Police-reported crime in Canada, 2018

Release date: July 22, 2019
Infographic: Police-reported crime in Canada, 2018
Description: Police-reported crime in Canada, 2018

Police-reported crime in Canada, 2018

The Crime Severity Index (CSI)Footnote 1 was 2% higher than in 2017, marking the 4th consecutive increase after 11 years of declines. The rise in Canada's CSI in 2018 was the result of increases in numerous offences, most notably, fraud, sexual assault (level 1), shoplifting of $5,000 and under, and theft over $5,000.

CSI by year
Year CSI
2004 104.1
2005 101.3
2006 100.0
2007 95.3
2008 90.6
2009 87.8
2010 82.9
2011 77.6
2012 75.5
2013 68.9
2014 66.9
2015 70.4
2016 72.0
2017 73.6
2018 75.0

In 2018, seven provinces and territories reported higher CSIsFootnote 1 and four reported a decrease.

CSI by Province or territory
Province or territory CSIFootnote 1 value Change in CSIFootnote 1, 2017 to 2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 65.9 +4%
Prince Edward Island 53.7 +17%
Nova Scotia 65.2 -2%
New Brunswick 71.8 +4%
Quebec 56.6 -2%
Ontario 60.0 +6%
Manitoba 125.8 +6%
Saskatchewan 139.2 -3%
Alberta 112.1 0%
British Columbia 87.7 0%
Yukon 170.3 -7%
Northwest Territories 324.4 +5%
Nunavut 319.9 +6%

Crimes affecting the CSI include:

Increases in the rate of offence
Type of offence Rate
Fraud +13%
Sexual assault (level 1) +15%
Shoplifting $5,000 or under +14%
Theft over $5,000 +15%
Decreases in the rate of offence
Type of offence Rate
Breaking and entering -1%
Robbery -3%
Mischief -3%

After two years of discussion around sexual misconduct and unfounded sexual assaults, the police-reported rate of sexual assault continued to increase.

  • +15% in sexual assault
  • 11% classified as unfoundedFootnote 2 in 2018 compared to 14% in 2017

The rate of methamphetamine offences grew by 13%.

Police reported 2,490 opioid offences (excluding heroin) in 2018.

Rate of extortion in Canada up 44% in 2018, continuing the rise since 2012.

651 victims of homicide in Canada, 15 fewer than in 2017

Victims of homocide in Canada
VictimsFootnote 3 Number Homicide rate per 100,000 population
Indigenous male victims 96 10.14
Indigenous female victims 44 4.54
Non-Indigenous male victims 388 2.23
Non-Indigenous female victims 119 0.67

Source: Statistics Canada Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey and Homicide Survey. "Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2018." Juristat. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

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