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Beach, Charles M. and Christopher Worswick. 1993. Is There a Double-Negative Effect on the Earnings of Immigrant Women? Canadian Public Policy 19(1): 36-53.

Bonikowska, Aneta, David A. Green and W. Craig Riddell. 2008. Literacy and the Labour Market: Cognitive Skills and Immigrant Earning . International Adult Literacy Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue number 89-552-M No. 020.

Boudarbat, Brahim and Victor Chernoff. 2009. The Determinants of Education-Job Match among Canadian University Graduates. Discussion Paper Series. IZA DP No. 4513.

Boyd, Monica. 1984. At a Disadvantage: The Occupational Attainments of Foreign Born Women in Canada. International Migration Review 18(4):1091-1119.

Boyd, Monica. 1992. Gender, Visible Minority and Immigrant Earnings Inequality: Reassessing Employment Equity Premise. Vic Satzewch, ed., Deconstructing a Nation: Immigration, Multiculturalism & Racism in '90s Canada. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing, pp. 279-321.

Fertig, Michael and Stefanie Schurer. 2007. Labour Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Germany: The Importance of Heterogeneity and Attrition Bias. Discussion Paper Series. IZA DP No. 2915.

Forum of Labour Market Ministers (FLMM). 2009. A Pan-Canadian Framework for the Assessment and Recognition of Foreign Qualifications. Canada's Economic Action Plan. Catalogue number HS4-91/2009E-PDF.

Galarneau, Diane and René Morrisette. 2008. Immigrants' education and required job skills. Perspectives on labour and Income. Vol. 9 no. 12. Statistics Canada Catalogue number 75-001-X.

Garcia-Espejo, Isabel and Marta Ibanez. 2006. Education-Skill Matches and Labour Achievements among Graduates in Spain. European Sociological Review, Vol. 22 No. 2 (pp.141-155).

Grayson, Paul J. 2004. Social Dynamics, University Experiences, and Graduates' Job Outcome. British Journal of Sociology of Education, Vol. 25, No. 5, (pp. 609-627).

Geschwender, James A. 1994. Married women's waged labor and racial/ethnic stratification in Canada. Canadian Ethnic Studies 26 (3): 53-73.

Heijke, H., C. Meng and C. Ris. 2003. Fitting to the job: the role of generic and Vocational competencies in adjustment and performance. Labour Economics, Vol. 10 (pp. 215-229).

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. 2010. Overview – Foreign Credential Recognition. (accessed August 6, 2010).

Krahn, Harvey and Jeffrey Bowlby. 1999. Education job-skills match: An Analysis of the 1990 and 1995 National Graduates Surveys. A Human Resources Development Canada Research paper, in collaboration with the Centre for Education Statistics. R-00-101E (85 pages).

Lautard, Hugh E. and Donald J. Loree. 1984. Ethnic stratification in Canada, 1931-1971. Canadian Journal of Sociology 9: 333-343.

Lautard, Hugh and Neil Guppy. 1999. Revisiting the Vertical Mosaic: Occupational Stratification Among Canadian Ethnic Groups, in Peter S. Li, ed., Race and Ethnic Relations in Canada, 2nd edition, Toronto: Oxford University Press, pp. 219-52.

Lochhead, Clarence. 2002. Employment Sponsored Training among Recent Immigrants. Canadian Labour and Business Centre. 15 pages.

Li, Peter S. 1988. Ethnic Inequality in a Class Society. Toronto: Wall and Thompson.

Li, Peter S. 1992. Race and Gender as Bases of Class Fractions and Their Effects on Earnings. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 29(4): 488-510.

Li, Peter S. 2000. Earning Disparities between Immigrants and Native-Born Canadians. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 37(3): 289–311.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 2002. OECD Employment Outlook. July 2002.

Oreopoulos, Philip. 2008. Why do Skilled Immigrants Struggle in the Labour Market: A Field Experiment with Six Thousand Résumés. Economics Department, University of British Columbia.

Pendakur Krishna and Ravi Pendakur. 1998. The Colour of Money: Earnings Differentials among Ethnic Groups in Canada. Canadian Journal of Economics 31(3): 518-48.

Picot, Garnett and Feng Hou. 2009. Seeking Success in Canada and the United States: The Determinants of Labour Market Outcomes Among the Children of Immigrants. Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network. Working Paper No. 48.

Plante, Johanne. 2010. Characteristics and Labour Market Outcomes of Internationally- Educated Immigrants. Statistics Canada Catalogue number 81-595-M — No. 084.

Reitz, Jeffery. 2007. Immigrant Employment Success in Canada, Part I: Individual and Contextual Causes. Journal of International Migration and Integration 8:11-36.

Robst, John. 2007. Education and Job Match: The Relatedness of College Major and Work. Economics of Education Review, 26, (pp. 397–407).

Statistics Canada. 2007. Immigration in Canada: A Portrait of the Foreign-born Population, 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue number 97-557-XIE.

Statistics Canada. 2008a. Educational Portrait of Canada, 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue number 97-560-X.

Statistics Canada. 2008b. Canada's Ethnocultural Mosaic, 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue number 97-562-X. .

Storen, Liv Anne and Clara Ase Arnesen. 2006. What Promotes a Successful Utilization Of Competence in the Labour Market Five Years after Graduation? Does Vocational Higher Education Result in a Better Match than Academic Generalist Education? Paper presented at the European Research Network on Transition in Youth – 2006 Workshop, Marseilles, 7–9 September 2006 (27 pages).

Witte, James C. and Arne L Kalleberg. 1995. Matching Training and Jobs: The Fit Between Vocational Education and Employment in the German Labour Market.  European Sociological Review, Vol. 11 No. 3. (pp. 293-317).

Wolbers, Maareten H.J. 2003. Job Mismatches and their Labour-Market Effects among School-Leavers in Europe. European Sociological Review, Vol. 19 No. 3, (pp. 249-266).

Zeman, Klarka, Kathryn McMullen and Patrice de Broucker. 2010. The High Education / Low Income Paradox: College and University Graduates with Low Earnings, Ontario, 2006. Statistics Canada Catalogue number 81-595-M-No. 081.

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