Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  July
2020
August
2020
Standard error1 July to August 2020 August 2019 to August 2020 July to August 2020 August 2019 to August 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,119.9 7,125.1 ... 5.2 64.8 0.1 0.9
Labour force 4,576.8 4,592.6 17.3 15.8 10.8 0.3 0.2
Employment 4,140.0 4,194.2 19.0 54.2 -170.6 1.3 -3.9
Full-time employment 3,370.0 3,430.9 23.4 60.9 -113.9 1.8 -3.2
Unemployment 436.8 398.4 16.1 -38.4 181.4 -8.8 83.6
Participation rate 64.3 64.5 0.2 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 8.7 0.3 -0.8 4.0 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 58.9 0.3 0.8 -2.9 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 889.9 889.8 ... -0.1 -4.5 0.0 -0.5
Labour force 609.8 638.6 9.0 28.8 5.3 4.7 0.8
Employment 500.7 530.5 9.3 29.8 -44.7 6.0 -7.8
Unemployment 109.2 108.1 8.6 -1.1 50.1 -1.0 86.4
Participation rate 68.5 71.8 1.0 3.3 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 17.9 16.9 1.3 -1.0 7.7 ... ...
Employment rate 56.3 59.6 1.0 3.3 -4.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,082.2 3,085.1 ... 2.9 38.6 0.1 1.3
Labour force 2,111.1 2,096.0 10.0 -15.1 5.3 -0.7 0.3
Employment 1,937.8 1,954.9 11.6 17.1 -43.1 0.9 -2.2
Unemployment 173.3 141.1 9.8 -32.2 48.5 -18.6 52.4
Participation rate 68.5 67.9 0.3 -0.6 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 6.7 0.5 -1.5 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.9 63.4 0.4 0.5 -2.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,147.8 3,150.1 ... 2.3 30.7 0.1 1.0
Labour force 1,855.9 1,858.0 10.1 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Employment 1,701.6 1,708.8 11.1 7.2 -82.7 0.4 -4.6
Unemployment 154.3 149.3 9.2 -5.0 82.9 -3.2 124.8
Participation rate 59.0 59.0 0.3 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 8.0 0.5 -0.3 4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 54.1 54.2 0.4 0.1 -3.2 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,333.1 12,341.6 ... 8.5 179.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 7,813.8 7,910.4 25.7 96.6 -17.8 1.2 -0.2
Employment 6,927.2 7,069.0 25.0 141.8 -416.4 2.0 -5.6
Full-time employment 5,647.0 5,760.6 31.0 113.6 -324.5 2.0 -5.3
Unemployment 886.6 841.4 22.1 -45.2 398.5 -5.1 90.0
Participation rate 63.4 64.1 0.2 0.7 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.3 10.6 0.3 -0.7 5.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.2 57.3 0.2 1.1 -4.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,843.9 1,843.2 ... -0.7 9.8 0.0 0.5
Labour force 1,099.5 1,111.3 14.9 11.8 -21.6 1.1 -1.9
Employment 786.8 803.2 13.8 16.4 -191.1 2.1 -19.2
Unemployment 312.7 308.0 12.8 -4.7 169.4 -1.5 122.2
Participation rate 59.6 60.3 0.8 0.7 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 28.4 27.7 1.1 -0.7 15.5 ... ...
Employment rate 42.7 43.6 0.8 0.9 -10.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,082.8 5,087.4 ... 4.6 87.2 0.1 1.7
Labour force 3,549.1 3,600.6 13.2 51.5 20.6 1.5 0.6
Employment 3,252.4 3,303.2 13.4 50.8 -115.7 1.6 -3.4
Unemployment 296.8 297.4 12.2 0.6 136.3 0.2 84.6
Participation rate 69.8 70.8 0.3 1.0 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.4 8.3 0.3 -0.1 3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 64.0 64.9 0.3 0.9 -3.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,406.5 5,411.0 ... 4.5 82.3 0.1 1.5
Labour force 3,165.1 3,198.5 14.6 33.4 -16.8 1.1 -0.5
Employment 2,888.0 2,962.6 14.4 74.6 -109.6 2.6 -3.6
Unemployment 277.1 235.9 12.1 -41.2 92.7 -14.9 64.7
Participation rate 58.5 59.1 0.3 0.6 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 7.4 0.4 -1.4 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 53.4 54.8 0.3 1.4 -2.9 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,046.8 1,047.2 ... 0.4 7.8 0.0 0.8
Labour force 685.3 693.1 3.3 7.8 0.2 1.1 0.0
Employment 629.1 637.2 3.3 8.1 -17.3 1.3 -2.6
Full-time employment 501.8 507.5 4.4 5.7 -22.6 1.1 -4.3
Unemployment 56.3 56.0 2.7 -0.3 17.6 -0.5 45.8
Participation rate 65.5 66.2 0.3 0.7 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 8.1 0.4 -0.1 2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.1 60.8 0.3 0.7 -2.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 166.3 166.1 ... -0.2 -0.8 -0.1 -0.5
Labour force 106.3 109.1 1.9 2.8 -2.1 2.6 -1.9
Employment 87.7 92.1 1.8 4.4 -4.3 5.0 -4.5
Unemployment 18.5 17.0 1.6 -1.5 2.3 -8.1 15.6
Participation rate 63.9 65.7 1.1 1.8 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 17.4 15.6 1.4 -1.8 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 52.7 55.4 1.1 2.7 -2.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 432.6 432.9 ... 0.3 4.1 0.1 1.0
Labour force 315.5 316.1 1.7 0.6 2.0 0.2 0.6
Employment 294.6 293.8 1.8 -0.8 -6.5 -0.3 -2.2
Unemployment 20.9 22.2 1.6 1.3 8.4 6.2 60.9
Participation rate 72.9 73.0 0.4 0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.6 7.0 0.5 0.4 2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 68.1 67.9 0.4 -0.2 -2.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 447.8 448.1 ... 0.3 4.4 0.1 1.0
Labour force 263.6 267.9 1.8 4.3 0.2 1.6 0.1
Employment 246.7 251.2 1.9 4.5 -6.6 1.8 -2.6
Unemployment 16.8 16.7 1.5 -0.1 6.8 -0.6 68.7
Participation rate 58.9 59.8 0.4 0.9 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 6.2 0.5 -0.2 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 55.1 56.1 0.4 1.0 -2.0 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 893.6 893.9 ... 0.3 3.7 0.0 0.4
Labour force 604.2 603.4 2.9 -0.8 -9.9 -0.1 -1.6
Employment 551.1 555.8 3.0 4.7 -26.5 0.9 -4.6
Full-time employment 455.4 456.6 3.9 1.2 -15.7 0.3 -3.3
Unemployment 53.1 47.7 2.6 -5.4 16.7 -10.2 53.9
Participation rate 67.6 67.5 0.3 -0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 7.9 0.4 -0.9 2.8 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 62.2 0.3 0.5 -3.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.4 131.4 ... 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1
Labour force 86.5 84.3 1.6 -2.2 -1.0 -2.5 -1.2
Employment 70.8 71.3 1.5 0.5 -3.9 0.7 -5.2
Unemployment 15.7 12.9 1.5 -2.8 2.7 -17.8 26.5
Participation rate 65.8 64.2 1.2 -1.6 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 18.2 15.3 1.7 -2.9 3.3 ... ...
Employment rate 53.9 54.3 1.2 0.4 -2.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 381.7 381.8 ... 0.1 1.8 0.0 0.5
Labour force 285.0 283.9 1.5 -1.1 -1.4 -0.4 -0.5
Employment 262.6 264.3 1.7 1.7 -10.9 0.6 -4.0
Unemployment 22.4 19.6 1.6 -2.8 9.5 -12.5 94.1
Participation rate 74.7 74.4 0.4 -0.3 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 6.9 0.5 -1.0 3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 68.8 69.2 0.5 0.4 -3.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 380.6 380.7 ... 0.1 2.1 0.0 0.6
Labour force 232.7 235.2 1.6 2.5 -7.4 1.1 -3.1
Employment 217.8 220.1 1.6 2.3 -11.9 1.1 -5.1
Unemployment 14.9 15.1 1.3 0.2 4.4 1.3 41.1
Participation rate 61.1 61.8 0.4 0.7 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 6.4 0.5 0.0 2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 57.8 0.4 0.6 -3.5 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,578.0 3,580.1 ... 2.1 46.1 0.1 1.3
Labour force 2,472.2 2,456.2 12.3 -16.0 -68.9 -0.6 -2.7
Employment 2,156.1 2,165.8 12.6 9.7 -176.9 0.4 -7.6
Full-time employment 1,747.9 1,756.1 15.5 8.2 -160.3 0.5 -8.4
Unemployment 316.1 290.4 11.6 -25.7 108.0 -8.1 59.2
Participation rate 69.1 68.6 0.3 -0.5 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.8 11.8 0.5 -1.0 4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.3 60.5 0.4 0.2 -5.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 511.7 511.8 ... 0.1 4.0 0.0 0.8
Labour force 320.8 319.5 6.7 -1.3 -14.5 -0.4 -4.3
Employment 234.3 233.2 6.3 -1.1 -55.1 -0.5 -19.1
Unemployment 86.5 86.4 6.2 -0.1 40.7 -0.1 89.1
Participation rate 62.7 62.4 1.3 -0.3 -3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 27.0 27.0 1.8 0.0 13.3 ... ...
Employment rate 45.8 45.6 1.2 -0.2 -11.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,535.1 1,535.9 ... 0.8 19.2 0.1 1.3
Labour force 1,193.8 1,182.9 6.4 -10.9 -24.5 -0.9 -2.0
Employment 1,058.3 1,061.0 7.4 2.7 -57.7 0.3 -5.2
Unemployment 135.5 121.9 6.9 -13.6 33.3 -10.0 37.6
Participation rate 77.8 77.0 0.4 -0.8 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.4 10.3 0.6 -1.1 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 68.9 69.1 0.5 0.2 -4.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,531.3 1,532.3 ... 1.0 22.9 0.1 1.5
Labour force 957.6 953.8 7.4 -3.8 -30.0 -0.4 -3.0
Employment 863.5 871.6 7.5 8.1 -64.1 0.9 -6.9
Unemployment 94.1 82.1 6.1 -12.0 34.0 -12.8 70.7
Participation rate 62.5 62.2 0.5 -0.3 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.8 8.6 0.6 -1.2 3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 56.4 56.9 0.5 0.5 -5.1 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,175.6 4,179.9 ... 4.3 72.5 0.1 1.8
Labour force 2,669.5 2,674.3 13.2 4.8 -18.9 0.2 -0.7
Employment 2,374.2 2,389.5 13.1 15.3 -169.6 0.6 -6.6
Full-time employment 1,835.9 1,849.2 17.3 13.3 -148.7 0.7 -7.4
Unemployment 295.3 284.9 11.0 -10.4 150.8 -3.5 112.5
Participation rate 63.9 64.0 0.3 0.1 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.1 10.7 0.4 -0.4 5.7 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 57.2 0.3 0.3 -5.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 596.8 596.8 ... 0.0 6.2 0.0 1.0
Labour force 392.3 387.5 7.7 -4.8 -5.1 -1.2 -1.3
Employment 297.6 300.1 7.2 2.5 -55.7 0.8 -15.7
Unemployment 94.7 87.4 6.3 -7.3 50.6 -7.7 137.5
Participation rate 65.7 64.9 1.3 -0.8 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 24.1 22.6 1.7 -1.5 13.2 ... ...
Employment rate 49.9 50.3 1.2 0.4 -9.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,750.8 1,752.9 ... 2.1 34.2 0.1 2.0
Labour force 1,205.7 1,208.6 6.7 2.9 2.1 0.2 0.2
Employment 1,098.4 1,100.7 7.2 2.3 -57.2 0.2 -4.9
Unemployment 107.2 108.0 6.0 0.8 59.4 0.7 122.2
Participation rate 68.9 68.9 0.4 0.0 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.9 8.9 0.5 0.0 4.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 62.8 0.4 0.1 -4.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,828.1 1,830.2 ... 2.1 32.1 0.1 1.8
Labour force 1,071.5 1,078.2 7.3 6.7 -15.9 0.6 -1.5
Employment 978.1 988.7 7.4 10.6 -56.7 1.1 -5.4
Unemployment 93.4 89.5 6.0 -3.9 40.8 -4.2 83.8
Participation rate 58.6 58.9 0.4 0.3 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.3 0.5 -0.4 3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 53.5 54.0 0.4 0.5 -4.1 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
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