Chart 3
Foreign investment in Canadian debt securities, by sector of issuer

billions of dollars -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Dec. 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Dec. 2023 Federal governmentFederal government Provincial and municipal governmentsProvincial and municipal governments Government business enterprisesGovernment business enterprises Private corporationsPrivate corporations
Source(s):

Chart description


This is a column stacked chart.

Foreign investment in Canadian debt securities, by sector of issuer, billions of dollars
  Federal government Provincial and municipal governments Government business enterprises Private corporations
December 2018 -7.3 -2.1 -7.1 -11.1
January 2019 10.6 8.0 -0.7 2.8
February 2019 -1.3 -2.0 0.4 8.3
March 2019 -6.7 -3.8 1.7 7.0
April 2019 -0.4 -0.1 -0.9 -0.7
May 2019 7.5 -0.3 3.8 3.5
June 2019 -9.6 2.4 -5.1 9.6
July 2019 -10.8 -0.7 1.3 6.3
August 2019 1.2 3.6 0.4 1.0
September 2019 -2.7 -3.2 -1.8 4.3
October 2019 3.0 7.4 0.7 3.5
November 2019 5.5 3.3 0.9 -9.7
December 2019 -4.4 -6.7 -3.6 5.1
January 2020 3.1 5.3 3.8 11.6
February 2020 14.8 2.9 2.7 0.1
March 2020 1.8 -3.2 4.4 -2.6
April 2020 27.8 5.5 3.4 20.9
May 2020 13.3 5.5 4.0 10.7
June 2020 -0.5 -7.3 -4.9 4.5
July 2020 4.6 6.0 -1.8 -16.6
August 2020 8.2 0.5 2.3 2.0
September 2020 -0.3 -1.7 -2.0 5.9
October 2020 5.5 6.2 -0.2 -5.3
November 2020 11.5 3.0 -3.6 -2.6
December 2020 -1.3 0.1 -8.1 8.9
January 2021 -9.6 10.1 1.9 -5.9
February 2021 -11.1 0.3 5.5 4.2
March 2021 -0.5 2.3 0.5 -7.1
April 2021 7.5 4.4 -0.6 -3.8
May 2021 18.3 5.3 2.8 0.6
June 2021 12.1 2.5 -13.1 16.6
July 2021 8.1 6.1 -1.2 1.5
August 2021 11.6 -1.6 0.4 12.9
September 2021 -10.9 -3.1 2.3 28.3
October 2021 5.9 1.3 -2.1 16.8
November 2021 15.2 2.7 4.0 9.7
December 2021 12.8 2.4 -7.8 13.2
January 2022 -2.2 3.0 -0.2 20.4
February 2022 -8.2 -4.9 9.7 11.8
March 2022 9.0 -3.4 -9.2 36.9
April 2022 -0.4 -1.3 -1.1 25.5
May 2022 -4.8 -1.7 6.5 4.1
June 2022 -9.9 -5.3 -9.6 17.8
July 2022 4.4 -4.3 -1.1 18.3
August 2022 7.3 0.8 4.9 11.0
September 2022 -15.0 -1.5 1.8 -1.3
October 2022 2.2 -4.4 -3.5 15.1
November 2022 7.1 -0.4 -0.3 2.9
December 2022 11.9 -1.7 -1.3 14.2
January 2023 3.4 -7.2 4.6 9.4
February 2023 8.9 -5.8 1.0 9.0
March 2023 -14.8 -0.3 -1.5 3.4
April 2023 8.8 4.1 0.7 9.1
May 2023 17.0 1.8 -0.2 -4.3
June 2023 7.1 -0.4 3.2 8.9
July 2023 3.1 1.4 -3.0 13.1
August 2023 -4.2 1.0 0.0 0.4
September 2023 -10.0 -1.5 -5.7 0.5
October 2023 8.4 2.1 -0.6 -17.2
November 2023 10.4 -2.0 0.7 7.1
December 2023 3.0 2.3 -3.0 8.6
Source(s):
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