Ethnicity, Language and Immigration Thematic Series
French in Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001 to 2016

by Alejandro A. Páez Silva and Émilie Lavoie

Release date: March 25, 2019

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The purpose of this document is to present an overview of the trends observed between 2001 and 2016 for the French language and the official language minority populationNote 1 in Newfoundland and Labrador. To this end, it provides census-based information on the population who reported having French as their mother tongue, French spoken at home or used at work, French as their first official language spoken as well as for those who speak French well enough to sustain a conversation.


Table 1
Knowledge of English and French, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001 to 2016
Table summary
This table displays the results of Knowledge of English and French 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2001 to 2016
growth, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 to 2016
growth
number percent number percent number percent number percent percent
Total population 507,245 100.0 499,060 100.0 507,270 100.0 512,255 100.0 1.0
Official language minority population 2,090 0.4 1,915 0.4 1,735 0.3 2,330 0.5 11.5
English-French bilingualism 1,945 93.1 1,830 95.6 1,640 94.5 2,210 94.8 13.6
Rest of the population 505,160 99.6 497,145 99.6 505,540 99.7 509,925 99.5 0.9
English-French bilingualism 18,880 3.7 21,760 4.4 21,240 4.2 23,640 4.6 25.2

Map 1 Official language minority population, census subdivisions, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2016

Description for Map

This map shows the proportion of the Official Language Minority Population found in each Census Subdivision in Newfoundland and Labrador in 2016.

In this map we use six distinct colours to signify different values. Blue stripes are used to represent areas for which no data are available. There are 18 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid teal colour is used to represent areas in which no one of the Official Language Minority Population resides. There are 250 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid green colour is used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes less than 1% of the total population. There are 73 Census Subdivision in this group.

A solid yellow colour is used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 1% and less than 2.5% of the total population. There are 24 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid orange colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 2.5% and less than 10% of the total population. There are 6 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid red colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 10% and less than 15% of the total population. There is 1 Census Subdivision in this group.

The borders of each Census Subdivision are delineated by a grey line and each Census Subdivision is assigned a colour based on the table below:


Data Table
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data Table. The information is grouped by Census Subdivision (appearing as row headers), Official Language Minority Population, Total Population and Official Language Minority Population , calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Census Subdivision Official Language Minority Population Total Population Official Language Minority Population
percent
1001105 0 150 0.0
1001113 0 485 0.0
1001120 0 65 0.0
1001124 5 1,625 0.3
1001126 0 485 0.0
1001131 0 300 0.0
1001136 0 325 0.0
1001140 0 50 0.0
1001144 0 80 0.0
1001149 5 415 1.2
1001155 0 435 0.0
1001169 0 310 0.0
1001174 0 230 0.0
1001178 0 350 0.0
1001181 0 175 0.0
1001186 0 135 0.0
1001192 0 115 0.0
1001197 0 350 0.0
1001203 0 510 0.0
1001207 0 80 0.0
1001214 0 100 0.0
1001219 0 225 0.0
1001225 0 100 0.0
1001228 0 245 0.0
1001234 0 360 0.0
1001240 10 3,415 0.3
1001254 0 250 0.0
1001259 5 730 0.7
1001263 0 185 0.0
1001267 0 365 0.0
1001270 0 920 0.0
1001274 0 230 0.0
1001277 0 400 0.0
1001281 0 255 0.0
1001285 0 665 0.0
1001289 0 460 0.0
1001293 5 1,120 0.4
1001298 10 890 1.1
1001304 5 2,945 0.2
1001308 5 375 1.3
1001312 0 670 0.0
1001316 0 210 0.0
1001321 10 550 1.8
1001325 0 340 0.0
1001328 0 185 0.0
1001332 5 435 1.1
1001335 0 325 0.0
1001339 0 1,870 0.0
1001343 5 610 0.8
1001347 0 390 0.0
1001352 5 385 1.3
1001357 0 390 0.0
1001361 0 680 0.0
1001365 5 1,800 0.3
1001370 0 4,710 0.0
1001374 5 300 1.7
1001375 0 395 0.0
1001379 5 2,995 0.2
1001385 0 1,565 0.0
1001394 0 285 0.0
1001396 0 2,650 0.0
1001409 10 6,010 0.2
1001415 5 925 0.5
1001421 0 1,075 0.0
1001426 0 570 0.0
1001429 0 1,305 0.0
1001434 5 645 0.8
1001437 0 740 0.0
1001441 0 370 0.0
1001446 0 725 0.0
1001452 0 665 0.0
1001456 0 655 0.0
1001461 0 685 0.0
1001464 5 640 0.8
1001469 0 1,065 0.0
1001472 0 2,450 0.0
1001485 83 25,915 0.3
1001490 0 320 0.0
1001494 0 2,135 0.0
1001504 30 8,125 0.4
1001505 15 2,070 0.7
1001507 13 1,685 0.7
1001509 33 7,900 0.4
1001511 10 2,220 0.5
1001512 0 450 0.0
1001517 58 21,390 0.3
1001519 775 107,645 0.7
1001542 68 22,910 0.3
1001551 5 960 0.5
1001557 5 1,500 0.3
1001559 5 1,615 0.3
1001565 0 90 0.0
1002001 0 250 0.0
1002002 0 545 0.0
1002005 5 2,315 0.2
1002006 0 120 0.0
1002008 5 1,155 0.4
1002011 0 620 0.0
1002012 0 270 0.0
1002013 0 160 0.0
1002014 0 230 0.0
1002015 0 90 0.0
1002016 0 175 0.0
1002017 0 170 0.0
1002018 5 1,400 0.4
1002019 8 2,250 0.3
1002021 0 565 0.0
1002022 0 230 0.0
1002023 0 390 0.0
1002024 20 5,220 0.4
1002025 0 295 0.0
1002026 0 140 0.0
1002027 0 245 0.0
1002030 0 235 0.0
1002031 0 570 0.0
1002033 0 245 0.0
1002034 0 250 0.0
1002036 0 485 0.0
1002037 0 185 0.0
1002039 0 140 0.0
1002040 0 125 0.0
1002041 0 435 0.0
1002048 0 560 0.0
1002055 0 130 0.0
1003002 0 140 0.0
1003003 0 590 0.0
1003004 0 375 0.0
1003005 0 195 0.0
1003008 0 1,625 0.0
1003010 0 240 0.0
1003011 0 420 0.0
1003012 0 140 0.0
1003014 0 260 0.0
1003018 5 750 0.7
1003019 0 1,185 0.0
1003020 0 100 0.0
1003021 0 90 0.0
1003024 0 120 0.0
1003026 0 445 0.0
1003028 0 1,295 0.0
1003031 0 710 0.0
1003032 0 660 0.0
1003033 0 620 0.0
1003034 5 4,045 0.1
1003038 0 90 0.0
1003042 0 50 0.0
1003045 0 395 0.0
1003801 5 960 0.5
1004001 10 1,685 0.6
1004006 5 1,175 0.4
1004011 5 745 0.7
1004013 5 1,200 0.4
1004016 5 860 0.6
1004017 0 50 0.0
1004018 5 1,620 0.3
1004019 48 6,550 0.7
1004020 30 2,005 1.5
1004021 5 580 0.9
1004022 100 1,955 5.1
1004033 103 855 12.0
1004037 5 465 1.1
1004042 10 450 2.2
1005001 5 275 1.8
1005003 0 465 0.0
1005004 5 5,245 0.1
1005005 0 285 0.0
1005006 0 205 0.0
1005007 0 215 0.0
1005008 0 430 0.0
1005009 0 505 0.0
1005010 5 820 0.6
1005011 10 445 2.2
1005012 5 3,620 0.1
1005014 0 595 0.0
1005015 5 410 1.2
1005016 0 280 0.0
1005017 5 1,630 0.3
1005018 75 19,480 0.4
1005020 5 1,600 0.3
1005022 0 540 0.0
1005023 0 690 0.0
1005024 0 520 0.0
1005025 0 570 0.0
1005028 0 255 0.0
1005030 0 1,420 0.0
1005033 0 745 0.0
1005035 5 345 1.4
1006001 0 685 0.0
1006003 0 735 0.0
1006008 0 195 0.0
1006009 58 11,515 0.5
1006011 5 570 0.9
1006012 5 780 0.6
1006014 5 680 0.7
1006015 5 425 1.2
1006017 30 14,035 0.2
1006019 5 3,155 0.2
1006021 0 830 0.0
1006022 0 2,800 0.0
1006026 0 700 0.0
1006028 0 80 0.0
1006029 0 130 0.0
1006031 0 640 0.0
1007001 5 1,965 0.3
1007006 0 1,215 0.0
1007009 5 1,275 0.4
1007013 15 6,215 0.2
1007014 5 460 1.1
1007015 5 170 2.9
1007016 0 340 0.0
1007018 0 75 0.0
1007020 0 310 0.0
1007022 5 1,820 0.3
1007023 0 3,370 0.0
1007024 0 340 0.0
1007025 0 50 0.0
1007027 0 90 0.0
1007028 0 845 0.0
1007031 0 2,645 0.0
1007032 5 565 0.9
1007036 0 600 0.0
1007037 0 265 0.0
1007038 0 230 0.0
1007039 0 120 0.0
1007040 0 75 0.0
1007041 0 200 0.0
1007042 0 500 0.0
1007043 0 230 0.0
1007044 5 2,080 0.2
1007045 0 45 0.0
1007046 0 125 0.0
1007047 0 1,980 0.0
1007048 0 145 0.0
1007049 5 970 0.5
1007050 0 1,150 0.0
1007054 0 270 0.0
1007056 0 140 0.0
1007057 0 660 0.0
1007060 5 2,130 0.2
1007067 0 175 0.0
1008001 0 130 0.0
1008004 0 500 0.0
1008006 0 990 0.0
1008008 0 3,055 0.0
1008011 5 740 0.7
1008024 5 205 2.4
1008026 0 215 0.0
1008029 0 180 0.0
1008031 0 1,900 0.0
1008032 0 275 0.0
1008033 0 905 0.0
1008035 3 2,165 0.1
1008036 5 435 1.1
1008037 0 450 0.0
1008038 0 550 0.0
1008039 5 405 1.2
1008040 0 260 0.0
1008042 0 930 0.0
1008043 0 685 0.0
1008044 5 3,350 0.1
1008045 0 280 0.0
1008046 0 550 0.0
1008047 0 155 0.0
1008048 0 295 0.0
1008049 0 590 0.0
1008053 0 295 0.0
1008054 0 985 0.0
1008055 0 190 0.0
1008056 5 170 2.9
1008058 0 440 0.0
1008059 5 485 1.0
1008060 0 805 0.0
1008061 5 2,895 0.2
1008062 0 130 0.0
1008063 0 105 0.0
1008064 0 70 0.0
1008065 0 340 0.0
1008066 0 130 0.0
1008067 0 310 0.0
1008069 0 660 0.0
1008070 0 85 0.0
1008071 0 310 0.0
1008072 0 475 0.0
1008074 0 315 0.0
1008075 0 245 0.0
1008076 0 875 0.0
1008077 0 155 0.0
1008078 0 165 0.0
1008079 5 1,295 0.4
1008091 0 305 0.0
1008092 0 105 0.0
1008093 0 195 0.0
1008095 0 320 0.0
1008096 0 190 0.0
1008098 0 105 0.0
1008099 5 2,225 0.2
1009001 0 70 0.0
1009004 0 525 0.0
1009007 0 1,000 0.0
1009008 0 170 0.0
1009009 0 120 0.0
1009010 0 550 0.0
1009011 0 280 0.0
1009012 5 655 0.8
1009013 5 945 0.5
1009015 0 255 0.0
1009016 0 430 0.0
1009017 0 345 0.0
1009018 0 315 0.0
1009019 0 655 0.0
1009020 0 240 0.0
1009021 0 2,530 0.0
1009022 0 790 0.0
1009023 0 315 0.0
1009024 0 270 0.0
1009026 0 180 0.0
1009028 0 245 0.0
1009029 5 2,210 0.2
1009030 0 225 0.0
1009031 0 645 0.0
1009032 0 605 0.0
1009034 0 125 0.0
1009035 0 180 0.0
1009039 0 175 0.0
1009041 0 160 0.0
1009042 0 50 0.0
1009047 0 40 0.0
1009048 0 215 0.0
1010001 0 60 0.0
1010002 15 555 2.7
1010003 0 165 0.0
1010004 0 220 0.0
1010005 5 395 1.3
1010006 0 110 0.0
1010007 0 90 0.0
1010008 0 370 0.0
1010009 0 415 0.0
1010010 0 195 0.0
1010011 5 340 1.5
1010012 0 430 0.0
1010013 0 290 0.0
1010020 3 545 0.5
1010022 0 545 0.0
1010025 100 7,995 1.3
1010029 5 705 0.7
1010032 220 7,200 3.1
1010034 73 1,905 3.8
1010801 3 935 0.3
1010802 20 1,015 2.0
1011010 0 305 0.0
1011015 0 175 0.0
1011020 0 375 0.0
1011030 0 575 0.0
1011035 3 1,125 0.2
1001101 0 0 0.0
1001391 0 0 0.0
1001405 0 0 0.0
1002009 0 0 0.0
1002029 0 0 0.0
1002044 0 0 0.0
1003001 0 0 0.0
1003006 0 0 0.0
1003009 0 0 0.0
1005019 0 0 0.0
1007026 0 0 0.0
1007051 0 0 0.0
1008052 0 0 0.0
1008073 0 0 0.0
1009037 0 0 0.0
1010042 0 0 0.0
1011005 0 0 0.0
1011040 0 0 0.0

Table 2
Selected French language indicators, Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001 to 2016
Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected French language indicators 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2001 to 2016
growth, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 to 2016
growth
number percent number percent number percent number percent percent
Total population 507,245 100.0 499,060 100.0 507,270 100.0 512,255 100.0 1.0
Official language minority populationTable 2 Note 1 2,090 0.4 1,915 0.4 1,735 0.3 2,330 0.5 11.5
Knowledge of FrenchTable 2 Note 2 20,965 4.1 23,675 4.7 22,970 4.5 25,970 5.1 23.9
French as mother tongueTable 2 Note 2 2,510 0.5 2,210 0.4 1,990 0.4 2,900 0.6 15.5
French spoken at homeTable 2 Note 2 3,060 0.6 3,065 0.6 3,035 0.6 4,305 0.8 40.7
French primarily spokenTable 2 Note 3 885 0.2 635 0.1 610 0.1 920 0.2 4.0
Working populationTable 2 Note 4 263,280 100.0 274,630 100.0 282,025 100.0 286,035 100.0 8.6
French used at workTable 2 Note 2 3,035 1.2 3,995 1.5 3,465 1.2 4,130 1.4 36.1
French primarily usedTable 2 Note 3 700 0.3 865 0.3 930 0.3 950 0.3 35.7

Chart 1 French spoken at home, Newfoundland and labrador, 2001 to 2016

Data table for Chart 1 
Data table for Chart 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 1 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016
percent
OnlyData table Note 1 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.08
MostlyData table Note 2 0.09 0.07 0.07 0.10
Equally with another languageData table Note 3 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.09
Regularly (in addition to the main language)Data table Note 4 0.39 0.45 0.44 0.57

Notes


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