Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  October
2023
November
2023
Standard error1 October to November 2023 November 2022 to November 2023 October to November 2023 November 2022 to November 2023
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,303.2 7,314.5 ... 11.3 127.0 0.2 1.8
Labour force 4,752.2 4,767.5 16.0 15.3 129.2 0.3 2.8
Employment 4,521.1 4,519.6 16.2 -1.5 60.2 -0.0 1.3
Full-time employment 3,650.5 3,658.5 20.4 8.0 15.9 0.2 0.4
Unemployment 231.1 247.9 12.2 16.8 69.0 7.3 38.6
Participation rate 65.1 65.2 0.2 0.1 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.2 0.3 0.3 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 61.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 942.9 946.4 ... 3.5 33.7 0.4 3.7
Labour force 669.4 667.6 9.0 -1.8 26.6 -0.3 4.1
Employment 610.1 605.1 8.8 -5.0 12.3 -0.8 2.1
Unemployment 59.3 62.5 6.6 3.2 14.3 5.4 29.7
Participation rate 71.0 70.5 1.0 -0.5 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.9 9.4 1.0 0.5 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.7 63.9 1.0 -0.8 -1.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,164.5 3,169.1 ... 4.6 52.9 0.1 1.7
Labour force 2,171.2 2,169.3 9.0 -1.9 50.4 -0.1 2.4
Employment 2,058.7 2,059.2 9.6 0.5 16.0 0.0 0.8
Unemployment 112.5 110.1 7.6 -2.4 34.5 -2.1 45.6
Participation rate 68.6 68.5 0.3 -0.1 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.1 0.4 -0.1 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 65.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,195.9 3,199.0 ... 3.1 40.4 0.1 1.3
Labour force 1,911.6 1,930.5 9.0 18.9 52.1 1.0 2.8
Employment 1,852.3 1,855.3 9.3 3.0 31.9 0.2 1.7
Unemployment 59.2 75.2 6.8 16.0 20.2 27.0 36.7
Participation rate 59.8 60.3 0.3 0.5 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.1 3.9 0.4 0.8 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 58.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,936.5 12,971.4 ... 34.9 386.4 0.3 3.1
Labour force 8,470.3 8,464.8 20.8 -5.5 246.1 -0.1 3.0
Employment 7,945.9 7,952.4 20.0 6.5 201.9 0.1 2.6
Full-time employment 6,568.5 6,577.1 26.7 8.6 148.8 0.1 2.3
Unemployment 524.5 512.4 16.6 -12.1 44.2 -2.3 9.4
Participation rate 65.5 65.3 0.2 -0.2 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.1 0.2 -0.1 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 61.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,964.3 1,973.3 ... 9.0 109.3 0.5 5.9
Labour force 1,192.8 1,175.9 12.3 -16.9 2.9 -1.4 0.2
Employment 1,026.0 1,020.0 11.6 -6.0 -9.7 -0.6 -0.9
Unemployment 166.8 155.9 9.6 -10.9 12.6 -6.5 8.8
Participation rate 60.7 59.6 0.7 -1.1 -3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.0 13.3 0.8 -0.7 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 52.2 51.7 0.6 -0.5 -3.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,357.1 5,370.9 ... 13.8 148.9 0.3 2.9
Labour force 3,834.4 3,836.6 10.5 2.2 124.9 0.1 3.4
Employment 3,644.2 3,649.3 10.6 5.1 103.1 0.1 2.9
Unemployment 190.2 187.3 9.3 -2.9 21.8 -1.5 13.2
Participation rate 71.6 71.4 0.2 -0.2 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.9 0.2 -0.1 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 68.0 67.9 0.2 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,615.1 5,627.3 ... 12.2 128.3 0.2 2.3
Labour force 3,443.1 3,452.2 11.5 9.1 118.3 0.3 3.5
Employment 3,275.7 3,283.1 11.5 7.4 108.6 0.2 3.4
Unemployment 167.4 169.1 9.4 1.7 9.7 1.0 6.1
Participation rate 61.3 61.3 0.2 0.0 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.9 0.3 0.0 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 58.3 0.2 0.0 0.6 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,098.3 1,100.9 ... 2.6 30.8 0.2 2.9
Labour force 739.6 738.8 3.2 -0.8 26.5 -0.1 3.7
Employment 701.3 702.5 3.2 1.2 20.3 0.2 3.0
Full-time employment 573.6 579.4 4.3 5.8 15.4 1.0 2.7
Unemployment 38.3 36.4 2.6 -1.9 6.3 -5.0 20.9
Participation rate 67.3 67.1 0.3 -0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 4.9 0.4 -0.3 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 63.9 63.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 176.0 176.5 ... 0.5 8.6 0.3 5.1
Labour force 121.2 119.8 1.9 -1.4 5.1 -1.2 4.4
Employment 107.2 107.8 1.8 0.6 4.1 0.6 4.0
Unemployment 14.0 12.0 1.6 -2.0 1.0 -14.3 9.1
Participation rate 68.9 67.9 1.2 -1.0 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.6 10.0 1.3 -1.6 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 61.1 1.1 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 455.0 456.1 ... 1.1 12.1 0.2 2.7
Labour force 326.2 326.7 1.6 0.5 7.6 0.2 2.4
Employment 313.1 312.1 1.7 -1.0 2.4 -0.3 0.8
Unemployment 13.1 14.7 1.4 1.6 5.2 12.2 54.7
Participation rate 71.7 71.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 4.5 0.4 0.5 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 68.8 68.4 0.4 -0.4 -1.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 467.4 468.3 ... 0.9 10.0 0.2 2.2
Labour force 292.2 292.3 1.9 0.1 13.8 0.0 5.0
Employment 281.0 282.6 1.8 1.6 13.7 0.6 5.1
Unemployment 11.2 9.7 1.5 -1.5 0.0 -13.4 0.0
Participation rate 62.5 62.4 0.4 -0.1 1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 3.3 0.5 -0.5 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.1 60.3 0.4 0.2 1.6 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 932.4 934.2 ... 1.8 26.1 0.2 2.9
Labour force 629.3 635.9 3.0 6.6 25.0 1.0 4.1
Employment 601.7 603.2 3.0 1.5 19.5 0.2 3.3
Full-time employment 496.2 498.8 3.9 2.6 24.4 0.5 5.1
Unemployment 27.6 32.7 2.2 5.1 5.5 18.5 20.2
Participation rate 67.5 68.1 0.3 0.6 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 5.1 0.4 0.7 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 64.5 64.6 0.3 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 142.9 143.2 ... 0.3 6.2 0.2 4.5
Labour force 92.7 95.1 1.8 2.4 9.2 2.6 10.7
Employment 84.3 82.9 1.7 -1.4 4.7 -1.7 6.0
Unemployment 8.4 12.2 1.2 3.8 4.5 45.2 58.4
Participation rate 64.9 66.4 1.3 1.5 3.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.1 12.8 1.3 3.7 3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 59.0 57.9 1.2 -1.1 0.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 395.4 396.3 ... 0.9 10.4 0.2 2.7
Labour force 289.2 292.1 1.6 2.9 10.4 1.0 3.7
Employment 278.1 280.6 1.7 2.5 11.3 0.9 4.2
Unemployment 11.1 11.4 1.4 0.3 -1.0 2.7 -8.1
Participation rate 73.1 73.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 3.9 0.5 0.1 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 70.3 70.8 0.4 0.5 1.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 394.0 394.7 ... 0.7 9.4 0.2 2.4
Labour force 247.4 248.7 1.7 1.3 5.3 0.5 2.2
Employment 239.3 239.6 1.6 0.3 3.4 0.1 1.4
Unemployment 8.1 9.1 1.2 1.0 2.0 12.3 28.2
Participation rate 62.8 63.0 0.4 0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.3 3.7 0.5 0.4 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 60.7 60.7 0.4 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,808.2 3,821.9 ... 13.7 164.8 0.4 4.5
Labour force 2,639.1 2,653.5 11.5 14.4 111.4 0.5 4.4
Employment 2,487.0 2,495.9 11.4 8.9 98.8 0.4 4.1
Full-time employment 2,039.0 2,062.6 15.5 23.6 110.9 1.2 5.7
Unemployment 152.1 157.6 9.4 5.5 12.6 3.6 8.7
Participation rate 69.3 69.4 0.3 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.9 0.4 0.1 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 65.3 65.3 0.3 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 573.5 576.3 ... 2.8 34.4 0.5 6.3
Labour force 351.5 363.5 6.2 12.0 29.9 3.4 9.0
Employment 310.3 312.8 6.2 2.5 7.7 0.8 2.5
Unemployment 41.2 50.8 5.0 9.6 22.3 23.3 78.2
Participation rate 61.3 63.1 1.1 1.8 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.7 14.0 1.4 2.3 5.5 ... ...
Employment rate 54.1 54.3 1.1 0.2 -2.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,609.0 1,614.5 ... 5.5 65.9 0.3 4.3
Labour force 1,240.4 1,240.7 5.9 0.3 67.1 0.0 5.7
Employment 1,181.6 1,182.7 6.6 1.1 64.8 0.1 5.8
Unemployment 58.9 58.0 5.6 -0.9 2.3 -1.5 4.1
Participation rate 77.1 76.8 0.4 -0.3 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.7 0.5 0.0 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 73.4 73.3 0.4 -0.1 1.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,625.6 1,631.0 ... 5.4 64.4 0.3 4.1
Labour force 1,047.2 1,049.2 6.8 2.0 14.3 0.2 1.4
Employment 995.2 1,000.4 6.7 5.2 26.4 0.5 2.7
Unemployment 52.0 48.8 5.6 -3.2 -12.1 -6.2 -19.9
Participation rate 64.4 64.3 0.4 -0.1 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.7 0.5 -0.3 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 61.3 0.4 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,557.3 4,567.0 ... 9.7 122.3 0.2 2.8
Labour force 2,970.4 2,975.6 11.0 5.2 94.5 0.2 3.3
Employment 2,810.3 2,819.3 10.6 9.0 64.2 0.3 2.3
Full-time employment 2,249.3 2,255.8 14.6 6.5 69.4 0.3 3.2
Unemployment 160.1 156.3 8.4 -3.8 30.4 -2.4 24.1
Participation rate 65.2 65.2 0.2 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.3 0.3 -0.1 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 61.7 0.2 0.0 -0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 633.0 635.6 ... 2.6 33.5 0.4 5.6
Labour force 419.7 418.8 6.3 -0.9 18.4 -0.2 4.6
Employment 385.3 382.7 5.8 -2.6 23.5 -0.7 6.5
Unemployment 34.4 36.1 5.0 1.7 -5.1 4.9 -12.4
Participation rate 66.3 65.9 1.0 -0.4 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 8.6 1.2 0.4 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 60.2 1.0 -0.7 0.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,912.6 1,916.2 ... 3.6 45.0 0.2 2.4
Labour force 1,328.3 1,335.1 5.8 6.8 41.7 0.5 3.2
Employment 1,270.4 1,273.0 6.1 2.6 28.7 0.2 2.3
Unemployment 58.0 62.1 4.7 4.1 13.0 7.1 26.5
Participation rate 69.4 69.7 0.3 0.3 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.7 0.4 0.3 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 66.4 66.4 0.3 0.0 -0.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 2,011.7 2,015.3 ... 3.6 43.8 0.2 2.2
Labour force 1,222.3 1,221.7 6.4 -0.6 34.4 -0.0 2.9
Employment 1,154.6 1,163.5 6.2 8.9 11.9 0.8 1.0
Unemployment 67.8 58.2 4.7 -9.6 22.5 -14.2 63.0
Participation rate 60.8 60.6 0.3 -0.2 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 4.8 0.4 -0.7 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 57.4 57.7 0.3 0.3 -0.7 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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