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Bougie, Evelyne. 2008. “Literacy profile of off-reserve First Nations and Métis people living in urban Manitoba and Saskatchewan: Results from the International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey 2003.” Education Matters: Insights on Education, Learning and Training in Canada. Vol. 4, no. 5. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81-004-X.

De Graaf, Nan Dirk, Paul M. De Graaf and Gerbert Kraaykamp. 2000. "Parental cultural capital and educational attainment in the Netherlands: A refinement of the cultural capital perspective." Sociology of Education. Vol. 73, no. 2. April. p. 92–111.

Green, David A. and W. Craig Riddell. 2001. Literacy, Numeracy and Labour Market Outcomes in Canada. International Adult Literacy Survey Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89-552-M – no. 8. Ottawa. Statistics Canada and Human Resources Development Canada.

Hango, Darcy. 2014. “University graduates with lower levels of literacy and numeracy skills.” Insights on Canadian Society. November. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75‑006‑X.

Hanushek, Eric A., Guido Schwerdt, Simon Wiederhold and Ludger Woessmann. 2013. Returns to Skills Around the World: Evidence from PIAAC. NBER Working Paper no. 19762. Cambridge, MA. The National Bureau of Economic Research.

Ho Sui-Chu, Esther and J. Douglas Willms. 1996. “Effects of parental involvement on eighth-grade achievement.” Sociology of Education. Vol. 69, no. 2. April. p. 126–141.

Jaeger, Mads Meier. 2011. "Does cultural capital really affect academic achievement? New evidence from combined sibling and panel data." Sociology of Education. Vol. 84, no. 4. October. p. 281–298.

Kaushal, Neeraj. 2014. “Intergenerational payoffs of education.” The Future of Children. Vol. 24, no. 1. Spring. p. 61–78.

Luffman, Jacqueline. 2006. “The core-age labour force.” Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol. 7, no. 9. September. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-001-X.

Murray, T. Scott, Irwin S. Kirsch and Lynn B. Jenkins (eds.). 1997. Adult Literacy in OECD Countries: Technical Report on the First International Adult Literacy Survey. NCES 98-053. Washington. National Center for Education Statistics, Office of Educational Research and Improvement.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 2013. OECD Skills Outlook 2013: First Results from the Survey of Adult Skills. Paris. OECD Publishing.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Statistics Canada. 2005. Learning a Living: First Results of the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89-603-X. Ottawa.

Park, Hyunjoon and Pearl Kyei. 2011. "Literacy gaps by educational attainment: A cross-national analysis." Social Forces. Vol. 89, no. 3. March. p. 879–904.

Pendakur, Krishna and Ravi Pendakur. 2011. “Aboriginal income disparity in Canada.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 37, no. 1. p. 61–83.

Statistics Canada. 2013a. “The educational attainment of Aboriginal peoples in Canada.” NHS in Brief. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011003. Ottawa.

Statistics Canada. 2013b. Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit. National Household Survey Analytical Document. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-011-X2011001. Ottawa.

Statistics Canada. 2013c. “Aboriginal Peoples and Language.” NHS in Brief. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-011-X2011003. Ottawa.

Statistics Canada, Employment and Social Development Canada, and Council of Ministers of Education, Canada. 2013. Skills in Canada: First Results from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89-555-X. Ottawa.

Statistics Canada. 2005. Building on Our Competencies: Canadian Results of the International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89‑617‑X. Ottawa.

Sullivan, Alice. 2001. "Cultural capital and educational attainment." Sociology. Vol. 35, no. 4. p. 893–912.

Tuijnman, Albert. 2001. Benchmarking Adult Literacy in North America: An International Comparative Study. International Adult Literacy Survey. Statistics Canada and Human Resources Development Canada. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89-572-X. Ottawa.

Turcotte, Martin. 2011. “Intergenerational education mobility: University completion in relation to parents’ education level.” Canadian Social Trends. no. 92. Winter. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-X.

Walters, David, Jerry White and Paul Maxim. 2004. “Does postsecondary education benefit Aboriginal Canadians? An examination of earnings and employment outcomes for recent Aboriginal graduates.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 30, no. 3. p. 283–301.

White, Jerry, Paul Maxim and Stephen Obeng Gyimah. 2003. “Labour force activity of women in Canada: A comparative analysis of Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal women.” Canadian Review of Sociology. Vol. 40, no. 4. p. 391–415.

Willms, J. Douglas and T. Scott Murray. 2007. Gaining and Losing Literacy Skills over the Lifecourse. International Adult Literacy Survey Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89-552-M – no. 16. Ottawa.

Yan, Wenfan and Qiuyun Lin. 2005. “Parental involvement and mathematics achievement: Contrast across racial and ethnic groups.” The Journal of Educational Research. Vol. 99, no. 2. p. 116–127.

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