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A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

November 2015

Housing and health among Inuit children

by Dafna E. Kohen, Evelyne Bougie and Anne Guèvremont

Inuit children are generally in poorer health than other children in Canada. This disparity has been associated with socioeconomic and household characteristics, which include housing conditions.


Omega-3 Index of Canadian adults

by Kellie Langlois and Walisundera M. N. Ratnayake

The fatty acid composition of red blood cells (RBC) is an indicator of health and nutritional status. Two fatty acids—eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)—have been associated with cardioprotective effects.1-4 Incorporation of EPA and DHA into red blood cell membranes changes the properties of the cell. Such changes include improving blood flow, reducing inflammation, and lowering blood triglyceride levels.


A surveillance tool to assess diets according to Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide

by Lisa-Anne Elvidge Munene, Lydia Dumais, Krista Esslinger, Elaine Jones-Mclean, Elizabeth Mansfield, Marie-France Verreault, Maya Villeneuve, Doris Miller and Sylvie St-Pierre

The Canadian Nutrient File (CNF), Canada’s standard reference food composition database, is used to analyze data collected by food consumption and nutrition surveys. The 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) was the most recent survey to collect food consumption data for Canada. Based on these data, the diets of Canadians have been assessed in relation to recommendations in Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide (CFG).  However, the methods researchers have applied to identify foods consistent with CFG  have differed.

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