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1. Hyman I. Immigration and health. Health Policy Working Paper Series. Working Paper 01-05. Ottawa: Health Canada, 2001.

2. Hyman I. Immigration and Health: Reviewing Evidence of the Healthy Immigrant Effect in Canada. Joint Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement –Toronto CERIS Working Paper No. 55. Toronto: Joint Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement, 2007.

3. Newbold KB. Self-rated health within the Canadian immigrant population: risk and the healthy immigrant effect. Social Science and Medicine 2005; 60: 1359-70.

4. Ng E, Wilkins R, Gendron F, Berthelot J-M. Dynamics of immigrants' health in Canada: evidence from the National Population Health Survey. Healthy Today, Healthy Tomorrow? Findings from the National Population Health Survey (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-618) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2005.

5. Ali J. Mental health of Canada's immigrants. Health Reports 2002; 13 (Suppl.): 1-11. 

6. Lou Y, Beaujot R. What Happens to the 'Healthy Immigrant Effect: The Mental Health of Immigrants to Canada.  Discussion paper no. 05-15. London, Ontario:  Population Studies Centre, University of Western Ontario, 2005.

7. Stafford M, Newbold BK, Ross NA. Psychological distress among immigrants and visible minorities in Canada: a contextual analysis. International Journal of Social Psychiatry (prepublication). April 8, 2010, doi: 10.1177/0020764010365407.

8. Chen J, Ng E, Wilkins R. The health of Canada's immigrants in 1994-95. Health Reports 1996; 7(4): 33-45.

9. Newbold KB, Danforth J. Health status and Canada's immigrant population. Social Science and Medicine 2003; 57, 1881-995.

10. Saposnik G, Redelmeier DA, Lu H, et al. Myocardial infarction associated with recency of immigration to Ontario. Quarterly Journal of Medicine 2010; 103(4): 253-8.

11. Saposnik G, Redelmeier DA, Lu H, et al. Risk of premature stroke in recent immigrants (PRESARIO): population-based matched cohort study. Neurology 2010;74(6): 451-7.

12. Chen J, Wilkins R, Ng E. Health expectancy by immigrant status. Health Reports 1996; 8(3): 29-37.

13. Wilkins R, Tjepkema M, Mustard C, Choinére R. The Canadian census mortality follow-up study, 1991 through 2001. Health Reports 2008; 19(3): 25-43. 

14. Urquia ML, Frank JW, Moineddin R, Glazier RH. Immigrants' duration of residence and adverse birth outcomes: a population-based study. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2010; 117(5): 591-601.

15. Vissandjée B, Weinfeld M, Dupere S, Abdool S. Sex, gender, ethnicity, and access to health care services: Research and policy challenges for immigrant women in Canada. Journal of International Migration and Integration 2001; 2(1): 55-75.

16. Steele L, Lemieux C, Clark J, Glazier R. The impact of policy changes on the health of recent immigrants and refugees in the inner city. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2002; 93(2): 118-22.

17. Dunn JR, Dyck I. Social determinants of health in Canada's immigrant population: Results from the National Population Health Survey. Social Science and Medicine 2000; 51: 1573-93.

18. Stewart M, Anderson J, Mwakarimba E, et al. Multicultural meanings of social support. International Migration 2008; 46(3): 123-59.

19. Spitzer DL. In visible bodies: minority women, nurses, time and the new economy of care. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 2004; 18(4): 490-508.

20. De Maio FG, Kemp E. The deterioration of health status among immigrants to Canada. Global Public Health 2009; 1-17. 

21. Canadian Council on Learning. Health Literacy in Canada: A Healthy Understanding. Ottawa: Canadian Council on Learning, 2008. 

22. Zhao J, Xue L, Gilkinson T.  Health status and social capital of recent immigrants in Canada: Evidence from the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada. In: Sweetman A, Ruddick Worswick E, eds. Canadian Immigration: Economic Evidence for a Dynamic Policy Environment. Kingston, Ontario: Queen's University Press, 2010. 

23. Llácer A, Zunzunegui MV, Lucia Azarrasa JA, Bolumar F. The contribution of a gender perspective to the understanding of migrant health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2007; 61(Suppl. II): ii4-10.

24. Spitzer DL. Engendering health disparities. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2005; 96 (Suppl. 2): S78-96.

25. Thurston W, Vissandjée B. An ecological model for understanding culture as a determinant of women's health. Critical Public Health 2005; 15(3): 229-42.

26. Vissandjée B, Desmeules M, Cao Z, Abdool S, Kazanjian A. Integrating ethnicity and immigration as determinants of Canadian women's health. Women's Health Surveillance Report: Supplementary Chapters. Ottawa: Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2004: 5-7.

27. Newbold KB. The short term health of Canada's new immigrant arrivals: evidence from LSIC. Ethnicity and Health 2009; 14(3): 315-36. 

28. Canadian Institute of Health Information. Housing and Population Health: The State of Current Research Knowledge. Ottawa: Canadian Institute of Health Information, 2004.

29. Canadian Institute of Planners. Plan Canada Special Issue: Welcoming Communities: Planning for Diverse Populations. Ottawa: Canadian Institute of Planners, 2009 

30. Health Canada. People, place and health. Health Policy Research Bulletin. Issue 14. Ottawa: Health Canada, 2007.

31. Pottie K, Ng E, Spitzer D, et al. Language proficiency, gender and self-reported health: An analysis of the first two waves of the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2008; 99(6): 505-10.

32. Carliner G. Wage differences by language group and the market for language skills in Canada. Journal of Human Resources 1981; 16(3): 384-99. 

33. Chiswick BR, Miller P. Language Skills and Immigrant Adjustment: What Immigration Policy Can Do. IZA Discussion Paper 1419. Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor, 2006. 

34. Chiswick BR,  Lee WL, Miller P. Immigrant Selection Systems and Immigrant Health. IZA Discussion Paper 2345. Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor, 2006. 

35. Chiswick B, Lee WL, Miller P.  Immigrant selection systems and immigrant health. Contemporary Economic Policy 2008; 26(4): 555-77. 

36. Grondin C. Knowledge of Official Languages among New Immigrants: How Important is it in the Labour Market? (Statisics Canada, Catalogue 89-624-XIE) Ottawa: Minister of Industry, 2007. 

37. Chui T, Tran K, Maheux H. Immigration in Canada: A Portrait of the Foreign-born Population, 2006 Census (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 97-557-XIE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2007.

38. Simard M, Leesti T, Denis J. Tracing and non-response adjustment for the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada. Proceedings of Statistics Canada Symposium 2003 (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 11-522-XIE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2003.

39. Statistics Canada. Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada, Wave 3 - Microdata User Guide. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2007.

40. Chui T. Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada: Process, Progress and Prospects (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 89-611-XIE) Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2003.

41. Hoeymans N, Feskens E, Kromhout D, et al.   Ageing and the relationship between functional status and self-rated health in elderly men. Social Science and Medicine 1997; 45(1): 1527-36.

42. Miilunpalo S, Vuori I, Oja P, et al. Self-rated health status as a health measure: The predictive value of self-reported health status on the use of physician services and on mortality in the working-age population. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1997; 50(5): 517-28.

43. McDonald JT, Kennedy S. Insights into the 'healthy immigrant effect': health status and health service use of immigrants to Canada. Social Science and Medicine 2004; 59: 1613-27.

44. Kaplan G, Comacho T. Self-evaluated health and mortality: a nine-year follow up of the human population laboratory component. American Journal of Epidemiology 1993; 117: 292-305.

45. Heston A, Summers R, Aten B.  Penn World Table Version 6.2. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Center for International Comparisons of Production, Income and Prices at the University of Pennsylvania, 2006.

46. Public Health Agency of Canada. Chief Public Health Officer Report Addressing Health Inequality.  Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada, 2008.

47. Bouchard L, Gaboury I, Chomienne AH, et al. La santé en situation linguistique minoritaire.  Healthcare Policy 2009; 4(4): 36-42.

48. Gagnon A. Responsiveness of the Canadian Health Care System Towards Newcomers. Discussion Paper 40 (Catalogue CP32-79/40-2002E-IN) Royal Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada, 2002.

49. Pottie K, Brown JB, Dunn S. The resettlement of Central American men in Canada: from emotional distress to successful integration. Refuge 2005; 22(2): 101-11.

50. Freire M. The Latin American exile experience from a gender perspective: a psychodynamic assessment. Refuge 1995; 14: 20-5.

51. Brooker AS, Eakin J. Gender, class, work-related stress and health: toward a power-centred approach. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology 2001; 11: 97-109.

52. Din-Dzietham R, Nembhard W, Collins R, Davis S. Perceived stress following race-based discrimination at work is associated with hypertension in African-Americans. The Metro Atlanta Heart Disease Study, 1999-2001. Social Science and Medicine 2004; 58: 449-61.

53. Krieger N.  Embodying inequality: A review of concepts, measures, and methods for studying health consequences of discrimination. International Journal of Health Services 1999; 29(2): 295-352.

54. VanderPlaat M. Integration Outcomes for Immigrant Women in Canada: A Review of the Literature 2000-2007. AMC Working Paper No.7. Halifax: Atlantic Metropolis Centre, 2007.

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