4. Technical specifications

Skip to text

Text begins

Record layout and data descriptions

The following table identifies and briefly describes the selected attributes comprising the content of the 2014 Road Network File.

Attribute domain values

Representation of unknown or no value

The null value is used to represent values of the street's name, type, direction and address range that are either missing or non-existent.

The null value is also used for geographic unique identifier, name and type to indicate that it is outside of Canada.

Street type

Indicates the street type associated with the arc.

Street direction

Street direction can be used in conjunction with street name and type to identify common street elements (e.g., Elm ST S versus Elm ST W or Elm ST). Street direction has no relation to the direction the street arc was digitized.


Census subdivisions are classified according to designations adopted by provincial/territorial or federal authorities. The geographic reference date associated with the assignment of CSDTYPE_L and CSDTYPE_R is January 1, 2014.

Table summary
This table displays the results of CSDTYPE_L and CSDTYPE_R. The information is grouped by CSDTYPE (appearing as row headers), CSD description (appearing as column headers).
CSDTYPE CSD description
< Null > not applicable
C City / Cité
CC Chartered community
CG Community government
CN Crown colony / Colonie de la couronne
COM Community
CT Canton (municipalité de)
CU Cantons unis (municipalité de)
CV City / Ville
CY City
DM District municipality
HAM Hamlet
ID Improvement district
IGD Indian government district
IM Island municipality
IRI Indian reserve / Réserve indienne
LGD Local government district
LOT Township and royalty
M Municipality / Municipalité
MD Municipal district
MU Municipality
NH Northern hamlet
NL Nisga'a land
NO Unorganized / Non organisé
NV Northern village
P Parish / Paroisse (municipalité de)
PE Paroisse (municipalité de)
RCR Rural community / Communauté rurale
RDA Regional district electoral area
RGM Regional municipality
RM Rural municipality
RV Resort village
S-É Indian settlement / Établissement indien
SA Special area
SC Subdivision of county municipality / Subdivision municipalité de comté
Settlement / Établissement
SET Settlement
SG Self-government / Autonomie gouvernementale
SM Specialized municipality
SNO Subdivision of unorganized / Subdivision non organisée
SV Summer village
T Town
TC Terres réservées aux Cris
TI Terre inuite
TK Terres réservées aux Naskapis
TL Teslin land
TP Township
TV Town / Ville
V Ville
VC Village cri
VK Village naskapi
VL Village
VN Village nordique


Uniquely identifies a province or territory. The geographic reference date associated with the assignment of PRUID_L and PRUID_R is January 1, 2014.

Table summary
This table displays the results of PRUID_L and PRUID_R. The information is grouped by PRUID (appearing as row headers), province or territory name (appearing as column headers).
PRUID Province or territory name
10 Newfoundland and Labrador / Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador
11 Prince Edward Island / Île-du-Prince-Édouard
12 Nova Scotia / Nouvelle-Écosse
13 New Brunswick / Nouveau-Brunswick
24 Quebec / Québec
35 Ontario
46 Manitoba
47 Saskatchewan
48 Alberta
59 British Columbia / Colombie-Britannique
60 Yukon
61 Northwest Territories / Territoires du Nord-Ouest
62 Nunavut
< Null > not applicable (outside of Canada)


The street class code identifies the different types of street features within the 2014 Road Network File.

Table summary
This table displays the results of CLASS. The information is grouped by street class code (appearing as row headers), street class description (appearing as column headers).
Street class code Street class description
10 Highway
11 Expressway
12 Primary highway
13 Secondary highway
20 Road
21 Arterial
22 Collector
23 Local
24 Alley/Lane/Utility
25 Connector/Ramp
26 Reserve/Trail
27 Rapid transit
28 Planned
29 Strata
80 Bridge/Tunnel
90 Unknown

Software formats

The 2014 Road Network File is available for download from the Statistics Canada website in the following formats:

  • ArcGIS®
    File extension: .shp
  • Geography Markup Language (GML) 3.1.1
    File extension: .gml
  • MapInfo®
    File extension: .tab

This reference guide does not provide details on specific software packages that are available for use with the 2014 Road Network File. Users are advised to contact the appropriate software vendor for information.

File extension and accented character information

The ArcGIS®, Geography Markup Language and MapInfo® files are compressed into WinZip® files (file extension .zip).

A XML schema file (.xsd) is included to describe and validate the structure and content of the .gml files.

The 2014 Road Network File contains attributes with accented characters. They were successfully tested on desktop versions of ArcGIS® 9.3.1 and MapInfo® 11.0.1.

Geographic representation

The 2014 Road Network File is available on the Statistics Canada website in the following geographic representation:

Projection: Lambert conformal conic
False easting: 6200000.000000
False northing: 3000000.000000
Central meridian: -91.866667
Standard parallel 1: 49.000000
Standard parallel 2: 77.000000
Latitude of origin: 63.390675
Linear unit: metre (1.000000)

Datum: North American 1983 (NAD83)
Prime meridian: Greenwich
Angular unit: degree
Spheroid: GRS 1980

The North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83) is an adjustment of the 1927 datum that reflects the higher accuracy of geodetic surveying.

Users of the Road Network File can transform the file into the representation that best satisfies their needs knowing the effects these representations have on angles, areas, distances and direction. Users have the option to choose the best projection in concert with the maps objectives.

File naming convention

Spatial product file names follow a file naming convention. The file projection, geographic level, geographic coverage, file type, geographic reference date, file format and language are embedded within the file name. Standardizing the names of the files facilitates the storage of compressed files, all having the extension .zip.

Each file name is 13 characters in length. All alphabetic characters are in lower case to maintain consistency.

First character: projection of file

  1. l - projection of file is Lambert conformal conic

Next three characters: primary geographic level of file/type of file

  1. rnf - road network file

Next three numbers: geographic code of coverage

  1. 000 - Canada

Next character: file type

  1. r - road network file

Next two numbers: geographic reference date

The geographic reference date is a date determined by Statistics Canada to finalize the geographic framework for which statistical data are collected, tabulated and reported. The reference date for the 2014 Road Network File is January 1, 2014.

  1. 14 - geographic reference date is 2014

Next character: file format

  1. a - ArcGIS® (.shp)
  2. g - Geography Markup Language (.gml)
  3. m - MapInfo® (.tab)

Final two characters: language

  1. _e - English
  2. _f - French
Date modified: