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Health Reports – February 15, 2023

Mortality inequalities of Black identifying adults in Canada
By Michael Tjepkema, Tanya Christidis, Toyib Olaniyan and Jeremiah Hwee

Mortality rates in Canada have been shown to vary by population groups (e.g., Indigenous peoples, immigrants) and social economic status (e.g., income levels). Mortality patterns for some groups, including Black individuals, are not as well known. The objective of this study was to assess cause-specific mortality for Black adults living in Canada. Data are from the 2001, 2006 and 2011 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHECs).

Online digital media use and adolescent mental health
By Stacie Kerr and Mila Kingsbury

Online digital media are a central part of adolescents’ lives, providing opportunities for social connection. However, some research has suggested that online digital media use may be negatively associated with mental health. Using data from 13,600 adolescents aged 12-17 drawn from the 2019 Canadian Health Survey on Children and Youth, the purpose of the present study was to examine differential associations between different types of online digital media use and mental health among Canadian adolescents.

Health Utilities Index Mark 3 scores for non-adults: Population norms for Canada based on cycles 5 (2016 and 2017) and 6 (2018 and 2019) of the Canadian Health Measures Survey
By Mariana Molina, Brittany Humphries, Jason R Guertin, David Feeny and Jean-Eric Tarride

Utility scores are an important tool for evaluating health-related quality of life. Utility score norms have been published for Canadian adults, but no nationally representative utility score norms are available for non-adults. Using Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) data from two recent cycles of the Canadian Health Measured Survey (i.e., 2016-2017 and 2018-2019), this is the first study  to provide utility score norms for children aged 6 to 11 years and adolescents aged 12 to 17 years.

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