Annual Demographic Estimates: Subprovincial Areas

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Notice to readers

Estimates released in this publication are based on the 2011 Census counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves to which is added the estimated demographic growth for the period going from May 10, 2011 to the date of the  estimate.

These estimates are not to be mistaken with the 2011 Census counts.

The analysis in this publication is based on preliminary data. These data will be revised over the coming years, and it is possible that some trends described in this publication will change as a result of these revisions. Therefore, this publication should be interpreted with caution.

Most of the components, used to produce preliminary population estimates, are estimated using demographic models or based on data sources less complete or reliable, albeit more timely, than those used for updated or final estimates.


Census metropolitan areas

  • On July 1, 2014, 24,858,600 people, or about 7 Canadians out of 10 (69.9%), were living in a census metropolitan area (CMA).
  • Over the last year, the population of the Toronto CMA passed the 6-million mark (reaching 6,055,700) while the population of the Montréal CMA passed the 4-million mark (reaching 4,027,100).
  • Between July 1, 2013 and June 30, 2014, among Canada’s CMAs, Calgary recorded the strongest population growth (35.5 per thousand).
  • In 2013/2014, for the third consecutive year, Alberta and Saskatchewan CMAs recorded the largest population growth rates. Following Calgary, the next highest population growth rates were observed in the CMAs of Edmonton, Saskatoon and Regina with annual population increases of 32.5 per thousand, 32.3 per thousand and 27.6 per thousand respectively.
  • Saint John (N.B.) was the only CMA to experience a significant population decrease (-5.3 per thousand) between July 1, 2013 and June 30, 2014.

Economic regions

  • With a population growth rate of 34.3 per thousand, the economic region (ER) of Calgary in Alberta was the fastest growing ER in 2013/2014. The strongest population decrease was recorded in the South Coast-Burin Peninsula ER (-16.0 per thousand) in Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • On July 1, 2014, Quebec’s Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine ER had the oldest median age, at 50.8 years.

Census divisions

  • The fastest growing census division (CD) was Division No. 16 (Wood Buffalo) in Alberta with a population growth rate of 40.2 per thousand between July 1, 2013 and June 30, 2014. The CD with the largest population decrease was Guysborough, Nova Scotia, with a growth rate of -29.8 per thousand.
  • On July 1, 2014, Ontario’s Haliburton CD had the oldest median age, at 55.5 years, and the highest proportion of persons aged 65 years and older, at 30.8%. Nunavut’s Keewatin CD had the highest proportion of people aged under 15 years (34.0%) and the lowest median age (23.5 years).
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