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  • In 2005/2006, the third year following the implementation of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA ), there were 3,724 youth admitted to sentenced custody, 14% fewer than the previous year and 18% fewer than in 2003/2004, the fiscal year in which the YCJA was implemented. Declines occurred in both secure and open custody admissions.

  • There were 13,681 youth admitted to remand (meaning custody while awaiting trial or sentencing) which was an increase of 2% from the previous year.

  • There were 12,550 admissions to probation in 2005/2006, marking a 2% decline from the previous year and a 24% decrease since the implementation of the YCJA in 2003/2004. Probation continued to account for 37% of all admissions to youth correctional services programs.

  • Compared to years prior to the implementation of the YCJA , 16- to 17-year-olds accounted for a larger proportion of youth admitted to sentenced custody. They accounted for 69% of youth admitted to sentenced custody in 2005/2006, compared to 53% in 2001/2002, the earliest comparable trend year prior to the implementation of the YCJA . The largest rise in their representation occurred in 2003/2004, the first year of the YCJA.

  • The proportion of youth admitted to sentenced custody for property offences decreased in 2005/2006, and no longer account for the largest proportion of admissions to sentenced custody. According to data from 6 jurisdictions, 26% of admissions to sentenced custody in 2005/2006 were for property offences, compared to 36% in 2001/2002. This change is largely a result of considerable decreases in the number of admissions to sentenced custody for property offences.

  • Compared to years prior to the implementation of the YCJA , a greater proportion of youth spent longer periods of time in sentenced custody. In 2005/2006, 43% of youth spent less than 1 month in custody compared to 50% in 2001/2002. Further in 2005/2006, 47% spent more than 1 month but less than 6 months, compared to 42% in 2001/2002.

  • There were approximately 7,500 Aboriginal youth admitted to either custody or probation in 2005/2006. Aboriginal youth represented 31% of admissions to sentenced custody, 23% of admissions to remand and 22% of admissions to probation, yet accounted for 6% of youth in Canada.

  1. Due to missing data from various jurisdictions for various years, data in the highlights are based on data from jurisdictions that consistently reported information over time. These jurisdictions differ across highlights.