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36.  Irwin DE, Milsom I, Hunskaar S, et al. Population-based survey of urinary incontinence, overactive bladder and other lower urinary tract symptoms in five countries: Results of the EPIC Study. European Urology 2006; 50: 1306-15.

37.  Hampel C, Artibani W, Espuña Pons M, et al. Understanding the burden of stress urinary incontinence in Europe: A qualitative review of the literature. European Urology 2004; 46: 15-27.

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41.  Teunissen D, Van Den Bosch W, Van Weel C, Lagro-Janssen T. "It can always happen�: The impact of urinary incontinence on elderly men and women. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care 2006; 24(3): 1666-73.

42.  Tennstedt SL, Chiu GR, Link CL, et al. The effects of serverity of urine leakage on quality of life in Hispanic, White and Black men and women: The Boston Community Health (BACH) Survey. Urology 2010; 75(1): 27-33.

43.  Ouslander JG, Abelson S. Perceptions of urinary incontinence among elderly outpatients. The Gerontologist 1990; 30(3): 369-72.

44.  Dugan E, Cohen SJ, Robinson D, et al. The quality of life of older adults with urinary incontinence: determining generic and conditions-specific predictors. Quality of Life Research 1998; 7(4): 334-7.

45.  de Vries HF, Northington GM, Bogner HR. Urinary incontinence (UI) and new psychological distress among community dwelling older adults. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2012; 55(1): 49-54.

46.  Dugan E, Roberts CP, Cohen SJ, et al. Why older community-dwelling adults do not discuss urinary incontinence with their primary care physicians. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2001; 49: 462-5.

47.  Wallner LP, Porten S, Meenan RT, et al. Prevalence and severity of undiagnosed urinary incontinence in women. The American Journal of Medicine 2009; 122: 1037-42.

48.  Melville JL, Katon W, Delaney K, Newton K. Urinary incontinence in US women. Archives of Internal Medicine 2005; 165: 537-42.

49.  Coyne KS, Sexton CC, Irwin DE, et al. The impact of overactive bladder, incontinence and other lower urinary tract symptoms on quality of life, work productivity, sexuality and emotional well-being in men and women : results from the WPIC study. BJU International 2008; 101(11): 1388-95.

50.  Fonda D, Woodward M, D'Astoli M, Chin WF. Sustained improvement of subjective quality of life in older community-dwelling people after treatment of urinary incontinence. Age and Ageing 1995; 24: 283-6.

51.  Lee PS, Reid DW, Saltmarche A, Linton L. Measuring the psychosocial impact of urinary incontince: the York Incontinence Perceptions Scale (YIPS). Journal of the American Geriatric Society 1995; 43(11): 1275-8.

52.  Medical Advisory Secretariat. Behavioural interventions for urinary incontinence in community-dwelling seniors: an evidence-based analysis. Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series 2008; 8(3).

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