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Arriaga, E., 1984. “Measuring and explaining the change in life expectancies.” Demography. Vol. 21, no. 1, 83–96.

Feng, Y., J. Bernier, C. McIntosh and H. Orpana. 2009. “Validation of disability categories derived from Health Utilities Index Mark 3 scores.” Health Reports. Vol. 20, no. 2, 1-7. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-003-XPE.

Greenberg, L. and C. Normandin. 2011. “Disparities in life expectancy.” Health at a Glance. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-624-X.

Kannisto, V. 2001. “Mode and dispersion of the length of life.” Population: An English Selection. Vol. 13, no.1, 159-171.

Nault, F. 1997. “Narrowing Mortality Gaps, 1978 to 1995.” Health Reports. Vol.9, no. 1, 35-41. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-003-XPB.

Preston, S. H., Heuveline, P., and Guillot, M. 2001. “Demography: Measuring and Modeling Population Processes.” Oxford, UK: Blackwell.

Public Health Agency of Canada. 2008. “The Chief Public Health Officer’s Report on the State of Public Health in Canada.”

Statistics Canada. Census In Brief Series. 2012. “Centenarians in Canada.”

Statistics Canada. 2012. Table 102-0122 - Health-adjusted life expectancy, at birth and at age 65, by sex and income, Canada and provinces, occasional. CANSIM (database).

Statistics Canada. Vital Statistics - Death Database. 2013.

Wister, A, and D. Wanless. 2007. “A Health Profile of Community-Living Nonagenarians in Canada.”Canadian Journal on Aging. Vol. 26, Issue 1, 1-18.

Wolfson M.C. 1996. “Health-adjusted life expectancy.” Health Reports. Vol. 8, no. 1, 41-46. Statistics Canada.

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