Aging of the Canadian population continues

  • In the last 50 years, the age and sex structure of the Canadian population has changed considerably. In 1961, toward the end of the baby boom, Canada’s population pyramid had a wide base because of the large number of young people, reflecting the large cohorts born during this period.
  • More than 50 years later, the bulge has moved up the pyramid as the baby boomers, aged 46 to 65 in 2011, have grown older. The drop in fertility is apparent in the pyramid with a slightly narrower base.
  • As the baby-boom cohorts grow older and Canada’s population continues to age, the structure of the population can be expected to increasingly resemble a rectangle, as shown by the pyramid for 2061 based on the medium-growth scenario of the most recent population projections.

Figure 5

Description for figure 5

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