Table 5
Guilty cases by mean and median length of custody and probation sentence, adult criminal court, Canada, 2008/2009

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Offence category Custody Probation
Count Mean Median Count Mean Median
days days
Total offences 86,044 118 30 113,940 451 365
Criminal Code total 77,236 108 30 103,422 450 365
Crimes against the person 15,710 233 75 37,165 488 365
Homicide
73 2,510 1,825 13 898 1,095
Attempted murder
28 2,223 1,715 3 730 730
Robbery
2,128 613 420 1,462 665 730
Sexual assault
936 505 360 1,183 686 730
Other sexual offences
851 295 150 1,009 732 730
Major assault
4,820 165 90 8,114 515 365
Common assault
2,724 49 30 15,181 399 365
Uttering threats
3,059 65 30 7,666 496 365
Criminal harassment
434 76 31 1,484 619 545
Other crimes against the person
657 349 180 1,050 602 545
Crimes against property 23,782 107 30 34,425 443 365
Theft
10,382 52 30 13,488 406 365
Break and enter
4,544 254 150 5,226 549 540
Fraud
3,238 120 50 6,237 493 365
Mischief
1,571 35 15 5,668 375 365
Possess stolen property
3,176 84 45 3,048 421 365
Other property crimes
871 143 67 758 549 540
Administration of justice offences 26,434 26 14 19,077 391 365
Fail to appear
1,078 18 6 665 356 365
Breach of probation
12,028 29 15 8,589 403 365
Unlawfully at large
1,648 33 20 353 375 365
Fail to comply with order
9,780 19 7 6,947 380 365
Other administration of justice offences
1,900 39 15 2,523 395 365
Other Criminal Code offences 3,932 191 74 5,991 489 365
Weapons offences
2,135 150 60 3,278 481 365
Prostitution
139 99 10 233 381 365
Disturb the peace
180 17 6 531 318 365
Other offences
1,478 281 150 1,949 561 545
Criminal Code traffic offences 7,378 97 30 6,764 415 365
Impaired driving
3,370 84 30 3,819 402 365
Other Criminal Code traffic offences
4,008 108 45 2,945 432 365
Other federal statute offences 8,808 205 90 10,518 463 365
Drug possession
1,156 21 7 2,540 319 365
Drug trafficking
3,212 288 120 2,243 437 365
Youth Criminal Justice Act and Young Offenders Act
262 12 7 312 333 365
Other federal statutes
4,178 205 102 5,423 548 540
Note: Excludes cases where length of custody or probation was not known, and cases where the length of custody was specified as indeterminant. Cases sentenced to life imprisonment were recoded to 9,125 days (25 years) for the calculation of sentence length means. Time in custody prior to sentencing is taken into consideration when imposing a sentence. The length of time in custody prior to sentencing and the extent to which it influences the sanction imposed are not available from the survey. In Quebec, most drug offences are recorded under residual federal statutes, resulting in an undercount of drug possession and drug trafficking cases and an overcount of residual federal statute cases. This table does not include data from Manitoba. Coverage for Adult Criminal Court Survey data as of 2008/2009 is estimated at 95% adult criminal court caseload.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Adult Criminal Court Survey.

 

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