Aboriginal Peoples: Fact Sheet for New Brunswick

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Release date: March 14, 2016

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About the data sources

The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) and the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are the main data sources for this fact sheet. The 2011 NHS collected social and economic data about the Canadian population. The 2012 APS was a national survey of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit aged 6 and older. The data are for the Aboriginal identity population, which refers to people who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, First Nations, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation. It was possible to report both single and multiple responses to the Aboriginal identity questions on the NHS and the APS. The NHS data in this fact sheet are based on single responses only. The APS data represent a combination of the single and multiple Aboriginal identity populations. Nearly all off-reserve First Nations, Métis, and Inuit respondents reported a single identity.

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About 2% of Aboriginal people in Canada live in New Brunswick

Aboriginal population younger than non-Aboriginal

Half of Aboriginal children live with both parents

Table 1
Percentage distribution of children aged 14 and under by living arrangement, by selected Aboriginal identity groupTable 1 Note 1 and area of residence, New Brunswick, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentage distribution of children aged 14 and under by living arrangement Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On
reserve and Off
reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis single identity Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On
reserve
Off
reserve
percent
Children of both parentsTable 1 Note 2 47.9 45.2 39.6 50.1 52.4 70.5
Stepchildren 9.4 9.5 8.3 10.6 9.5 7.1
Children of lone parent 38.8 40.8 45.8 36.2 37.5 21.4
Grandchildren in skip-generation family 2.0 2.4 2.8 2.1 0.0 0.6
Foster children 1.7 1.8 2.5 1.1 0.0 0.2
Children living with other relativesTable 1 Note 3 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.1

On-reserve First Nations people most likely to live in crowded homes and homes requiring major repairs

Table 2
Percentages living in crowded homes and homes in need of major repairs, by selected Aboriginal identity groupTable 2 Note 1 and area of residence, New Brunswick, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Percentages living in crowded homes and homes in need of major repairs Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis
single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On
reserve and Off
reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis
single identity
Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On
reserve
Off
reserve
percent
CrowdingTable 2 Note 2 2.7 3.6 4.5 2.9 0.0 1.1
Home in need of majorTable 2 Note 3 repairs 25.7 27.4 36.6 19.9 21.9 9.3

Four in ten on-reserve First Nations people speak an Aboriginal language

Chart 1 Ability to converse in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue, by selected Aboriginal identity group and area of residence, New Brunswick, 2011

Description for Chart 1

The title of the graph is "Chart 1 Ability to converse in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue, by selected Aboriginal identity groupChart 1 Note 1 and area of residence, New Brunswick, 2011."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 5 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 50 with ticks every 5 points.
There are 2 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Aboriginal identity groups."
The title of series 1 is "Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language."
The minimum value is 0.0 and it corresponds to "Métis single identity."
The maximum value is 37.3 and it corresponds to "First Nations single identity (on reserve)."
The title of series 2 is "Aboriginal language as mother tongue."
The minimum value is 0.2 and it corresponds to "Métis single identity."
The maximum value is 33.2 and it corresponds to "First Nations single identity (on reserve)."

Data table for Chart 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 1. The information is grouped by (appearing as row headers), Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language and Aboriginal language as mother tongue (appearing as column headers).
  Ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language Aboriginal language as mother tongue
Total Aboriginal
identity population
13.7 11.4
First Nations
single identity
19.0 15.8
First Nations single identity (on reserve) 37.3 33.2
First Nations single identity (off reserve) 4.2 1.8
Métis single identity 0.0 0.2

Half have postsecondary qualifications

Table 3
Highest level of educational attainment of population aged 25 to 64, by selected Aboriginal identity groupTable 3 Note 1 and area of residence, New Brunswick, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Highest level of educational attainment of population aged 25 to 64 Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis
single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On
reserve and Off
reserve, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis
single identity
Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On
reserve
Off
reserve
percent
No certificate, diploma or degree 25.4 26.0 30.5 22.4 26.6 16.5
High school diploma or equivalent 23.9 24.6 24.3 24.9 19.8 26.7
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 50.7 49.4 45.2 52.7 53.6 56.8
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.5 18.2 12.4
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 21.0 20.8 18.2 22.9 21.9 22.2
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelTable 3 Note 2 3.6 3.4 3.9 3.1 4.5 3.1
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 10.8 9.7 7.7 11.3 9.0 19.1

Employment rates and median total income increase with education

Table 4
Employment rate of population aged 25 to 64, by highest level of educational attainment, selected Aboriginal identity groupTable 4 Note 1 and area of residence, New Brunswick, 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of Employment rate of population aged 25 to 64 Total Aboriginal identity population, First Nations single identity, Métis
single identity, Non-Aboriginal identity population, Total, On
reserve and Off
reserve, calculated using employment rate (percent) units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population First Nations single identity Métis
single identity
Non-Aboriginal identity population
Total On
reserve
Off
reserve
employment rate (percent)
Total 57.1 52.6 44.6 59.0 64.6 71.2
No certificate, diploma or degree 35.3 28.4 25.2 32.5 43.1 48.3
High school diploma or equivalent 58.4 54.4 42.7 63.4 65.8 68.9
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 67.3 64.4 58.7 68.2 74.8 79.0

Half rate their health as excellent or very good

Chart 2 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, New Brunswick, 2012

Description for Chart 2

The title of the graph is "Chart 2 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, New Brunswick, 2012."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 2 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 80 with ticks every 10 points.
There are 4 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Aboriginal identity groups."
The title of series 1 is "Total."
The minimum value is 51.0 and it corresponds to "Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves)."
The maximum value is 54.7 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The title of series 2 is "12 to 24 years."
The minimum value is 64.2 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The maximum value is 67.3 and it corresponds to "Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves)."
The title of series 3 is "25 to 44 years."
The minimum value is 43.7 and it corresponds to "Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves)."
The maximum value is 64.1 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The title of series 4 is "45 years and over."
The minimum value is 45.8Note E: Use with caution and it corresponds to "Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves)."
The maximum value is 46.9 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity population."

Data table for Chart 2
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 2. The information is grouped by % (appearing as row headers), Total, 12 to 24 years, 25 to 44 years and 45 years and over (appearing as column headers).
% Total 12 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 years and over
Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) 51.0 67.3 43.7 45.8Note E: Use with caution
Non-Aboriginal identity population 54.7 64.2 64.1 46.9
Table 5
Excellent or very good self-rated mental health of population aged 18 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, New Brunswick, 2012
Table summary
This table displays the results of Excellent or very good self-rated mental health of population aged 18 and over Total Aboriginal identity population
(excluding reserves) and Non-Aboriginal identity population, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population
(excluding reserves)
Non-Aboriginal identity population
percent
Total 61.8 68.7
18 to 24 58.6Note E: Use with caution 72.2
25 to 44 50.9 78.7
45 and over 70.7 62.8

Three in ten off-reserve Aboriginal people smoke daily

Chart 3 Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group, New Brunswick, 2012

Description for Chart 3

The title of the graph is "Chart 3 Selected health behaviours of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group, New Brunswick, 2012."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 3 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 35 with ticks every 5 points.
There are 2 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Health behaviours."
The title of series 1 is "Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves)."
The minimum value is 22.5Note E: Use with caution and it corresponds to "Heavy drinkingChart 3 Note 1 ."
The maximum value is 30.5 and it corresponds to "Non-drinking."
The title of series 2 is "Non-Aboriginal identity population."
The minimum value is 18.4 and it corresponds to "Daily smoking."
The maximum value is 26.2 and it corresponds to "Heavy drinkingChart 3 Note 1 ."

Data table for Chart 3
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 3. The information is grouped by (appearing as row headers), Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) and Non-Aboriginal identity population (appearing as column headers).
  Total Aboriginal identity population (excluding reserves) Non-Aboriginal identity population
Daily smoking 26.5Note E: Use with caution 18.4
Heavy drinkingNote 1 22.5Note E: Use with caution 26.2
Non-drinking 30.5 22.3

This fact sheet was prepared by Elena Chernikova of the Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division of Statistics Canada.

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