Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

This report was prepared for the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCJS) with the financial support of the National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC) at the Department of Public Safety.

The author, currently on assignment with the Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance, Griffith University, gratefully acknowledges the contributions of Fritz Pierre from Statistics Canada for his invaluable advice and assistance related to the multilevel bootstrap estimation used in this analysis; Elizabeth Majewski from Statistics Canada for advice related to the use of the International Youth Survey; Marianna Morano of Statistics Canada for help in preparation of the school-level weights; and, not least, Mathieu Charron from CCJS for his skilled work on the preparation of the geocoded data.

The author would also like to thank the many reviewers of the paper for their very helpful comments on earlier drafts, as well as Colleen Thompson, Judith Côté and Marnie Wallace at CCJS for their indispensible work in preparing the manuscript.