Health Reports

A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

July 2015

Comparison of Physical Activity Adult Questionnaire results with accelerometer data

by Didier Garriguet, Sylvain Tremblay and Rachel C. Colley

Physical activity is a key element in health behaviour surveillance programs. In 1994/1995, Statistics Canada adopted the Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (LTPA) in the National Population Health Survey (NPHS). In addition to the nine NPHS cycles (1994/1995 to 2011/2012), this questionnaire was used in the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) from 2001 to 2014 and in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) from 2007 to 2011.

Walk Score® and the prevalence of utilitarian walking and obesity among Ontario adults: A cross-sectional study

by Maria Chiu, Baiju R. Shah, Laura C. Maclagan, Mohammad-Reza Rezai, Peter C. Austin and Jack V. Tu

The rising prevalence of obesity in Canada has led researchers to examine not only individual behaviours, but also, environmental factors that may be contributing to the increase. Interest is growing in potential effects of the built environment, notably, neighbourhood walkability, on the risk of obesity and related diseases.

Prevalence of hearing loss among Canadians aged 20 to 79: Audiometric results from the 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey

by Katya Feder, David Michaud, Pamela Ramage-Morin, James McNamee and Yves Beauregard

Hearing loss is an important public health concern with far-reaching implications. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the World Health Organization reported adult-onset hearing loss to be one of the leading causes of years lost due to disability (YLD); in 2001, hearing loss accounted for 4.7% of total YLD due to all causes, with the total global YLD for hearing loss estimated at 24.9 million years. As well, hearing loss has been associated with worse quality of life and functional outcomes. The personal consequences may include social isolation, depression, safety issues, mobility limitations, and reduced income and employment opportunities. Yet despite the importance of hearing for daily functioning, hearing loss is often unrecognized and undertreated.

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