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Heating equipment and fuel

  1. Furnaces were the most common type of heating system used by Canadian households (57%), followed by electric baseboards (27%) and boilers (5%).
  2. Natural gas was the main heating fuel in 50% of Canadian homes.
  3. Electricity was the second most common fuel source, used by 39% of households across Canada.
  4. Electric heating was most commonly reported by households in Quebec (85%), Newfoundland and Labrador (71%) and New Brunswick (66%).
  5. Heating oil was more frequently used by households in Prince Edward Island (76%) and Nova Scotia (54%).

Energy consumption

  1. Canadian households used 1.4 million terajoules (TJ) of energy in their homes in 2011, up 4% from 2007.
  2. An average household’s energy consumption in 2011 was 105 gigajoules (GJ).
  3. Households in Prince Edward Island had the highest average energy consumption (142 GJ) followed by Alberta (130 GJ).
  4. Households in Quebec (95 GJ) and New Brunswick (92 GJ) had the lowest average energy consumption.

Characteristics of households and dwellings

  1. Average household energy consumption was lower for apartment dwellers (40 GJ) than those in single detached dwellings (134 GJ).
  2. Households that rented consumed less energy than those who owned their dwelling; 53 GJ compared to 123 GJ. The majority of households that rented lived in apartments.

Energy-saving and retrofitting practices

  1. In 2011, 82% of households used at least one practice to conserve energy.
  2. The most widely used energy-saving practices were washing laundry in cold water and turning off computer monitors when not in use; 58% of households used each of these practices.
  3. At least one Energy Star appliance was used in 71% of households in Canada in 2011.
  4. Between 2008 and 2011, 37% of households that owned their dwelling made at least one improvement to their dwelling to improve their energy efficiency.
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