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Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

Beaton, A.E., Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Gonzalez, E. J., Smith, T.A. and Kelly, D.L. (1996). Science Achievement in the Middle School Years: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study. Boston, MA: Center for the Study of Testing, Evaluation, and Educational Policy, Boston College.

Becker, G. (1964). Human capital. New York: Columbia University Press.

Brink, S. (2002). Comment on the Federal Skills Agenda. In Towards Evidence-Based Policy for Canadian Education/Vers des politiques canadiennes d'éducation fondées sur la recherche, ed. P. de Broucker and A. Sweetman. Kingston, ON: John Deutsch Institute for the Study of Economic Policy, Queen's University.

Coulombe, S., Tremblay, J.,  and Marchand, S. (2005). Literacy scores, human capital and growth across fourteen OECD countries. Ottawa: Statistics Canada and Human Resources and Skills Development Canada.

Galbraith, J.K. (1958) The Affluent Society. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1962.

Hart, B., and Risley, T.R. (1995). Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children. Baltimore : P.H. Brookes.

Human Resources Development Canada (2002). Knowledge Matters: Skills and Learning for Canadians. Hull, QU: Author.

Kanagarajah, S. (2003). Business Dynamics in Canada. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Krahn, H., and Lowe, G. S. (1998). Literacy utilization in Canadian workplaces. Ottawa: Statistics Canada and Human Resources Development Canada.

Maxwell, J. (1995). The social role of government in a knowledge-based economy. In P. Grady et al. (Eds.), Redefining Social Security. School of Policy Studies: Queen's University, Kingston.

McLuhan,  M. (1969). Counterblast.  New York:  Harcourt,  Brace,  and World.

Murray, T. S. (December, 2005). Aspects of Human Capital and the Knowledge Economy: Challenges for Measurement. Paper presented at the EUROSTAT conference, "Knowledge Economy: Challenges for Measurment". Luxembourg.

National Endowment for the Arts (2004). Reading At Risk: A Survey of Literary Reading in America, Research Division Report #46. Washington, DC: Author.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and Human Resources Development Canada (1997). Literacy Skill for the Knowledge Society: Further results of the International Adult Literacy Survey. Paris and Ottawa: Authors.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and Statistics Canada (2000). Literacy in the Information Age: Final Report of the International Adult Literacy Survey. Paris and Ottawa: Authors.

Schultz, T.W. (1963). The economic value of education. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Smith, A. (1776). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. London: Methuen and Co., Ltd. (ed. Edwin Cannan, 1904, Fifth edition.).

Statistics Canada (2004). Innovation and Productivity Growth, 1988 – 1997 in Innovation Analysis Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 3h, Ottawa: Author.

Statistics Canada and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (2005) Learning a Living: Initial Results of the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey. Ottawa: Authors.

UNESCO (2005). Literacy for Life: The Education for All Global Monitoring Report, 2006, Paris

Willms, J.D. (1999). Inequalities in literacy skills among youth in Canada and the United States. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada, Human Resources Development Canada, and National Literacy Secretariat.

Willms, J.D. (2005).  Skills, parental education and literacy practice in daily life. In Statistics Canada and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Eds.), Learning a Living: First results of the adult literacy and life skills survey (pp. 225-245). Ottawa and Paris: Statistics Canada and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Willms, J.D. (2006). Learning Divides: Ten Policy Questions about the Performance and Equity of Schools and Schooling Systems. Montreal, QU: UNESCO Institute for Statistics.

Yan, B. (2005). Demand for Skills in Canada: The Role of Foreign Outsourcing and Information-Communication Technology. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.