Child care workers and their employment during the COVID-19 pandemic

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Infographic: Child care workers and their employment during the COVID-19 pandemic
Description: Child care workers and their employment during the COVID-19 pandemic

Child care workers and their employment during the COVID-19 pandemic

In 2019, nearly 302,000 individuals were employed as child care workers in Canada, making up 1.6% of the total employed population.

Child care workers are predominately women and close to one-third are immigrants or non-permanent residents.

Sex:

  • Women: 96%
  • Men: 4%

Immigrant status:

  • Non-immigrants: 67%
  • Immigrants: 29%
  • Non-permanent residents: 4%

Home child care providers (39%) were more likely to belong to a population group designated as a visible minority than early childhood educators and assistants (24%). Of all home child care providers, one in five were Filipino.

More than 7 in 10 child care workers had postsecondary education in 2016.

Early childhood educators and assistants were more likely to have education above the high school level (79%) than home child care providers (53%).

Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, employment among child care workers has decreased.

Total employment fell by 6% in March 2020. However, employment decreased more sharply among child care workers (-21%).

In February 2021, employment among child care workers was still 21% lower than in February 2020, before the pandemic. In comparison, total employment in Canada decreased by 3% over the same period.


Percentage change in employment compared with February 2020 (seasonally unadjusted)
Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentage change in employment compared with February 2020 (seasonally unadjusted) All other occupations and Child care workers (appearing as column headers).
All other occupations Child care workers
March 2020 -6 -21
April 2020 -15 -36
May 2020 -12 -38
June 2020 -6 -28
July 2020 -4 -25
August 2020 -3 -20
September 2020 -2 -13
October 2020 -2 -12
November 2020 -2 -12
December 2020 -2 -8
January 2021 -5 -16
February 2021 -3 -21

Note: Child care workers include early childhood educators and assistants as well as home child care providers.

Sources: Uppal, S. and K. Savage. 2021. “Child care workers in Canada.” Insights on Canadian Society. June. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-006-X; Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 2016, Labour Force Survey, 2020 and 2021.

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