Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Federal government employment in census metropolitan areas

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

The Daily


Wednesday, November 29, 2006
September 2006 

There were approximately 377,700 federal government employees in September 2006, with three-quarters of them working in a metropolitan area. Across the country, federal government workers accounted for about 2.5% of the labour force employed within census metropolitan areas.

Of the total federal government employees across the country, 31.2% were within the Ottawa–Gatineau metropolitan area. This continues the upward trend from 25.7% in September 1990 when this series was first initiated.

On the other hand, the federal government represented 18.2% of total employment in the Ottawa–Gatineau area, down from the peak of 21.9% in September 1992.

Halifax had the second highest proportion of federal public servants at 8.0% of total employment as of September. Other proportions ranged from 5.5% in Kingston to 0.2% in Oshawa.

Federal government employment
  Canada Ottawa–Gatineau Proportion of federal government employment within Ottawa–Gatineau
  thousands %
1990 403.4 103.6 25.7
1991 408.7 104.7 25.6
1992 407.5 107.0 26.3
1993 398.1 105.4 26.5
1994 388.4 101.5 26.1
1995 361.6 96.3 26.6
1996 347.0 93.6 27.0
1997 334.1 90.6 27.1
1998 327.8 91.0 27.8
1999 327.4 93.8 28.7
2000 335.8 98.2 29.3
2001 349.2 103.7 29.7
2002 359.9 108.1 30.0
2003 365.5 112.3 30.7
2004 364.6 112.3 30.8
2005 369.3 113.8 30.8
2006 377.7 117.8 31.2


Note: Data for this release are based on the 2001 Standard Geographical Classification census metropolitan area definition. Data for smaller areas such as census agglomerations have not been developed due to the unavailability of detailed information. The term federal government presented in this release includes all organizations controlled by the federal government that are not-for-profit and perform non-commercial services on behalf of the government and its citizens. The count of federal government employees includes the Canadian military (regular forces and reservists), as well as uniformed Royal Canadian Mounted Police members. However, these statistics do not include employees of federal government business enterprises that operate as commercial corporations in the marketplace.

Caution should be used when comparing these federal government employment statistics to federal government public administration on the North American Industry Classification System basis, the latter being a sub-set of the former.

The Federal Government Employment and Payroll Program uses a census data collection approach, which means that all federal government entities are covered in the statistics. However, details by metropolitan area are not always available. To fulfill the numerous requests for regional information, imputation methods have been developed and complementary information has been collected in order to produce employment statistics for 2001 Census-defined metropolitan areas.

Employment within census metropolitan areas, September 20061
  Total employment2 Federal government employment Federal government employment as a proportion of total employment
  thousands %
Ottawa–Gatineau 647.1 117.8 18.2
Halifax 204.8 16.3 8.0
Kingston 78.2 4.3 5.5
Victoria 176.2 8.8 5.0
St. John's 96.5 4.5 4.7
Québec 380.7 13.8 3.6
Winnipeg 386.6 12.5 3.2
Regina 112.6 3.1 2.8
Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury 78.6 2.1 2.7
Saskatoon 130.2 2.5 1.9
Saint John 60.7 1.1 1.8
Abbotsford 83.5 1.5 1.8
Saguenay 70.6 1.2 1.7
Edmonton 571.8 9.2 1.6
Thunder Bay 62.2 0.9 1.5
Vancouver 1,208.3 17.1 1.4
Montreal 1,889.0 25.7 1.4
Sherbrooke 82.9 1.1 1.3
Windsor 172.2 2.0 1.2
Calgary 664.3 6.6 1.0
London 244.9 2.4 1.0
Toronto 2,822.1 22.4 0.8
Hamilton 371.9 2.9 0.8
Trois-Rivières 67.0 0.4 0.6
St. Catharines–Niagara 200.2 1.1 0.5
Kitchener 249.5 1.0 0.4
Oshawa 178.2 0.3 0.2
Total 11,290.8  282.6  2.5
1.Go online to view the census subdivisions that comprise the census metropolitan areas.
2.Data obtained from the Labour Force Survey.


Available on CANSIM: table 183-0003.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 1713.

Data tables on public sector employment are also available online in the Summary tables module of our website.

For general information or to order data, contact Jo-Anne Thibault (613-951-0767; jo-anne.thibault@statcan.gc.ca). To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Claude Bilodeau (613-951-1816; claude.bilodeau@statcan.gc.ca), Public Institutions Division.