Health Reports

A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

November 2019

Sexual orientation and complete mental health

by Heather Gilmour

Lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are more likely to experience depression, anxiety, suicidality and substance abuse than their heterosexual counterparts. Social stresses experienced in sexual minority populations, such as stigma, prejudice and discrimination, in addition to internalized feelings of negativity and expectations of rejection, are thought to be part of the explanation for these differences in risk for mental disorders.

Abstract Full article PDF version The Daily release

Related articles

Sexual orientation and complete mental health

Validation of a brief measure of combat exposure among Canadian Armed Forces personnel

by Kerry A. Sudom, Robert Nesdole and Mark A. Zamorski

Research has consistently shown that exposure to military combat is associated with a host of mental health problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and alcohol misuse, with PTSD showing the strongest association. In addition, combat exposure has been linked to substance abuse, suicidal ideation, injury and traumatic brain injury. To understand how combat affects adverse health outcomes, sound measurement of combat experiences is required. Generic trauma measures have items that map conceptually to military experiences (e.g., exposure to combat or peacekeeping), but there are several limitations to using these measures: a lack of clarity as to what precise experiences underlie a respondents’ endorsement of an item, an inability to capture the broad range of intensity of combat experiences, and an inability to tie other trauma items from the inventory to military service.

Abstract Full article PDF version The Daily release

Date modified: