Health Reports

A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

August 2019

Accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity of Canadian adults, 2007 to 2017

by Janine Clarke, Rachel Colley, Ian Janssen and Mark S. Tremblay

Physical inactivity is associated with an increased risk of several chronic diseases and premature mortality. It is estimated that physical inactivity is responsible for 3.7% of total direct and indirect health care costs in Canada ($6.8 billion/year). The current Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines recommend that adults accumulate at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per week in bouts of at least 10 minutes, in addition to engaging in muscle and bone strengthening activities at least twice a week. Before accelerometers were adopted for use in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) in 2007, physical activity prevalence and trend data in Canada were assessed using self-reported and pedometer-measured data only.

Abstract Full article PDF version The Daily release

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Accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity of Canadian adults, 2007 to 2017

Unperceived hearing loss among Canadians aged 40 to 79

by Pamela L. Ramage-Morin, Rex Banks, Dany Pineault and Maha Atrach

Hearing loss consistently ranks among the top five causes of years lived with a disability In Canada, an estimated 19% of adults (4.6 million) have at least mild hearing loss in the speech-frequency range (0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz). An even larger percentage of the adult population—35% (8.4 million)—have some degree of hearing loss in the high-frequency range (3, 4, 6 and 8 kHz), which is where age-related hearing loss typically begins. In addition to the aging process, hearing loss may also result from hereditary factors, some chronic conditions, noise exposure, ototoxic substances and medications, or other factors . The diminished ability to process acoustic information can impede communication. For example, it can be difficult to hear or understand speech, converse in noisy environments and identify where sound is coming from.

Abstract Full article PDF version The Daily release

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Unperceived hearing loss among Canadians aged 40 to 79

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