Table 5-20
Total intramural research and development expenditures — by field of science or technology

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Total intramural research and development expenditures — by field of science or technology
  2010 2011 p
  millions of dollars
Total 15,467 A 15,960 A
Natural and formal sciences 1,632 A 1,905 A
Mathematics 42 A 61 B
Computer and information sciences 737 A 810 A
Physical sciences 107 A 83 B
Chemical sciences 326 A 282 A
Earth and related environmental sciences 213 A 485 A
Biological sciences 196 A 166 B
Other natural sciences 11 A 17 A
Engineering and technology 11,783 A 12,081 A
Civil engineering 157 A 142 B
Software engineering 1,259 A 2,543 A
Electrical engineering, electronic engineering and information technology 4,352 A 3,222 A
Mechanical engineering 2,652 A 2,698 A
Chemical engineering 333 A 389 A
Materials engineering 814 A 762 A
Medical engineering 71 A 76 A
Environmental engineering 957 A 689 A
Environmental biotechnology 15 A 14 D
Industrial biotechnology 77 A 26 C
Nano-technology 15 A 15 B
Other engineering and technologies 1,082 A 1,505 A
Medical and health sciences 1,755 A 1,684 A
Basic medicine 663 A 504 A
Clinical medicine 529 A 508 A
Health sciences 74 A 92 A
Medical biotechnology 201 A 335 A
Other medical sciences 288 A 245 A
Agricultural sciences 296 A 290 A
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries 167 A 135 B
Animal and dairy science 60 A 53 B
Veterinary science A B
Agricultural biotechnology 34 A 54 B
Other agricultural sciences 30 A 44 A
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