Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  July
2020
August
2020
Standard error1 July to August 2020 August 2019 to August 2020 July to August 2020 August 2019 to August 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 187.5 187.7 ... 0.2 1.7 0.1 0.9
Labour force 121.4 122.0 0.9 0.6 -1.5 0.5 -1.2
Employment 107.2 109.1 1.0 1.9 -5.0 1.8 -4.4
Unemployment 14.2 12.8 0.5 -1.4 3.4 -9.9 36.2
Participation rate 64.7 65.0 0.5 0.3 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.7 10.5 0.4 -1.2 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 58.1 0.5 0.9 -3.2 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 382.2 382.9 ... 0.7 8.8 0.2 2.4
Labour force 253.3 259.6 1.4 6.3 0.6 2.5 0.2
Employment 225.6 233.5 1.5 7.9 -10.8 3.5 -4.4
Unemployment 27.7 26.1 0.8 -1.6 11.4 -5.8 77.6
Participation rate 66.3 67.8 0.4 1.5 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.9 10.1 0.3 -0.8 4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 59.0 61.0 0.4 2.0 -4.3 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 133.8 134.0 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.9
Labour force 88.6 88.4 0.9 -0.2 1.9 -0.2 2.2
Employment 81.3 82.2 0.9 0.9 0.4 1.1 0.5
Unemployment 7.3 6.2 0.4 -1.1 1.6 -15.1 34.8
Participation rate 66.2 66.0 0.7 -0.2 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 7.0 0.5 -1.2 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 61.3 0.7 0.5 -0.9 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 108.0 108.1 ... 0.1 1.1 0.1 1.0
Labour force 67.1 67.3 0.9 0.2 -3.8 0.3 -5.3
Employment 60.5 60.8 0.9 0.3 -5.1 0.5 -7.7
Unemployment 6.6 6.5 0.4 -0.1 1.3 -1.5 25.0
Participation rate 62.1 62.3 0.8 0.2 -4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.8 9.7 0.6 -0.1 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 56.0 56.2 0.8 0.2 -5.4 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.0 133.0 ... 0.0 -0.7 0.0 -0.5
Labour force 78.1 78.9 0.9 0.8 -1.9 1.0 -2.4
Employment 71.6 73.9 1.0 2.3 -1.8 3.2 -2.4
Unemployment 6.5 5.0 0.4 -1.5 -0.1 -23.1 -2.0
Participation rate 58.7 59.3 0.7 0.6 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 6.3 0.5 -2.0 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 53.8 55.6 0.7 1.8 -1.0 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 691.0 691.3 ... 0.3 3.6 0.0 0.5
Labour force 455.6 462.9 3.4 7.3 -11.4 1.6 -2.4
Employment 416.2 433.6 3.6 17.4 -28.1 4.2 -6.1
Unemployment 39.4 29.2 1.5 -10.2 16.6 -25.9 131.7
Participation rate 65.9 67.0 0.5 1.1 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 6.3 0.3 -2.3 3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 62.7 0.5 2.5 -4.4 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 190.2 190.4 ... 0.2 2.6 0.1 1.4
Labour force 119.6 119.9 1.2 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.5
Employment 109.2 110.2 1.1 1.0 -1.8 0.9 -1.6
Unemployment 10.4 9.8 0.5 -0.6 3.7 -5.8 60.7
Participation rate 62.9 63.0 0.6 0.1 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.2 0.4 -0.5 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.4 57.9 0.6 0.5 -1.7 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.7 135.8 ... 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.4
Labour force 80.0 81.6 0.8 1.6 2.2 2.0 2.8
Employment 72.2 75.4 0.8 3.2 0.4 4.4 0.5
Unemployment 7.8 6.2 0.4 -1.6 1.8 -20.5 40.9
Participation rate 59.0 60.1 0.6 1.1 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.8 7.6 0.4 -2.2 2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 53.2 55.5 0.6 2.3 0.0 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,563.5 3,567.3 ... 3.8 53.3 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,346.9 2,398.1 8.7 51.2 62.3 2.2 2.7
Employment 2,041.6 2,114.1 9.0 72.5 -89.6 3.6 -4.1
Unemployment 305.3 284.0 5.2 -21.3 151.9 -7.0 115.0
Participation rate 65.9 67.2 0.2 1.3 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.0 11.8 0.2 -1.2 6.1 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 59.3 0.3 2.0 -3.4 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,192.4 1,193.7 ... 1.3 21.0 0.1 1.8
Labour force 782.8 794.0 4.6 11.2 -24.1 1.4 -2.9
Employment 711.2 721.1 4.8 9.9 -58.9 1.4 -7.6
Unemployment 71.6 72.9 2.2 1.3 34.8 1.8 91.3
Participation rate 65.6 66.5 0.4 0.9 -3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.1 9.2 0.3 0.1 4.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.6 60.4 0.4 0.8 -6.1 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 284.3 284.5 ... 0.2 3.0 0.1 1.1
Labour force 180.9 183.1 1.4 2.2 -9.4 1.2 -4.9
Employment 164.5 168.3 1.5 3.8 -16.2 2.3 -8.8
Unemployment 16.4 14.8 0.7 -1.6 6.8 -9.8 85.0
Participation rate 63.6 64.4 0.5 0.8 -4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.1 8.1 0.4 -1.0 3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 59.2 0.5 1.3 -6.3 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 908.2 909.2 ... 1.0 17.9 0.1 2.0
Labour force 601.9 610.9 4.4 9.0 -14.7 1.5 -2.3
Employment 546.7 552.9 4.6 6.2 -42.5 1.1 -7.1
Unemployment 55.2 58.0 2.1 2.8 27.9 5.1 92.7
Participation rate 66.3 67.2 0.5 0.9 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.2 9.5 0.3 0.3 4.7 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 60.8 0.5 0.6 -6.0 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 147.9 148.0 ... 0.1 1.8 0.1 1.2
Labour force 90.2 91.5 0.8 1.3 -1.4 1.4 -1.5
Employment 80.0 82.3 0.9 2.3 -5.2 2.9 -5.9
Unemployment 10.2 9.2 0.3 -1.0 3.9 -9.8 73.6
Participation rate 61.0 61.8 0.6 0.8 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.3 10.1 0.4 -1.2 4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 54.1 55.6 0.6 1.5 -4.2 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 108.7 108.8 ... 0.1 1.2 0.1 1.1
Labour force 56.7 56.9 1.5 0.2 -7.5 0.4 -11.6
Employment 50.7 51.2 1.5 0.5 -10.4 1.0 -16.9
Unemployment 6.0 5.7 0.6 -0.3 2.9 -5.0 103.6
Participation rate 52.2 52.3 1.4 0.1 -7.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.6 10.0 1.0 -0.6 5.7 ... ...
Employment rate 46.6 47.1 1.3 0.5 -10.1 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 351.6 352.0 ... 0.4 5.8 0.1 1.7
Labour force 227.2 232.8 2.1 5.6 2.7 2.5 1.2
Employment 199.0 206.2 2.1 7.2 -12.2 3.6 -5.6
Unemployment 28.2 26.6 1.0 -1.6 14.9 -5.7 127.4
Participation rate 64.6 66.1 0.6 1.5 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.4 11.4 0.4 -1.0 6.3 ... ...
Employment rate 56.6 58.6 0.6 2.0 -4.5 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,683.1 5,690.7 ... 7.6 120.6 0.1 2.2
Labour force 3,613.6 3,729.9 11.9 116.3 12.6 3.2 0.3
Employment 3,082.3 3,211.8 11.9 129.5 -288.3 4.2 -8.2
Unemployment 531.3 518.1 7.0 -13.2 300.9 -2.5 138.5
Participation rate 63.6 65.5 0.2 1.9 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.7 13.9 0.2 -0.8 8.1 ... ...
Employment rate 54.2 56.4 0.2 2.2 -6.4 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 686.5 686.9 ... 0.4 7.8 0.1 1.1
Labour force 428.8 434.6 4.0 5.8 -5.6 1.4 -1.3
Employment 380.3 391.1 4.1 10.8 -27.7 2.8 -6.6
Unemployment 48.4 43.4 1.8 -5.0 22.0 -10.3 102.8
Participation rate 62.5 63.3 0.6 0.8 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.3 10.0 0.4 -1.3 5.1 ... ...
Employment rate 55.4 56.9 0.6 1.5 -4.8 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 361.1 361.3 ... 0.2 3.7 0.1 1.0
Labour force 199.6 206.2 2.3 6.6 -3.7 3.3 -1.8
Employment 174.7 182.9 2.3 8.2 -15.1 4.7 -7.6
Unemployment 25.0 23.3 1.0 -1.7 11.3 -6.8 94.2
Participation rate 55.3 57.1 0.6 1.8 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.5 11.3 0.5 -1.2 5.6 ... ...
Employment rate 48.4 50.6 0.6 2.2 -4.8 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 456.0 456.5 ... 0.5 7.4 0.1 1.6
Labour force 303.2 310.4 2.4 7.2 -8.0 2.4 -2.5
Employment 264.2 270.6 2.5 6.4 -28.9 2.4 -9.6
Unemployment 39.0 39.9 1.3 0.9 21.0 2.3 111.1
Participation rate 66.5 68.0 0.5 1.5 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.9 12.9 0.4 0.0 7.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 59.3 0.6 1.4 -7.4 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 119.6 119.7 ... 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 80.4 81.0 0.9 0.6 -3.5 0.7 -4.1
Employment 71.9 73.1 0.9 1.2 -8.0 1.7 -9.9
Unemployment 8.5 7.9 0.4 -0.6 4.6 -7.1 139.4
Participation rate 67.2 67.7 0.8 0.5 -3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.6 9.8 0.5 -0.8 5.9 ... ...
Employment rate 60.1 61.1 0.8 1.0 -7.5 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 142.4 142.6 ... 0.2 3.2 0.1 2.3
Labour force 99.5 99.0 1.3 -0.5 0.7 -0.5 0.7
Employment 85.8 88.0 1.3 2.2 -5.1 2.6 -5.5
Unemployment 13.7 11.0 0.6 -2.7 5.8 -19.7 111.5
Participation rate 69.9 69.4 0.9 -0.5 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.8 11.1 0.6 -2.7 5.8 ... ...
Employment rate 60.3 61.7 0.9 1.4 -5.1 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 454.3 454.7 ... 0.4 6.8 0.1 1.5
Labour force 272.4 276.5 2.6 4.1 13.7 1.5 5.2
Employment 243.9 250.8 2.7 6.9 4.5 2.8 1.8
Unemployment 28.6 25.7 1.2 -2.9 9.2 -10.1 55.8
Participation rate 60.0 60.8 0.6 0.8 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.5 9.3 0.4 -1.2 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 53.7 55.2 0.6 1.5 0.2 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 299.4 299.6 ... 0.2 4.1 0.1 1.4
Labour force 168.1 171.3 2.0 3.2 -7.5 1.9 -4.2
Employment 147.1 153.9 2.0 6.8 -14.0 4.6 -8.3
Unemployment 21.0 17.3 1.0 -3.7 6.4 -17.6 58.7
Participation rate 56.1 57.2 0.7 1.1 -3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.5 10.1 0.6 -2.4 4.0 ... ...
Employment rate 49.1 51.4 0.7 2.3 -5.4 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 183.3 183.5 ... 0.2 3.2 0.1 1.8
Labour force 135.0 136.5 1.9 1.5 11.2 1.1 8.9
Employment 121.9 124.0 2.0 2.1 5.2 1.7 4.4
Unemployment 13.1 12.5 1.0 -0.6 6.0 -4.6 92.3
Participation rate 73.6 74.4 1.0 0.8 4.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.7 9.2 0.8 -0.5 4.0 ... ...
Employment rate 66.5 67.6 1.1 1.1 1.7 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.0 141.0 ... 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.1
Labour force 84.4 85.1 0.8 0.7 -4.4 0.8 -4.9
Employment 76.7 77.9 0.9 1.2 -6.7 1.6 -7.9
Unemployment 7.8 7.3 0.4 -0.5 2.4 -6.4 49.0
Participation rate 59.9 60.4 0.6 0.5 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.2 8.6 0.4 -0.6 3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 54.4 55.2 0.6 0.8 -4.7 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.4 104.3 ... -0.1 -0.4 -0.1 -0.4
Labour force 59.5 61.0 0.6 1.5 -4.4 2.5 -6.7
Employment 53.4 55.5 0.6 2.1 -5.7 3.9 -9.3
Unemployment 6.1 5.6 0.3 -0.5 1.4 -8.2 33.3
Participation rate 57.0 58.5 0.6 1.5 -4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.3 9.2 0.4 -1.1 2.8 ... ...
Employment rate 51.1 53.2 0.6 2.1 -5.3 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 706.1 706.6 ... 0.5 9.1 0.1 1.3
Labour force 470.8 477.8 1.5 7.0 8.6 1.5 1.8
Employment 418.4 428.0 1.6 9.6 -15.6 2.3 -3.5
Unemployment 52.4 49.8 0.9 -2.6 24.2 -5.0 94.5
Participation rate 66.7 67.6 0.2 0.9 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.1 10.4 0.2 -0.7 4.9 ... ...
Employment rate 59.3 60.6 0.2 1.3 -3.0 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 215.9 216.1 ... 0.2 3.6 0.1 1.7
Labour force 142.7 145.3 1.1 2.6 -6.5 1.8 -4.3
Employment 127.7 131.8 1.1 4.1 -12.1 3.2 -8.4
Unemployment 15.0 13.5 0.6 -1.5 5.6 -10.0 70.9
Participation rate 66.1 67.2 0.5 1.1 -4.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.5 9.3 0.4 -1.2 4.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.1 61.0 0.5 1.9 -6.7 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 281.4 281.8 ... 0.4 6.0 0.1 2.2
Labour force 190.2 192.1 1.2 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.7
Employment 166.0 171.4 1.2 5.4 -8.3 3.3 -4.6
Unemployment 24.2 20.8 0.7 -3.4 9.8 -14.0 89.1
Participation rate 67.6 68.2 0.4 0.6 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.7 10.8 0.4 -1.9 5.0 ... ...
Employment rate 59.0 60.8 0.4 1.8 -4.4 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,300.8 1,302.6 ... 1.8 27.6 0.1 2.2
Labour force 916.0 936.2 4.7 20.2 -10.5 2.2 -1.1
Employment 774.4 801.3 4.9 26.9 -76.5 3.5 -8.7
Unemployment 141.7 134.9 3.2 -6.8 65.9 -4.8 95.5
Participation rate 70.4 71.9 0.4 1.5 -2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.5 14.4 0.3 -1.1 7.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 61.5 0.4 2.0 -7.3 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,210.1 1,211.6 ... 1.5 24.6 0.1 2.1
Labour force 814.6 829.4 4.5 14.8 -19.4 1.8 -2.3
Employment 692.4 716.8 4.8 24.4 -68.9 3.5 -8.8
Unemployment 122.2 112.6 3.1 -9.6 49.5 -7.9 78.4
Participation rate 67.3 68.5 0.4 1.2 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.0 13.6 0.4 -1.4 6.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 59.2 0.4 2.0 -7.0 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 169.6 170.0 ... 0.4 3.8 0.2 2.3
Labour force 110.2 108.8 1.6 -1.4 -2.4 -1.3 -2.2
Employment 99.2 98.9 1.5 -0.3 -7.4 -0.3 -7.0
Unemployment 11.0 9.8 0.7 -1.2 4.9 -10.9 100.0
Participation rate 65.0 64.0 1.0 -1.0 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.0 9.0 0.6 -1.0 4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 58.5 58.2 0.9 -0.3 -5.8 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 161.5 161.9 ... 0.4 4.4 0.2 2.8
Labour force 100.0 101.8 0.9 1.8 -3.5 1.8 -3.3
Employment 91.8 93.5 0.9 1.7 -6.5 1.9 -6.5
Unemployment 8.3 8.3 0.4 0.0 2.9 0.0 53.7
Participation rate 61.9 62.9 0.6 1.0 -4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 8.2 0.4 -0.1 3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 57.8 0.6 1.0 -5.7 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,316.6 2,320.1 ... 3.5 47.5 0.2 2.1
Labour force 1,464.4 1,498.7 6.3 34.3 -48.5 2.3 -3.1
Employment 1,269.5 1,307.4 6.5 37.9 -170.4 3.0 -11.5
Unemployment 194.9 191.3 3.7 -3.6 121.9 -1.8 175.6
Participation rate 63.2 64.6 0.3 1.4 -3.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.3 12.8 0.2 -0.5 8.3 ... ...
Employment rate 54.8 56.4 0.3 1.6 -8.6 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 326.7 327.2 ... 0.5 6.3 0.2 2.0
Labour force 206.5 210.6 1.9 4.1 7.4 2.0 3.6
Employment 183.6 189.0 1.9 5.4 -7.5 2.9 -3.8
Unemployment 22.9 21.6 0.7 -1.3 14.9 -5.7 222.4
Participation rate 63.2 64.4 0.6 1.2 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.1 10.3 0.3 -0.8 7.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.2 57.8 0.6 1.6 -3.4 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
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