Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  August
2022
September
2022
Standard error1 August to September 2022 September 2021 to September 2022 August to September 2022 September 2021 to September 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,165.4 7,173.6 ... 8.2 66.3 0.1 0.9
Labour force 4,588.0 4,579.9 16.5 -8.1 10.5 -0.2 0.2
Employment 4,380.3 4,380.5 16.8 0.2 72.7 0.0 1.7
Full-time employment 3,541.5 3,558.7 22.6 17.2 12.5 0.5 0.4
Unemployment 207.7 199.5 13.9 -8.2 -62.1 -3.9 -23.7
Participation rate 64.0 63.8 0.2 -0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.4 0.3 -0.1 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 61.1 0.2 0.0 0.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 908.9 910.4 ... 1.5 5.8 0.2 0.6
Labour force 621.7 625.7 9.4 4.0 -2.9 0.6 -0.5
Employment 579.6 577.1 9.3 -2.5 3.1 -0.4 0.5
Unemployment 42.1 48.6 7.4 6.5 -6.0 15.4 -11.0
Participation rate 68.4 68.7 1.0 0.3 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 7.8 1.2 1.0 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 63.4 1.0 -0.4 -0.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,106.4 3,109.9 ... 3.5 31.9 0.1 1.0
Labour force 2,108.9 2,089.3 8.9 -19.6 -14.5 -0.9 -0.7
Employment 2,008.8 2,000.4 9.7 -8.4 12.5 -0.4 0.6
Unemployment 100.1 88.8 8.3 -11.3 -27.1 -11.3 -23.4
Participation rate 67.9 67.2 0.3 -0.7 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.3 0.4 -0.4 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.7 64.3 0.3 -0.4 -0.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,150.1 3,153.3 ... 3.2 28.6 0.1 0.9
Labour force 1,857.3 1,865.0 9.5 7.7 28.0 0.4 1.5
Employment 1,791.8 1,802.9 9.6 11.1 57.1 0.6 3.3
Unemployment 65.5 62.1 7.9 -3.4 -29.1 -5.2 -31.9
Participation rate 59.0 59.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.3 0.4 -0.2 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 57.2 0.3 0.3 1.3 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,535.1 12,549.6 ... 14.5 181.8 0.1 1.5
Labour force 8,132.5 8,102.6 22.9 -29.9 -5.9 -0.4 -0.1
Employment 7,667.8 7,636.3 23.3 -31.5 136.6 -0.4 1.8
Full-time employment 6,306.1 6,309.6 30.6 3.5 148.2 0.1 2.4
Unemployment 464.7 466.3 19.9 1.6 -142.4 0.3 -23.4
Participation rate 64.9 64.6 0.2 -0.3 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.8 0.2 0.1 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 60.8 0.2 -0.4 0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,855.9 1,858.1 ... 2.2 6.7 0.1 0.4
Labour force 1,149.1 1,134.0 13.7 -15.1 -25.8 -1.3 -2.2
Employment 1,018.3 1,003.7 13.2 -14.6 -11.8 -1.4 -1.2
Unemployment 130.8 130.3 11.4 -0.5 -14.0 -0.4 -9.7
Participation rate 61.9 61.0 0.7 -0.9 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.4 11.5 0.9 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 54.9 54.0 0.7 -0.9 -0.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,199.7 5,206.3 ... 6.6 90.0 0.1 1.8
Labour force 3,702.4 3,687.6 11.5 -14.8 15.5 -0.4 0.4
Employment 3,534.8 3,517.5 12.3 -17.3 93.2 -0.5 2.7
Unemployment 167.6 170.1 11.0 2.5 -77.7 1.5 -31.4
Participation rate 71.2 70.8 0.2 -0.4 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.6 0.3 0.1 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 68.0 67.6 0.2 -0.4 0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,479.5 5,485.1 ... 5.6 85.0 0.1 1.6
Labour force 3,281.0 3,281.0 13.0 0.0 4.3 0.0 0.1
Employment 3,114.8 3,115.1 13.4 0.3 55.1 0.0 1.8
Unemployment 166.2 165.9 11.5 -0.3 -50.8 -0.2 -23.4
Participation rate 59.9 59.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.1 0.3 0.0 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 56.8 0.2 0.0 0.1 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,066.0 1,067.1 ... 1.1 14.8 0.1 1.4
Labour force 699.9 701.9 3.1 2.0 -0.4 0.3 -0.1
Employment 663.2 670.1 3.2 6.9 7.7 1.0 1.2
Full-time employment 541.5 541.3 4.4 -0.2 5.9 -0.0 1.1
Unemployment 36.8 31.8 2.5 -5.0 -8.1 -13.6 -20.3
Participation rate 65.7 65.8 0.3 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 4.5 0.3 -0.8 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 62.8 0.3 0.6 -0.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.7 167.7 ... 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.3
Labour force 117.2 112.9 1.8 -4.3 -0.2 -3.7 -0.2
Employment 106.3 104.3 1.8 -2.0 1.9 -1.9 1.9
Unemployment 10.9 8.7 1.5 -2.2 -2.0 -20.2 -18.7
Participation rate 69.9 67.3 1.1 -2.6 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.3 7.7 1.2 -1.6 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 63.4 62.2 1.1 -1.2 1.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 441.7 442.4 ... 0.7 8.1 0.2 1.9
Labour force 309.3 310.6 1.7 1.3 -5.2 0.4 -1.6
Employment 297.1 299.9 1.8 2.8 0.4 0.9 0.1
Unemployment 12.2 10.7 1.4 -1.5 -5.6 -12.3 -34.4
Participation rate 70.0 70.2 0.4 0.2 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.4 0.5 -0.5 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 67.3 67.8 0.4 0.5 -1.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 456.6 457.0 ... 0.4 6.2 0.1 1.4
Labour force 273.4 278.4 1.7 5.0 5.0 1.8 1.8
Employment 259.7 266.0 1.8 6.3 5.5 2.4 2.1
Unemployment 13.7 12.5 1.3 -1.2 -0.4 -8.8 -3.1
Participation rate 59.9 60.9 0.4 1.0 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.5 0.5 -0.5 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 58.2 0.4 1.3 0.4 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 902.6 904.4 ... 1.8 14.6 0.2 1.6
Labour force 603.4 596.2 3.2 -7.2 -7.9 -1.2 -1.3
Employment 574.2 572.0 3.2 -2.2 6.3 -0.4 1.1
Full-time employment 470.5 464.9 4.6 -5.6 8.1 -1.2 1.8
Unemployment 29.3 24.2 2.5 -5.1 -14.2 -17.4 -37.0
Participation rate 66.9 65.9 0.4 -1.0 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.1 0.4 -0.8 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.6 63.2 0.4 -0.4 -0.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 136.1 136.4 ... 0.3 2.1 0.2 1.6
Labour force 86.4 82.9 1.8 -3.5 -8.1 -4.1 -8.9
Employment 80.5 76.6 1.7 -3.9 -6.2 -4.8 -7.5
Unemployment 5.9 6.3 1.4 0.4 -2.0 6.8 -24.1
Participation rate 63.5 60.8 1.3 -2.7 -7.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 7.6 1.5 0.8 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.1 56.2 1.2 -2.9 -5.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 383.3 384.1 ... 0.8 6.9 0.2 1.8
Labour force 279.4 273.8 1.7 -5.6 -4.7 -2.0 -1.7
Employment 266.4 263.1 1.8 -3.3 3.8 -1.2 1.5
Unemployment 12.9 10.7 1.6 -2.2 -8.5 -17.1 -44.3
Participation rate 72.9 71.3 0.4 -1.6 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 3.9 0.6 -0.7 -3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 69.5 68.5 0.5 -1.0 -0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 383.3 383.9 ... 0.6 5.5 0.2 1.5
Labour force 237.7 239.5 1.8 1.8 4.9 0.8 2.1
Employment 227.3 232.3 1.8 5.0 8.6 2.2 3.8
Unemployment 10.4 7.2 1.3 -3.2 -3.7 -30.8 -33.9
Participation rate 62.0 62.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 3.0 0.5 -1.4 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 59.3 60.5 0.5 1.2 1.4 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,627.6 3,637.8 ... 10.2 87.6 0.3 2.5
Labour force 2,495.5 2,509.4 11.4 13.9 33.4 0.6 1.3
Employment 2,361.5 2,372.3 11.4 10.8 96.9 0.5 4.3
Full-time employment 1,929.8 1,916.7 16.3 -13.1 70.0 -0.7 3.8
Unemployment 134.0 137.0 10.2 3.0 -63.6 2.2 -31.7
Participation rate 68.8 69.0 0.3 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.5 0.4 0.1 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 65.2 0.3 0.1 1.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 536.4 538.3 ... 1.9 14.3 0.4 2.7
Labour force 342.7 335.6 6.3 -7.1 3.8 -2.1 1.1
Employment 306.5 302.4 5.9 -4.1 15.2 -1.3 5.3
Unemployment 36.2 33.2 5.6 -3.0 -11.3 -8.3 -25.4
Participation rate 63.9 62.3 1.2 -1.6 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.6 9.9 1.5 -0.7 -3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 56.2 1.1 -0.9 1.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,536.6 1,540.7 ... 4.1 36.0 0.3 2.4
Labour force 1,151.1 1,162.1 5.8 11.0 11.1 1.0 1.0
Employment 1,105.8 1,106.4 6.4 0.6 40.5 0.1 3.8
Unemployment 45.3 55.6 5.9 10.3 -29.5 22.7 -34.7
Participation rate 74.9 75.4 0.4 0.5 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.8 0.5 0.9 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 72.0 71.8 0.4 -0.2 1.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,554.7 1,558.8 ... 4.1 37.3 0.3 2.5
Labour force 1,001.7 1,011.7 7.0 10.0 18.5 1.0 1.9
Employment 949.2 963.6 6.8 14.4 41.3 1.5 4.5
Unemployment 52.5 48.1 5.7 -4.4 -22.9 -8.4 -32.3
Participation rate 64.4 64.9 0.5 0.5 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 4.8 0.6 -0.4 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 61.8 0.4 0.7 1.2 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,435.0 4,438.3 ... 3.3 71.2 0.1 1.6
Labour force 2,856.7 2,874.8 12.2 18.1 26.9 0.6 0.9
Employment 2,719.4 2,752.3 12.1 32.9 72.6 1.2 2.7
Full-time employment 2,162.6 2,173.1 18.1 10.5 101.0 0.5 4.9
Unemployment 137.4 122.5 10.1 -14.9 -45.7 -10.8 -27.2
Participation rate 64.4 64.8 0.3 0.4 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.3 0.3 -0.5 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 62.0 0.3 0.7 0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 601.6 601.7 ... 0.1 1.9 0.0 0.3
Labour force 378.7 382.3 7.1 3.6 -14.5 1.0 -3.7
Employment 343.0 349.4 6.8 6.4 -6.6 1.9 -1.9
Unemployment 35.7 32.9 5.8 -2.8 -7.9 -7.8 -19.4
Participation rate 62.9 63.5 1.2 0.6 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.4 8.6 1.4 -0.8 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.0 58.1 1.1 1.1 -1.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,866.4 1,868.0 ... 1.6 34.0 0.1 1.9
Labour force 1,284.9 1,292.5 6.3 7.6 3.7 0.6 0.3
Employment 1,234.8 1,246.9 6.6 12.1 24.2 1.0 2.0
Unemployment 50.0 45.6 5.8 -4.4 -20.5 -8.8 -31.0
Participation rate 68.8 69.2 0.3 0.4 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.5 0.4 -0.4 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 66.2 66.8 0.4 0.6 0.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,967.0 1,968.5 ... 1.5 35.2 0.1 1.8
Labour force 1,193.1 1,200.0 6.9 6.9 37.6 0.6 3.2
Employment 1,141.5 1,156.0 6.9 14.5 55.1 1.3 5.0
Unemployment 51.6 44.0 5.5 -7.6 -17.4 -14.7 -28.3
Participation rate 60.7 61.0 0.4 0.3 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 3.7 0.5 -0.6 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 58.7 0.4 0.7 1.8 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: