Ethnicity, Language and Immigration Thematic Series
French in Nova Scotia, 2001 to 2016

by Alejandro A. Páez Silva and Émilie Lavoie

Release date: March 25, 2019

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The purpose of this document is to present an overview of the trends observed between 2001 and 2016 for the French language and the official language minority populationNote 1 in Nova Scotia. To this end, it provides census-based information on the population who reported having French as their mother tongue, French spoken at home or used at work, French as their first official language spoken as well as for those who speak French well enough to sustain a conversation.


Table 1
Knowledge of English and French, Nova Scotia, 2001 to 2016
Table summary
This table displays the results of Knowledge of English and French 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2001 to 2016
growth, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 to 2016
growth
number percent number percent number percent number percent percent
Total population 895,305 100.0 899,755 100.0 906,175 100.0 908,340 100.0 1.5
Official language minority population 33,575 3.8 31,975 3.6 29,865 3.3 28,620 3.2 -14.8
English-French bilingualism 32,795 97.7 30,980 96.9 29,130 97.5 27,935 97.6 -14.8
Rest of the population 861,735 96.3 867,780 96.4 876,310 96.7 879,710 96.8 2.1
English-French bilingualism 57,005 6.6 63,465 7.3 64,985 7.4 67,120 7.6 17.7

Map 1 Official language minority population, census subdivisions, Nova Scotia, 2016

Description for Map

This map shows the proportion of the Official Language Minority Population found in each Census Subdivision in Nova Scotia in 2016.

In this map we use seven distinct colours to signify different values. Blue stripes are used to represent areas for which no data are available. There are 11 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid teal colour is used to represent areas in which no one of the Official Language Minority Population resides. There are 12 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid green colour is used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes less than 2.5% of the total population. There are 57 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid yellow colour is used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 2.5% and less than 5.0% of the total population. There are 7 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid orange colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 5% and less than 10% of the total population. There are 4 Census Subdivision in this group.

A solid dark orange was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 10% and less than 35% of the total population. There is 1 Census Subdivision in this group.

A solid red colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 35% and less than 65% of the total population. There are 4 Census Subdivisions in this group.

The borders of each Census Subdivision are delineated by a grey line and each Census Subdivision is assigned a colour based on the table below:


Data Table
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data Table. The information is grouped by Census Subdivisions (appearing as row headers), Official Language Minority Population, Total Population and Official Language Minority Population , calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Census Subdivisions Official Language Minority Population Total Population Official Language Minority Population
percent
1201001 93 6,580 1.4
1201004 5 760 0.7
1201006 30 4,225 0.7
1201008 13 1,735 0.7
1201009 0 520 0.0
1202001 3,385 7,855 43.1
1202004 740 9,765 7.6
1202006 455 6,290 7.2
1202040 0 155 0.0
1203001 4,870 7,885 61.8
1203004 233 7,110 3.3
1203006 58 1,955 2.9
1203009 0 140 0.0
1204010 68 10,190 0.7
1205001 78 2,990 2.6
1205004 78 5,805 1.3
1205008 13 490 2.6
1205009 58 4,275 1.3
1205014 120 4,945 2.4
1205016 20 1,765 1.1
1206001 265 24,750 1.1
1206004 118 8,325 1.4
1206006 38 2,105 1.8
1206008 15 970 1.5
1206009 110 10,170 1.1
1206011 0 95 0.0
1207001 693 22,000 3.1
1207002 0 140 0.0
1207004 35 2,320 1.5
1207011 105 8,085 1.3
1207012 78 6,090 1.3
1207016 115 11,830 1.0
1207021 48 5,160 0.9
1207024 60 3,970 1.5
1207027 0 80 0.0
1208001 160 15,345 1.0
1208002 33 3,355 1.0
1208008 298 22,440 1.3
1208014 0 1,090 0.0
1209019 0 205 0.0
1209034 10,500 399,315 2.6
1210001 108 13,040 0.8
1210002 10 1,375 0.7
1210003 5 860 0.6
1210006 115 11,900 1.0
1210008 218 19,370 1.1
1210012 35 3,460 1.0
1211001 10 1,900 0.5
1211002 10 1,200 0.8
1211006 48 6,630 0.7
1211009 75 5,230 1.4
1211011 120 9,195 1.3
1211012 5 1,145 0.4
1211014 30 4,010 0.7
1212001 63 6,070 1.0
1212004 40 3,025 1.3
1212006 40 5,970 0.7
1212008 20 3,615 0.6
1212009 33 4,190 0.8
1212011 63 8,345 0.7
1212014 88 8,775 1.0
1212016 15 2,435 0.6
1212019 0 485 0.0
1213001 18 2,195 0.8
1213004 75 4,605 1.6
1213008 0 725 0.0
1214001 118 8,275 1.4
1214002 90 4,125 2.2
1214006 318 6,305 5.0
1214010 0 355 0.0
1215001 38 3,155 1.2
1215002 118 3,210 3.7
1215006 58 4,815 1.2
1215008 3 820 0.3
1215011 1,883 4,990 37.7
1216001 1,238 3,120 39.7
1216006 363 3,720 9.7
1216011 160 1,510 10.6
1216014 8 505 1.5
1217008 0 1,015 0.0
1217020 13 3,420 0.4
1217030 698 92,810 0.8
1218001 40 3,915 1.0
1218003 5 535 0.9
1218006 25 2,545 1.0
1204009 0 0 0.0
1204015 0 0 0.0
1205002 0 0 0.0
1205006 0 0 0.0
1206014 0 0 0.0
1206016 0 0 0.0
1209029 0 0 0.0
1209037 0 0 0.0
1209038 0 0 0.0
1209800 0 0 0.0
1212023 0 0 0.0

Table 2
Selected French language indicators, Nova Scotia, 2001 to 2016
Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected French language indicators 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2001 to 2016
growth, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 to 2016
growth
number percent number percent number percent number percent percent
Total population 895,305 100.0 899,755 100.0 906,175 100.0 908,340 100.0 1.5
Official language minority populationTable 2 Note 1 33,575 3.8 31,975 3.6 29,865 3.3 28,620 3.2 -14.8
Knowledge of FrenchTable 2 Note 2 90,585 10.1 95,440 10.6 94,850 10.5 95,740 10.5 5.7
French as mother tongueTable 2 Note 2 36,520 4.1 34,650 3.9 31,830 3.5 32,650 3.6 -10.6
French spoken at homeTable 2 Note 2 33,505 3.7 33,270 3.7 33,060 3.6 33,110 3.6 -1.2
French primarily spokenTable 2 Note 3 18,885 2.1 17,020 1.9 16,170 1.8 14,105 1.6 -25.3
Working populationTable 2 Note 4 485,595 100.0 515,655 100.0 520,820 100.0 514,080 100.0 5.9
French used at workTable 2 Note 2 22,430 4.6 23,605 4.6 21,825 4.2 22,115 4.3 -1.4
French primarily usedTable 2 Note 3 7,350 1.5 6,995 1.4 6,660 1.3 6,130 1.2 -16.6

Chart 1 French spoken at home, Nova Scotia, 2001 to 2016

Data table for Chart 1 
Data table for Chart 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 1 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016
percent
OnlyData table Note 1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8
MostlyData table Note 2 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7
Equally with another languageData table Note 3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3
Regularly (in addition to the main language)Data table Note 4 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.8

Notes


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