Education Indicators in Canada: Handbook for the Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program, October 2023

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Release date: October 13, 2023


This handbook updates the general descriptions for the indicators of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) as new sets of tables are released. It is a reference document that gives readers a broad understanding of each indicator, rather than the very specific methodological descriptions that would be necessary to reproduce the indicator using the raw data.

The PCEIP tables highlight the most recent data available for five broad indicator sets:

  1. A portrait of the school-age population
  2. Financing education systems
  3. Elementary and secondary education
  4. Postsecondary education
  5. Transitions and outcomes.

The following information forms the main body of the Handbook, and is presented for each of the PCEIP indicators:

Two appendices conclude this Handbook. One that presents the structure of education and training in Canada and another that details the relationship of some indicators to international comparators.

Table of contents

Section A: A portrait of the school-age population

Section B: Financing education systems

Section C: Elementary-secondary education

Section D: Postsecondary education

Section E: Transitions and outcomes

Appendix 1: Structure of education and training in Canada

Appendix 2: Canadian and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) indicators

Project Team

Acronyms and abbreviations

Note to readers on the gender variable

This variable is sometimes obtained through administrative data shared with Statistics Canada by other organizations. Hence, it is possible that sometimes the only information available is “Sex at birth” in which case it is used as a proxy for “Gender.” Also, some organizations include “Non-binary genders” in the “Unknown gender” category for the gender variable provided in their files which makes it impossible to publish data on the non-binary population. Statistics Canada and the Canadian Government try to make our gender data as inclusive as possible and we will keep working with our data providers to maximize alignment with the new recommended standard on gender.

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