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A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

July 2013

Cause-specific mortality by income adequacy in Canada: A 16-year follow-up study

by Michael Tjepkema, Russell Wilkins and Andrea Long

Income is a well-established health determinant—people with lower incomes tend to experience less favourable health outcomes, including poorer self-rated health, higher prevalence of disease, and decreased life expectancy, than do people with higher incomes. Income influences health most directly through access to material resources such as better quality food and shelter.

Acute myocardial infarction hospitalization and treatment: Areas with a high percentage of First Nations identity residents

by Helen Ke Wei-Randall, Mélanie Josée Davidson, Jing Jin, Sushma Mathur and Lisa Oliver

Deaths from acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, are 25% higher among First Nations men and 55% higher among First Nations women than among non-Aboriginal Canadians. Appropriate and timely health care after an AMI can reduce mortality and improve a survivor's quality of life. Hospital treatment interventions for AMI focus on restoring blood flow to the heart by removing or bypassing blockages. This can be achieved through pharmaceutical interventions to dissolve blood clots, and through revascularization: percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

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