Table 3
Age-adjusted and fully adjusted odds ratios relating selected characteristics to poor self-reported health in Wave 3, by sex, recent immigrants who reported good health in Waves 1 and 2, Canada, Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada, 2001 to 2005

Table 3
Age-adjusted and fully adjusted odds ratios relating selected characteristics to poor self-reported health in Wave 3, by sex, recent immigrants who reported good health in Waves 1 and 2, Canada, Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada, 2001 to 2005
Table summary
This table displays the results of age-adjusted and fully adjusted odds ratios relating selected characteristics to poor self-reported health. The information is grouped by characteristics (appearing as row headers), men, women, age-adjusted odds ratio, 95% confidence interval (from and to), fully adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (from and to) (appearing as column headers).
Characteristics Men Women
Age-adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval Fully adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval Age-adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval Fully adjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval
from to from to from to from to
Age (Wave 3)  
15 to 24 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
25 to 44 1.78* 0.78 4.09 1.54 0.61 3.90 5.60* 2.16 14.53 5.46* 2.01 14.81
45 or older 3.07* 1.34 7.04 2.41 0.97 5.99 13.06* 5.05 33.78 12.09* 4.49 32.55
Language proficiency (Wave 1 to Wave 2)  
Persistently good 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Gaining 1.38 0.83 2.30 1.21 0.68 2.17 1.10 0.68 1.76 0.94 0.57 1.55
Losing 1.75 0.67 4.56 1.52 0.56 4.15 1.23 0.55 2.76 1.08 0.48 2.42
Persistently poor 2.82* 1.83 4.34 2.44* 1.46 4.08 2.93* 2.17 3.95 2.02* 1.35 3.02
GDP per capita in country of origin (Wave 1)  
L1 (lowest) 1.28 0.59 2.76 0.64 0.25 1.64 1.65 0.79 3.44 0.99 0.40 2.43
L2 1.17 0.67 2.04 0.91 0.49 1.70 2.10* 1.27 3.48 1.38 0.79 2.41
L3 0.85 0.43 1.67 0.79 0.38 1.62 1.34 0.74 2.43 1.20 0.66 2.19
L4 (highest) 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Immigration class (Wave 1)  
Refugee 2.30* 1.42 3.74 2.36* 1.13 4.91 1.96* 1.27 3.03 1.66 0.91 3.02
Family 1.22 0.77 1.93 1.21 0.65 2.24 1.47* 1.09 1.97 1.27 0.87 1.83
Skilled workers (including business class) 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Visible minority (Wave 1)  
Yes 1.58 0.93 2.67 1.15 0.60 2.21 2.15* 1.36 3.40 1.40 0.80 2.43
No 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Education at entry (Wave 1)  
Less than secondary graduation 1.76 0.85 3.65 1.01 0.40 2.55 2.28* 1.28 4.08 1.18 0.55 2.53
Secondary graduation 1.73 0.86 3.45 1.22 0.51 2.88 2.49* 1.37 4.52 1.76 0.88 3.52
Some postsecondary 1.16 0.58 2.33 0.96 0.45 2.04 1.61 0.92 2.81 1.36 0.74 2.50
University graduation 1.49 0.84 2.65 1.34 0.73 2.45 1.42 0.82 2.43 1.37 0.77 2.43
Master's or more 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Family income (Wave 2)  
No income 1.64 0.97 2.78 1.43 0.76 2.69 0.97 0.63 1.49 0.83 0.52 1.33
Low income 1.66* 1.07 2.56 1.29 0.81 2.05 1.29 0.93 1.79 1.07 0.75 1.54
High income 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Missing 1.24 0.41 3.72 1.19 0.39 3.65 0.99 0.44 2.24 0.91 0.39 2.12
Health care access problem (Wave 2)  
No 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Yes 1.33 0.81 2.19 1.20 0.71 2.02 1.93* 1.38 2.72 2.10* 1.44 3.07
Job satisfaction (Wave 2)  
Not working 1.49* 1.11 2.01 0.91 0.58 1.42 1.49* 1.11 2.01 1.24 0.89 1.72
No 1.54 0.87 2.74 1.36 0.75 2.45 1.54 0.87 2.74 1.24 0.67 2.29
Yes 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Social participation (Wave 2)  
No 0.94 0.63 1.41 0.88 0.57 1.37 1.40 1.00 1.96 1.16 0.81 1.67
Yes 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Housing satisfaction (Wave 3)  
No 1.66* 1.01 2.73 1.26 0.73 2.17 1.64* 1.11 2.42 1.42 0.92 2.18
Yes 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Social support (Wave 3)  
No 1.52 0.74 3.12 1.33 0.60 2.95 2.16* 1.14 4.11 1.76 0.90 3.44
Some 1.00 0.62 1.61 1.00 0.60 1.66 1.58* 1.05 2.36 1.50 0.99 2.29
A great deal 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Friendliness of neighbours (Wave 3)  
No 1.05 0.19 5.90 1.04 0.18 6.10 1.48 0.71 3.09 1.58 0.73 3.44
Neutral 1.51* 1.01 2.25 1.27 0.84 2.01 1.53* 1.12 2.09 1.43* 1.02 2.00
Yes 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Perceived discrimination (Wave 3)  
No 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Rarely 1.86* 1.03 3.36 1.86 0.98 3.53 1.42 0.88 2.29 1.43 0.84 2.41
Often/Always 2.61* 1.74 3.90 2.50* 1.60 3.90 1.13 0.78 1.65 1.11 0.73 1.68
Residence (Wave 3)  
Toronto 1.00 ... ... 1.00 1.00 ... ... 1.00
Vancouver 2.25* 1.35 3.76 1.95* 1.14 3.31 1.50* 1.06 2.13 1.41 0.96 2.07
Montreal 1.31 0.71 2.43 1.52 0.80 2.88 0.90 0.55 1.22 0.94 0.55 1.58
Calgary/Edmonton 1.15 0.59 2.23 1.11 0.54 2.29 0.75 0.46 1.22 0.82 0.48 1.38
Others 1.23 0.74 2.02 1.26 0.72 2.18 0.71 0.48 1.06 0.85 0.56 1.28
reference category
* significantly different from reference category (p<0.05)
... not applicable
Source: Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada, Waves 1, 2 and 3.
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