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Heating equipment and fuel
- Furnaces were the most common type of heating system used by Canadian households (57%), followed by electric baseboards (27%) and boilers (5%).
- Natural gas was the main heating fuel in 50% of Canadian homes.
- Electricity was the second most common fuel source, used by 39% of households across Canada.
- Electric heating was most commonly reported by households in Quebec (85%), Newfoundland and Labrador (71%) and New Brunswick (66%).
- Heating oil was more frequently used by households in Prince Edward Island (76%) and Nova Scotia (54%).
- Canadian households used 1.4 million terajoules (TJ) of energy in their homes in 2011, up 4% from 2007.
- An average household’s energy consumption in 2011 was 105 gigajoules (GJ).
- Households in Prince Edward Island had the highest average energy consumption (142 GJ) followed by Alberta (130 GJ).
- Households in Quebec (95 GJ) and New Brunswick (92 GJ) had the lowest average energy consumption.
Characteristics of households and dwellings
- Average household energy consumption was lower for apartment dwellers (40 GJ) than those in single detached dwellings (134 GJ).
- Households that rented consumed less energy than those who owned their dwelling; 53 GJ compared to 123 GJ. The majority of households that rented lived in apartments.
Energy-saving and retrofitting practices
- In 2011, 82% of households used at least one practice to conserve energy.
- The most widely used energy-saving practices were washing laundry in cold water and turning off computer monitors when not in use; 58% of households used each of these practices.
- At least one Energy Star appliance was used in 71% of households in Canada in 2011.
- Between 2008 and 2011, 37% of households that owned their dwelling made at least one improvement to their dwelling to improve their energy efficiency.