Aboriginal Peoples: Fact Sheet for British Columbia

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Release date: March 14, 2016

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About the data sources

The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) and the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are the main data sources for this fact sheet. The 2011 NHS collected social and economic data about the Canadian population. The 2012 APS was a national survey of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit aged 6 and older. The data are for the Aboriginal identity population, which refers to people who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, First Nations, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation. It was possible to report both single and multiple responses to the Aboriginal identity questions on the NHS and the APS. The NHS data in this fact sheet are based on single responses only. The APS data represent a combination of the single and multiple Aboriginal identity populations. Nearly all off-reserve First Nations, Métis, and Inuit respondents reported a single identity.

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One in six Aboriginal people in Canada live in British Columbia

Aboriginal population younger than non-Aboriginal

Half of Aboriginal children live with both parents

Table 1
Percentage distribution of children aged 14 and under by living arrangement, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, British Columbia, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentage distribution of children aged 14 and under by living arrangement Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Inuit single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On reserve and Off reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On reserve Off reserve
percent
Children of both parentsTable 1 Note 1 48.9 45.2 46.7 44.5 57.7 59.8 77.8
Stepchildren 9.7 9.8 10.4 9.5 9.5 6.2 5.1
Children of lone parent 33.6 35.6 34.1 36.3 28.7 32.0 16.1
Grandchildren in skip-generation family 2.7 3.0 4.1 2.4 2.1 0.0 0.5
Foster children 3.9 5.0 2.2 6.3 1.2 0.0 0.3
Children living with other relativesTable 1 Note 2 1.2 1.4 2.4 1.0 0.8 0.0 0.3

On-reserve First Nations people most likely to live in crowded homes and homes requiring major repairs

Table 2
Percentages living in crowded homes and homes in need of major repairs, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, British Columbia, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentages living in crowded homes and homes in need of major repairs Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Inuit single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On reserve and Off reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On reserve Off reserve
percent
CrowdingTable 2 Note 1 6.4 8.1 13.4 5.5 3.0 9.2 5.4
Home in need of majorTable 2 Note 2 repairs 17.8 20.8 36.3 13.2 11.5 10.8 6.5

Ability to speak an Aboriginal language highest among on-reserve First Nations people

 Chart 1 Ability to converse in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, British Columbia, 2011

Description for Chart 1

The title of the graph is "Chart 1 Ability to converse in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, British Columbia, 2011."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 6 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 20 with ticks every 5 points.
There are 2 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Aboriginal identity groups."
The title of series 1 is "Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language."
The minimum value is 0.9 and it corresponds to "Métis single identity."
The maximum value is 16.8 and it corresponds to "First Nations single identity (on reserve)."
The title of series 2 is "Aboriginal language as mother tongue."
The minimum value is 0.5 and it corresponds to "Métis single identity."
The maximum value is 12.8 and it corresponds to "First Nations single identity (on reserve)."

Data table for Chart 1 Table summary
This table displays the results of Ability to converse in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue. The information is grouped by (appearing as row headers), Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue (appearing as column headers).
  Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language Aboriginal language as mother tongue
Total Aboriginal identity population 6.2 4.4
First Nations single identity 8.8 6.3
First Nations single identity (on reserve) 16.8 12.8
First Nations single identity (off reserve) 4.9 3.1
Métis single identity 0.9 0.5
Inuit single identity 7.6 3.5

Half have postsecondary qualifications

Table 3
Highest level of educational attainment of population aged 25 to 64, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, British Columbia, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Highest level of educational attainment of population aged 25 to 64 Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Inuit single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On reserve and Off reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On reserve Off reserve
percent
No certificate, diploma or degree 25.0 29.1 38.8 24.1 17.0 31.4 9.4
High school diploma or equivalent 25.2 25.0 22.7 26.2 26.1 19.7 25.1
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 49.8 45.9 38.6 49.7 57.0 48.9 65.6
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 15.2 14.3 14.2 14.4 16.9 17.5 11.1
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 20.1 18.8 15.9 20.3 22.6 15.3 19.9
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelTable 3 Note 1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.2 2.9 6.4
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 9.5 7.9 3.8 10.0 12.2 12.4 28.1

Employment rates and median total income increase with education

Table 4
Employment rate of population aged 25 to 64, by highest level of educational attainment, selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, British Columbia, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Employment rate of population aged 25 to 64 Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Inuit single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On reserve and Off reserve, calculated using employment rate (percent) units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Inuit single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On reserve Off reserve
employment rate (percent)
Total 61.7 56.7 47.6 61.3 71.6 52.2 74.8
No certificate, diploma or degree 41.7 37.6 32.3 42.1 54.4 26.2 58.0
High school diploma or equivalent 61.9 56.8 47.9 60.7 71.6 59.3 71.2
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 71.7 68.6 62.8 70.9 76.7 64.2 78.7

Half rate their health as excellent or very good

Chart 2 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, British Columbia, 2012

Description for Chart 2

The title of the graph is "Chart 2 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity groupNote 1 and age group, British Columbia, 2012."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 4 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 80 with ticks every 10 points.
There are 4 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Aboriginal identity groups."
The title of series 1 is "Total."
The minimum value is 48.4 and it corresponds to "Off-reserve First Nations people."
The maximum value is 60.0 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The title of series 2 is "12 to 24 years."
The minimum value is 61.1 and it corresponds to "Off-reserve First Nations people."
The maximum value is 70.8 and it corresponds to "Métis."
The title of series 3 is "25 to 44 years."
The minimum value is 45.9 and it corresponds to "Off-reserve First Nations people."
The maximum value is 69.8 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The title of series 4 is "45 years and over."
The minimum value is 39.1 and it corresponds to "Off-reserve First Nations people."
The maximum value is 51.7 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."

Data table for Chart 2
Table summary
This table displays the results of Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over. The information is grouped by % (appearing as row headers), Total, 12 to 24 years, 25 to 44 years and 45 years and over (appearing as column headers).
% Total 12 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 years and over
Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) 51.1 64.6 49.9 41.5
Off-reserve First Nations people 48.4 61.1 45.9 39.1
Métis 55.4 70.8 56.8 44.4
Non-Aboriginal identity population 60.0 67.4 69.8 51.7
Table 5
Excellent or very good self-rated mental health of population aged 18 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity groupTable 5 Note 1 and age group, British Columbia, 2012
Table summary
This table displays the results of Excellent or very good self-rated mental health of population aged 18 and over Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves), Off-reserve First Nations people, Métis and Non-Aboriginal identity population, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) Off-reserve First Nations people Métis Non-Aboriginal identity population
percent
Total 60.8 59.8 62.6 68.0
18 to 24 65.8 71.0 56.7 65.8
25 to 44 57.8 55.0 62.2 69.5
45 and over 61.8 60.1 64.5 67.6

One in five off-reserve First Nations people and Métis smoke daily

Chart 3 Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group, British Columbia, 2012

Description for Chart 3

The title of the graph is "Chart 3 Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group,Note 1 British Columbia, 2012."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 3 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 40 with ticks every 5 points.
There are 4 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Health behaviours."
The title of series 1 is "Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves)."
The minimum value is 20.0 and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 32.7 and it corresponds to "Heavy drinking.Note 2"
The title of series 2 is "Off-reserve First Nations people."
The minimum value is 19.3 and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 35.7 and it corresponds to "Heavy drinking.Note 2"
The title of series 3 is "Métis."
The minimum value is 20.5 and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 28.4 and it corresponds to "Heavy drinking.Note 2"
The title of series 4 is "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The minimum value is 10.0 and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 23.9 and it corresponds to "Non-drinking."

Data table for Chart 3
Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over. The information is grouped by (appearing as row headers), Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves), Off-reserve First Nations people, Métis and Non-Aboriginal identity population (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) Off-reserve First Nations people Métis Non-Aboriginal identity population
Daily smoking 20.0 19.3 20.5 10.0
Heavy drinkingchart 3 Note 2 32.7 35.7 28.4 20.4
Non-drinking 27.0 28.9 24.4 23.9
Table 6
Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity groupTable 6 Note 1 and age group, British Columbia, 2012
Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves), Off-reserve First Nations people, Métis and Non-Aboriginal identity population, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) Off-reserve First Nations people Métis Non-Aboriginal identity population
percent
12 to 24
Daily smoking 13.1 11.5 15.7Note E: Use with caution 5.1Note E: Use with caution
Heavy drinkingTable 6 Note 2 37.7 36.3 39.3 29.3
Non-drinking 43.3 43.5 42.8 35.2
25 to 44
Daily smoking 26.1 25.9 25.8 14.3
Heavy drinking 36.3 37.3 35.5 29.7
Non-drinking 13.4 14.6 12.3Note E: Use with caution 18.1
45 and over
Daily smoking 19.8 19.8Note E: Use with caution 19.4 9.3
Heavy drinking 26.0 33.5 17.4Note E: Use with caution 12.1
Non-drinking 26.4 30.2 22.2 23.2

This fact sheet was prepared by Karen Kelly-Scott and Paula Arriagada of the Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division of Statistics Canada.

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