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Homicide in Canada, 2006

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By Geoffrey Li, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

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Homicides account for only a relatively small proportion (0.02%) of all crime known to police in Canada each year. There are four types of Criminal Code offences that constitute homicide: first-degree murder, second-degree murder, manslaughter and infanticide.1 As part of the Homicide Survey, the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCJS) collects detailed police-reported information on all homicides that occur in Canada.

This Juristat examines homicide trends at the national, provincial/territorial and census metropolitan area (CMA) levels. Information describing the methods used to commit homicide (including the use of firearms), accused-victim relationships (such as spousal or other family-related homicides), gang-related homicides, involvement in illegal activities, and youth homicides is also presented.


  1. The classification of homicide incidents in this report is based upon initial police investigation. In the transition period from initial police investigation to final court disposition, the legal classification of an incident may change; however, this change will not be reflected in this report.

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