Chart 2
Foreign investment in Canadian debt securities, by sector of issuer

billions of dollars -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Nov. 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Nov. 2021 Federal governmentFederal government Provincial and municipal governmentsProvincial and municipal governments Government business enterprisesGovernment business enterprises Private corporationsPrivate corporations
Source(s):

Chart description


This is a column stacked chart.

Foreign investment in Canadian debt securities, by sector of issuer, billions of dollars
  Federal government Provincial and municipal governments Government business enterprises Private corporations
November 2016 2 -4 1 2
December 2016 -1 2 -4 0
January 2017 -8 2 2 9
February 2017 -3 2 4 -1
March 2017 0 0 2 8
April 2017 8 0 1 -3
May 2017 11 8 0 3
June 2017 -11 0 -1 9
July 2017 4 3 1 18
August 2017 3 3 1 4
September 2017 6 0 2 2
October 2017 5 0 0 13
November 2017 9 2 2 8
December 2017 -2 -1 -6 7
January 2018 -3 -1 1 8
February 2018 -11 4 3 5
March 2018 -14 2 5 14
April 2018 -8 3 2 9
May 2018 1 -1 5 1
June 2018 0 -1 -6 17
July 2018 4 2 -1 8
August 2018 -3 1 2 -6
September 2018 -1 -1 3 4
October 2018 3 2 -3 -1
November 2018 5 2 -2 2
December 2018 -7 -2 -7 -11
January 2019 11 8 -1 3
February 2019 -1 -2 0 8
March 2019 -7 -4 2 7
April 2019 0 0 -1 -1
May 2019 8 0 4 3
June 2019 -10 2 -5 10
July 2019 -11 -1 1 6
August 2019 1 4 0 1
September 2019 -3 -3 -2 4
October 2019 3 7 1 3
November 2019 6 3 1 -10
December 2019 -4 -7 -4 5
January 2020 3 5 4 12
February 2020 15 3 3 0
March 2020 2 -3 4 -3
April 2020 28 5 3 21
May 2020 13 5 4 11
June 2020 0 -7 -5 5
July 2020 5 6 -2 -17
August 2020 8 1 2 2
September 2020 0 -2 -2 6
October 2020 6 6 0 -5
November 2020 12 3 -4 -3
December 2020 -1 0 -8 9
January 2021 -10 10 2 -6
February 2021 -11 0 5 4
March 2021 -1 2 0 -7
April 2021 7 4 -1 -4
May 2021 18 5 3 1
June 2021 12 3 -13 17
July 2021 8 5 -1 3
August 2021 12 -2 0 13
September 2021 -11 -3 2 28
October 2021 5 1 -2 16
November 2021 15 2 4 10
Source(s):
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