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Data quality, concepts and methodology
Pregnancies. Pregnancies equal the sum of: live births, induced abortions, and fetal loss (including stillbirths and hospitalized cases of miscarriages, illegally induced abortion, other and unspecified abortion). Cases of abnormal products of conception (for example, moles, missed abortions and ectopic pregnancies) are not included. Estimates of pregnancies are based on the date of termination and not on the date of conception.
Live births. The complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which, after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached.
Induced abortions. Induced abortion is defined as the medical termination of pregnancy. Equivalent terms include: artificial abortion, therapeutic abortion, voluntary termination of pregnancy, elective termination of pregnancy, and active termination of pregnancy. The source of induced abortion data is the Therapeutic Abortion Survey which collects data on induced abortions performed in hospitals and clinics in Canada as well as abortions performed on Canadian women in selected American states.
Fetal loss. Fetal loss includes stillbirths and hospitalized cases of miscarriages, illegal abortions and unspecified abortions.