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Ahn, June. 2011. “The effect of social network sites on adolescents’ social and academic development: Current theories and controversies.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. Vol. 62, no. 8. p. 1435-1445.

Avvisati, Francesco. 2016. “Does it matter how much time students spend on line outside of school?” PISA in Focus. No. 59. January. Paris. OECD Publishing.

Cowie, Helen. 2013. “Cyberbullying and its impact on young people’s emotional health and well-being.” The Psychiatrist. Vol. 37, no. 5. p. 167-170.

Desai, Sujata, Ileana Arias, Martie P. Thompson and Kathleen C. Basile. 2002. “Childhood victimization and subsequent adult revictimization assessed in a nationally representative sample of women and men.” Violence and Victims. Vol. 17, no. 6. p. 639-653.

Dich, Nadya, Åse Marie Hansen, Kirsten Avlund, Rikke Lund, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Helle Bruunsgaard, and Naja Hulvej Rod. 2015. “Early life adversity potentiates the effects of later life stress on cumulative physiological dysregulation.” Anxiety, Stress, & Coping: An International Journal. Vol. 28, no. 4. p. 372-390.

Felmlee, Diane and Robert Faris. 2016. “Toxic ties: Networks of friendship, dating, and cyber victimization.” Social Psychology Quarterly. Vol. 79, no. 3. p. 243-262.

Ferraro, Kenneth F., Markus H. Schafer and Lindsay R. Wilkinson. 2016. “Childhood disadvantage and health problems in middle and later life: Early imprints on physical health?” American Sociological Review. Vol. 81, no. 1. p. 107-133.

Kowalski, Robin M., Gary W. Giumetti, Amber N. Schroeder and Micah R. Lattanner. 2014. “Bullying in the digital age: A critical review and meta-analysis of cyberbullying research among youth.” Psychological Bulletin. Vol. 140, no. 4. p. 1073-1137.

Middleton, Catherine, Ben Veenhof and Jordan Leith. 2010. Intensity of Internet Use in Canada: Understanding Different Types of Users. Business Special Surveys and Technology Statistics Division Working Papers. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 88F0006X – no. 2. Ottawa.

Nixon, Charisse L. 2014. “Current perspectives: The impact of cyberbullying on adolescent health.” Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics. Vol. 5. p. 143-158.

Nurius, Paula S., Edwina Uehara and Douglas F. Zatzick. 2013. “Intersection of stress, social disadvantage, and life course processes: Reframing trauma and mental health.” American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation. Vol. 16, no. 2. p. 91-114.

Parks, Sharyn E., Kevin H. Kim, Nancy L. Day, Mary A. Garza and Cynthia A. Larkby. 2011. “Lifetime self-reported victimization among low-income, urban women: The relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult violent victimization.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Vol. 26, no. 6. p. 1111-1128.

Patchin, Justin W. and Sameer Hinduja. 2010. “Cyberbullying and self-esteem.” Journal of School Health. Vol. 80, no. 12. p. 614-621.

Perreault, Samuel. 2015. “Criminal victimization in Canada, 2014.” Juristat. Vol. 35, no. 1. Statistics Canada catalogue no. 85-002-X.

Perreault, Samuel. 2011. “Self-reported Internet victimization in Canada, 2009.” Juristat. Vol. 31, no. 1. Statistics Canada catalogue no. 85-002-X.

Schilling, Elizabeth A., Robert H. Aseltine and Susan Gore. 2008. “The impact of cumulative childhood adversity on young adult mental health: Measures, models, and interpretations.” Social Science and Medicine. Vol. 66, no. 5. p. 1140-1151.

Schurgin O’Keeffe, Gwenn, Kathleen Clarke-Pearson and Council on Communications and Media. 2011. “The impact of social media on children, adolescents, and families.” Pediatrics. Vol. 127, no. 4. March. p. 800-804.

Slonje, Robert, Peter K. Smith and Ann Frisén. 2013. “The nature of cyberbullying, and strategies for prevention.” Computers in Human Behavior. Vol. 29, no. 1. p. 26-32.

Statistics Canada. 2013. “Individual Internet use and e-commerce, 2012.” The Daily. October 28.

Steers, Mai-Ly N., Robert E. Wickham and Linda K. Acitelli. 2014. “Seeing everyone else’s highlight reels: How Facebook usage is linked to depressive symptoms.” Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology. Vol. 33, no. 8. p. 701-731.

Turner, Heather A., David Finkelhor and Richard Ormrod. 2006. “The effect of lifetime victimization on the mental health of children and adolescents.” Social Science & Medicine. Vol. 62. p. 13-27.

Wheaton, Blair and Ian H. Gotlib. 1997. “Trajectories and turning points over the life course: Concepts and themes.” Stress and Adversity over the Life Course: Trajectories and Turning Points. Ian H. Gotlib and Blair Wheaton (eds.). Cambridge, U.K. Cambridge University Press. p. 1-26.

Widom, Cathy Spatz, Sally J. Czaja, and Mary Ann Dutton. 2008. “Childhood victimization and lifetime revictimization.” Child Abuse and Neglect. Vol. 32, no. 8. p. 785-796.

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