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Australian Bureau of Statistics, "Participation in Sports and Physical Recreation" (No. 4177.0), 2005-06.

Christel Le Petit and Jean-Marie Berthelot. "Obesity: A Growing Issue", (82-618- MWE2005003), Statistics Canada.

Duxbury, L., C. Higgins and D. Coghill, 2003, "Voices of Canadians: Seeking Work- Life Balance. Government of Canada".

Jordan D. Metzl and Carol Shookhoff, "The Benefits of Youth Sports: The Young Athlete"

Ogrodnik Lucie, "Sport participation in Canada, 1998." Statistics Canada.

Offord, D.R., E. L Lipman and E. K. Duku. 1988 and modified, March 2005. "Sports, The Arts and Community Programs: Rates and Correlates of Participation". Ottawa: Human Resources Development Canada.

Sport England, "The Framework for Sport in England: Making England an Active and Successful Sporting Nation, A vision for 2020" page 12, Sport England 2004 SE/2273/10M/03/04.

The Conference Board of Canada, "Strengthening Canada: The Socio-economic Benefits of Sports Participation in Canada" by Michael Bloom, Michael Grant and Douglas Watt.

The Office for National Statistics, "General Household Survey: Participation in Sports in Great Britain."

Turcotte, Martin, "Time Spent with Family during a Typical Workday, 1986 to 2005. Canadian Social Trends (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 11-008) 2007, p. 2.

United States Department of Health and Human Services, "Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General of the United States", 1994.

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Centre for Health Statistics. 2005 National Health Interview Survey on leisure-time physical activity of adult Americans 18 years and over.

Veenhof B., "The Internet: Is it Changing the Way Canadians Spend their Time?" (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 56F0004MIE no. 13), 2006, pp.6-12.