Health Reports

A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

January 2021

Do fit kids have fit parents?

by Rachel C. Colley, Janine Clarke, Caroline Y. Doyon, Ian Janssen, Justin J. Lang, Brian W. Timmons and Mark S. Tremblay

The physical fitness (i.e., the ability to perform physical activity) of Canadian children declined from 1980 to 2007, and then remained relatively stable from 2007 to 2017. High physical fitness is associated with many health benefits and is an important indicator of future health status among children. The interrelationships among fitness, obesity, physical activity and health are well established, and are sensitive to a myriad of socioeconomic influences. The health status and lifestyle habits of parents have been proposed as important sources of influence.

Abstract Full article PDF version The Daily release

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Do fit kids have fit parents?

Characterizing people experiencing homelessness and trends in homelessness using population-level emergency department visit data in Ontario, Canada

by Stephenson Strobel, Ivana Burcul, Jia Hong Dai, Zechen Ma, Shaila Jamani, and Rahat Hossain

Homelessness is a widespread social concern in Canada and many other developed countries. More than 235,000 people in Canada experience homelessness in any given year, and 25,000 to 35,000 people may be experiencing homelessness on any given night. Homelessness can encompass a range of circumstances, including living on the streets or in places not meant for habitation; staying in overnight or emergency shelters; living temporarily as a “hidden” homeless person with friends, family or strangers, or in motels, hostels or rooming houses; and residing in precarious or inadequate housing. Understanding the composition of this population, whether homelessness is increasing, and where homelessness is a problem is important for planning and policy. However, there are numerous challenges in performing a census of people experiencing homelessness, and these can generate doubts about the quality of actionable information.

Abstract Full article PDF version The Daily release

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