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Canadians' eating habits

  1. Béland Y.  Canadian Community Health Survey — Methodological overview. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003) 2002; 13(3): 9-14.

  2. Health Canada. Canadian Nutrient File, 2005 Version. Available at:

  3. Novenario MJ. User’s Guide to SIDE, A, August 1996. Available at:
    Accessed September 12, 2005.

  4. Dodd KW. 1996. Technical Guide to C-SIDE (Software for Intake Distribution Estimation), Version 1.0., Dietary Assessment Research Series Report 9, A, September 1996.  Available at:\96tr32.pdf.
    Accessed September 12, 2005.

  5. Health Canada. Canada’s Food Guide to Healthy Eating for People Four Years Old and Over (Catalogue H39-2521/1992E) Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 1997.

  6. Rao JNK, Wu CFJ, Yue K. Some recent work on resampling methods for complex surveys. Survey Methodology (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 12-001) 1992: 18(2): 209-17.

  7. Rust KF, Rao JNK. Variance estimation for complex surveys using replication techniques. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 1996; 5(3): 281-310.

  8. Yeo D, Mantel H, Liu TP. Bootstrap variance estimation for the National Population Health Survey. American Statistical Association: Proceedings of the Survey Research Methods Section. Baltimore, Maryland: American Statistical Association, August 1999.

  9. National Health and Welfare. Food Consumption Patterns Report. Ottawa: Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, 1977.

  10. Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2005.

  11. Trends in intake of energy and macronutrients: United States, 1971-2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2004; 53(4): 80-2. Available at:

  12. Health Canada. Canada’s Food Guides from 1942 to 1992 (Catalogue H39-651) Ottawa: Health Canada, 2002.

  13. Lusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, et al. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. Journal of the American Statistical Association 1996; 91(436): 1440-9.

  14. Tietyen JL, Fleming KH. Nutrient intake of breakfast vs. non-breakfast eaters. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1995; 95(9 Suppl.): A55.

  15. Song WO, Chun OK, Obayashi S, et al. Is consumption of breakfast associated with body mass index in US adults? Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2005; 105(9): 1373-82.

  16. Moshfegh AJ, Borrud L, Perloff B, et al. Improved method for the 24-hour dietary recall for use in national surveys. The FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1999; 13: A603 (abstract).

  17. Moshfegh AJ, Raper N, Ingwersen L, et al. An improved approach to 24-hour dietary recall methodology. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 2001; 45(Suppl.): 156 (abstract).

  18. Conway JM, Ingwersen LA, Moshfegh AJ. Accuracy of dietary recall using the USDA five-step multiple-pass method in men: an observational validation study. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2004; 104(4): 595-603.

  19. Conway JM, Ingwersen LA, Vinyard BT, et al. Effectiveness of the US Department of Agriculture 5-step multiple-pass method in assessing food intake in obese and nonobese women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003; 77: 1171-8.

  20. Johansson G, Wikman A, Ahren AM, et al. Underreporting of energy intake in repeated 24-hour recalls related to gender, age, weight status, day of interview, educational level, reported food intake, smoking habits and area of living. Public Health Nutrition 2001; 4(4): 919-27.

  21. Johnson RK, Soultanakis RP, Matthews DE. Literacy and body fatness are associated with underreporting of energy intake in US low income women using the multiple-pass 24-hour recall, a doubly labelled water study. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1998; 98(10): 1136-40.

  22. Jonnalagadda SS, Mitchell DC, Smiciklas-Wright H, et al. Accuracy of energy intake data estimated by a multi-pass 24-hour dietary recall technique. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2000; 100(3): 303-8.

  23. Gersovitz M, Madden JP, Smicklas-Wright H. Validity of the 24-hr. dietary recall and seven-day record for group comparisons. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1978; 73: 48-55.

  24. yers RJ, Klesges RC, Eck LH, et al. Accuracy of self-reports of food intake in obese and normal-weight individuals: effect of obesity on self-reports of dietary intake in adult females. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1988; 48: 1248-51.

  25. Kahn HA, Whelton PK, Appel LJ, et al. Validity of 24-hour dietary recall interviews conducted among volunteers in an adult working community. Annals of Epidemiology 1995; 5: 484-9.


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