 years within the next five years.Note 1
According to the 2021 Census, 1,643,320 families had at least one child aged 0 to 5 years, representing 16% of all families in Canada.
|Geography||Proportion of census families that have children aged 0 to 5 years, 2021|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||11.7%table 2 Note ¥|
|Prince Edward Island||13.9%table 2 Note ¥|
|Nova Scotia||13.3%table 2 Note ¥|
|New Brunswick||13.0%table 2 Note ¥|
|Quebec||16.3%table 2 Note ǂ|
|Ontario||15.6%table 2 Note ¥|
|Manitoba||18.7%table 2 Note ǂ|
|Saskatchewan||19.1%table 2 Note ǂ|
|Alberta||18.9%table 2 Note ǂ|
|British Columbia||14.3%table 2 Note ¥|
|Yukon||18.4%table 2 Note ǂ|
|Northwest Territories||22.4%table 2 Note ǂ|
|Nunavut||38.4%table 2 Note ǂ|
In Nunavut, one-parent families represented one in three families, compared with one in seven families in British Columbia.
|Geography||Proportion of census families that are one-parent families|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||15.80%|
|Prince Edward Island||15.50%|
Did you know? Over the last century, the average census family size has decreased from 4.2 persons in 1931 to 2.9 persons in 2021.
Sources: 2021 Census of Population; Wargon, Sylvia T. 1979. “Canadian Households and Families: Recent Demographic Trends,” Census Analytical Study, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-753E.