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1. Greenberg L, Normandin C. Disparities in life expectancy at birth. Health at a Glance (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-624-X) 2011. Available at: at Accessed April 19, 2012.

2.  Romanow R. Building on Values: The Future of Health Care in Canada – Final Report. Ottawa: Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, 2002.

3.  Bjerregaard P, Young TK, Dewailly E, Ebbesson SOE. Indigenous health in the Arctic: an overview of the circumpolar Inuit population. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2004; 32(5): 390-5.

4.  Carrière G, Tjepkema M, Pennock J, Goedhuis N. Cancer patterns in Inuit Nunangat, 1998-2007. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2012; 71 (18581).

5.  Oliver LN, Peters PA, Kohen DE. Mortality rates among children and youth aged 1 to 19 living in Inuit Nunangat, 1994-2008. Health Reports 2012; 23(3): 17-22.

6.  Penny C, Senécal S, Bobet E. Mortalité par suicide dans les collectives inuites au Canada: taux et effets des caractéristiques des collectivités. Cahiers québécois de démographie 2009; 38(2): 311-43.

7.  Zhong-Cheng L, Senécal S, Simonet F, et al. Birth outcomes in the Inuit-inhabited areas of Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2010; 182(3): 235-42.

8.  Peters PA. Causes and contributions to differences in life expectancy for Inuit Nunangat and Canada, 1994-2003. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69: 66-77.

9.  Peters PA. Shifting transitions: health inequalities in Inuit Nunangat in perspective. Journal of Rural and Community Development 2012; 7(1): 36-58.

10. Peters PA, Oliver LN, Carrière GM. Geozones: an area-based method for analysis of health outcomes. Health Reports 2012; 23(1): 55-64.

11.  Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. Inuit of Canada. Ottawa: Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, 2011.

12.  Wolfson MC. On the uses of summary measures of population health. In: Murray CJL, Salomon JA, Mathers CD, Lopez AD, eds. Summary Measures of Population Health: Concepts, Ethics, Measurement and Applications. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002.

13.  Green ME. Reporting Infant Mortality Rates for Aboriginal Populations in Canada: A Jurisdictional Review of Methodologies. Final Reports of the CPSS, HIAD-FINHB, AFN, ITK, and MNC Joint Working Group for the Improvement of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Infant Mortality Data. Ottawa: Health Canada, 2009.

14. Wilkins R, Uppal S, Finès P, et al. Life expectancy in the Inuit-inhabited areas of Canada, 1989 to 2003. Health Reports 2008; 19(1): 1-13.

15.  Murray CJL, Salomon JA, Mathers CD, Lopez AD.  Summary Measures of Population Health: Concepts, Ethics, Measurement, and Applications. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002.

16.  Foliaki S, Pearce M. Changing pattern of ill health for Indigenous people. British Medical Journal 2003; 327(7412): 406-7.

17.  Mackenbach JP, Stirbu I, Roskam A-JR, et al. Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries. New England Journal of Medicine 2004; 358(23): 2468-81.

18. Chiang CL. The Life Table and Its Applications. Malabar: Robert E Krieger Publishing Company, 1984.

19.  Toson B, Baker A. Life Expectancy at Birth: Methodological Options for Small Populations. Report No: 33. Norwich, United Kingdom: Office for National Statistics, 2003.

20.  Arriaga EE. Measuring and explaining the change in life expectancies. Demography 1984; 21(1): 83-96.

21. Ponnapalli KM. A comparison of different methods for decomposition of changes in expectation of life at birth and differentials in life expectancy at birth. Demographic Research 2005; 12(7): 141-72.

22.  Preston SH, Hueveline P, Guillot M. Demography: Measuring and Modeling Population Processes. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2001.

23.  Auger N, Harper S, Barry AD, et al. Life expectancy gap between the Francophone majority and Anglophone minority of a Canadian population. European Journal of Epidemiology 2012; 27(1): 27-38.

24.  Auger N, Alix C, Zang G, Daniel M. Sex, age, deprivation and patterns in life expectancy in Quebec, Canada: a population-based study. BMC Public Health 2010; 10(161).

25.  Wen CP, Tsai SP, Shih Y-T, Chung W-SI. Bridging the gap in life expectancy of the aborigines in Taiwan. International Journal of Epidemiology 2004; 33(2): 320-7.

26.  Zhao Y, Dempsey K. Causes of inequality in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in the Northern Territory, 1981-2000: a decomposition analysis. Medical Journal of Australia 2006; 184(10): 490-4.

27.  Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 107-0706. Available at: Accessed April 19, 2012.

28.  Richmond CAM. The social determinants of Inuit health: a focus on social support in the Canadian Arctic. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2009; 68(5): 471-87.

29.  Garner R, Carrière G, Sanmartin C, The Longitudinal Health and Administrative Data Research Team. The health of First Nations living off-reserve, Inuit, and Métis adults in Canada: The impact of socio-economic status on inequalities in health. Health Research Working Paper Series. No. 004 (Catalogue 82-622-X) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010.

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