Firm Networks, Borders and Regional Economic Integration - ARCHIVED

Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019009


While the presence of provincial border effects—the relative weakness of inter-provincial trade compared to intra-provincial trade—is well established, it remains unclear what underlies them. Parsing out the sources of the border effect is important, because it provides policy makers with much more information on where to direct their efforts. This paper takes a step in this direction by asking whether part of the border effect can be attributed to how multi-unit firms organize their production within and across provincial borders. Networks of operating units controlled by the same enterprise lower the cost of trade by shipping goods between units as value is added through the production chain or via the use of common upstream and downstream supply chains. Higher costs of operating these networks in multiple provinces may act as a barrier to firm networks. By combining measures of regional trade and firm networks over a nine-year period (2004 to 2012), the study tests these propositions.

Issue Number: 2019009
Author(s): Brown, W. Mark; Dar-Brodeur, Afshan; Tweedle, Jesse
FormatRelease dateMore information
HTMLApril 2, 2019
PDFApril 2, 2019