Housing costs and affordability

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  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019054

    A dream of many Canadians is to someday own their own home. Canadians work hard to achieve this goal and most take on debt for that reason. Using data from the Survey on Financial Security, this infographic describes trends in homeownership and mortgage debt from 1999 to 2016.

    Release date: 2019-08-08

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2019002

    This paper describes a new methodology that Statistics Canada has adopted to measure the rent index.

    Release date: 2019-02-27

  • Stats in brief: 97-554-X2006001

    This report provides information on homeownership and shelter costs in Canada from the 2006 Census. Topics include homeownership, the presence of a mortgage, condominium status, housing life cycle (or housing career), shelter costs and housing affordability. The report looks at the impact on several key groups: households in lower income groups, persons living alone, lone-parent households, seniors, immigrants and recent immigrants. Geographical differences are considered for provinces, territories and selected census metropolitan areas. The 2006 Census data showed that homeownership rose between 2001 and 2006, continuing an upward trend that began in 1991.

    Release date: 2008-06-11

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200810113202
    Geography: Canada

    Since shelter is the biggest expenditure most households make, its affordability can have a big impact on their wellbeing. Measuring affordability involves comparing housing costs with a household's ability to meet them. Up to now, affordability has been measured at a particular time. New information enables a first-ever longitudinal review of housing affordability. This article examines the likelihood of spending 30% or more of household income on shelter, how often this occurs and whether it is occasional or persistent.

    Release date: 2008-03-18

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2008001

    Shelter is the biggest expenditure most households make and its affordability can have an impact on the wellbeing of household members. For this reason, housing affordability is closely watched by a wide range of stakeholders - from housing advocates to policy analysts - interested in the welfare of Canadians. Measuring affordability involves comparing housing costs to a household's ability to meet them. One common measure is the shelter-cost-to-income-ratio (STIR). The 30% level is commonly accepted as the upper limit for affordable housing. Housing affordability is also a critical input to Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation's core housing need indicator which is used by governments to help design, deliver, fund and evaluate social housing programs. This report, jointly authored by Statistics Canada and CMHC, focuses purely on the dynamics of housing affordability, not on core housing need. It examines the likelihood of spending 30% or more of household income on shelter, how often this occurs, whether it is occasional or persistent, and contrasts those spending 30% or more to those spending less. Cross-sectional estimates indicate that around 19% of Canadians lived in households spending more than the affordability benchmark in 2002. Longitudinally however, less than 9% lived in households that spent above the benchmark in each year between 2002 and 2004, while another 19% lived in households spending above the benchmark for either one or two years. The attributes associated with the highest probabilities of living in a household spending above the affordability benchmark were: living alone, being a female lone parent, renting, being an immigrant, or living in Vancouver or Toronto. In addition, those living in households experiencing some kind of transition between 2002 and 2004 period had a higher probability of exceeding the benchmark at least once during the period. Such transitions included renters with a change in rent-subsidy status, those who changed from owner to renter or vice versa, those who changed family type (for example, marrying or divorcing), and those who moved between cities. Notably, those experiencing these transitions did not exceed the benchmark persistently.

    Release date: 2008-01-25

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200611113174
    Geography: Canada

    A household's ability to afford housing has traditionally been measured using income information derived from the census. A household spending 30% or more of its income on shelter was considered to have a shelter-cost burden. The Survey of Household Spending provides an alternative denominator based on total household spending.

    Release date: 2006-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2006007

    This paper summarizes the data available from SLID on housing characteristics and shelter costs, with a special focus on the imputation methods used for this data. From 1994 to 2001, the survey covered only a few housing characteristics, primarily ownership status and dwelling type. In 2002, with the start of sponsorship from Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), several other characteristics and detailed shelter costs were added to the survey. Several imputation methods were also introduced at that time, in order to replace missing values due to survey non-response and to provide utility costs, which contribute to total shelter costs. These methods take advantage of SLID's longitudinal design and also use data from other sources such as the Labour Force Survey and the Census. In June 2006, further improvements in the imputation methods were introduced for 2004 and applied to past years in a historical revision. This report also documents that revision.

    Release date: 2006-07-26

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20050028451
    Geography: Canada

    Age brings limitations that affect where, how and with whom people live. One of the concerns that seniors may face is affordable housing. This may be a particular concern for those seniors who lose a spouse and are faced with reduced household income while shelter costs remain unchanged. Using data from the 2001 Census of Population and the 2002 General Social Survey (GSS), this article looks at who seniors live with and the affordability of their homes.

    Release date: 2005-09-13

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X200410713124
    Geography: Canada

    This article examines housing costs within the context of income and assets, focusing on elderly homeowners but including younger families and renters for comparison. The low-income dimension is also explored.

    Release date: 2004-09-21

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20021068442
    Geography: Canada

    This article examines how Canadians were housed in 2000. What percentage lived in owner-occupied homes? Were their homes in good condition? Was the size suitable for their needs? And, what proportion of their income was spent on housing?

    Release date: 2002-06-21
Reference (5)

Reference (5) ((5 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-554-G

    This guide focuses on the following demographic variable: Housing and dwelling characteristics.

    Release date: 2008-05-01

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 92-382-X

    This report discusses data quality pertaining to household variables (tenure, household maintainer, owner's major payments and gross rent) and dwelling characteristics (structural type of dwelling, number of rooms, number of bedrooms, period of construction, condition of dwelling and value of dwelling). The report also describes the various aspects of data processing that could impact data quality.

    Release date: 2003-12-18

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3123
    Description: The purpose of the survey is to collect tuition fees and living accommodation costs for all publicly funded universities and degree-granting colleges in Canada.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3507
    Description: This statistical activity is a cost recovery survey, funded in part by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. The data is used to measure the adequacy and affordability of housing in Canada.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5236
    Description: The Experimental New Condominium Apartment Price Index (NCAPI) is a quarterly series that measures changes over time in the contractors' selling prices of units in new condominium apartment buildings, where detailed specifications pertaining to each unit remain comparable between two consecutive periods.
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